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Deviance And Sociology

Topic: Sociology

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A) WHAT IS DEVIANCE? o Def: Behavior, beliefs or conditions that violate significant norms in society, or the group in which it occurs. o Behavior-Belief-Condition o Based on “beliefs” or “deviation from the mean” o Crime is not necessarily a deviant (speeding) o Deviance is not necessarily a crime (assisting drowning). 1) Who defines deviance? NOT inherent in specific behavior or person. SOCIALLY-defined and relative to the situation. CRIME- a violation of criminal law-punished by the CJ system. Use of force or fraud in pursuit of self-interest Defined via political power JUVENILE DELINQUENCY “status offence” (ascribed status) 2) What is social control? Def: Systematic practices developed by social groups to encourage conformity to norms, and discourage deviance. Internal Internalized beliefs (via socialization) External Sanctioned by others Formal Police, Cour...

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