Essays /

Language In Indian Writing In English Essay

Essay preview

Language in Indian Writing in English

I am here to present on the topic ‘Language in Indian Writing in English’. Basically I will be talking about the usage of language, the writing style, of blending language and culture and my analysis of it in the text - The God of Small Things by Arundhati Roy. The story of the Indian English novel is really the story of a changing India. There was a time when education was a rare opportunity and speaking English was unnecessary. The stories were already there- in the myths, in the folklore and the umpteen languages and cultures that gossiped, conversed, laughed and cried all over the subcontinent. India has always been a land of stories, the demarcation between ritual and reality being very narrow. The Indian English novel erupted in the fiery talks of Henry Derozio, the spiritual prose of Tagore and the pacifist dictums preached by Gandhi. With the coming of Mulk Raj Anand, Raja Rao and R.K. Narayan, the Indian English novel had begun its journey. Now to talk about Indian Writing in English Christopher Rollason defines Indian Writing in English as “original creative writing produced in English by Indian writers or writers of Indian origin, resident or expatriate, for whom English will normally be a second language but who have in all probability been educated, even within India, in English-medium schools and universities, and are likely to write English more fluently than any native Indian language. This very particular set of conditions, inherited from the Raj but carried on beyond Independence to the present day, in no way makes these writers any less Indian: in most cases they are representing the lives, conversations and thoughts of Indian characters who more often than not are presumed to be speaking and thinking not in English at all, but in a plurality of Indian languages.” The use of English by Indian authors has always been to suit their tastes and needs. Raja Rao, the author of Kanthapura famously argued in 1938 for using English, but an English adapted to an Indian conditions. He said “English is not really an alien language to us. It is the language of our intellectual make-up - like Sanskrit or Persian was before - but not of our emotional make-up. We are all instinctively bilingual, many of us in our own language and in English. We cannot write like the English. We should not. We can only write as Indians… our method of expression…will some day prove to be as distinctive and colourful as the Irish or the American.” The use of English language in Indian writing has been different for different authors. If we look at the works of Rushdie, Gosh, Vikram Seth, Arundhati Roy and other Indian authors writing in English we will note that their writing styles are different. Salman Rushdie fascinates critics with his ‘chutnification’ of history and language as well. Amitav Ghosh dabbles in postcolonial realities and Vikram Seth fuses poetry and prose with an air of Victorian grandeur. Women writers explore old wives’ tales, condemn exploitation and try to make sense of the fast changing pace of the new world. Kamala Das explores women’s plight in India and the world and others like Shashi Deshpande paint characters who blame their own complacence for their sorry condition. Arundhathi Roy, on the other hand, begins her story without a beginning and does not really end it in The God of Small Things. Upon the first read of The God of Small Things, one cannot help but be drawn into the story that Roy has created, wondering, with each succeeding chapter, what could possibly happen next. There are questions about who these characters are; where the plot line is going; and what the missing details are that the author has purposefully left out, taunting the reader to hurriedly move forward. Even the setting of the story is alluring with its freshly conceived scenery, unusual town names, striking tropical flora and fauna, as well as the strange social customs. The storyline twists around unsuspecting corners, as the narrator takes readers into the dark depths of the characters’ souls. And even though, after reading this book, one might sense the quality of writing of this gifted novelist, it might take a second, and maybe even a th...

Read more


1 1938 1989 1997 2 2006 3 4 abl accomplish accord actual ad adapt addit adject admiss adorn adult air airport alert alien all-know alliter allow allur almost alreadi also although alway ambit american amitav ammu analysi anand anglophil anoth answer appear apt argu around arous arriv arundhathi arundhati ashcroft attack attempt attent attitud attract author authori await awar away ayemenem babi back background basic basket bat baton battl beauti becam becom begin begun believ bell besid best bewilder beyond bhanu biblic bibliographi bilingu bill bin biolog bit blame blend blind bloom blossom blur bodi book boundari branch break breast breath british brittl broken brutal build built bumpi call came cannot captur carri carter case cast caus ceas ceremoni chacko challeng chang chapter charact child children choos christoph chronolog church chutnif circumst class clever climb close code collect colleg coloni color colour combin come comment commentari communist compar compet complac complet complex compon comprehend comrad conceiv concern condemn condit confid confin conflict confront confus congreg connect consequ consist construct contain contort convent convers corner corollari could couldn creat creativ creepi cri critic cultur curios custom dabbl damag danger dare dark das day dead deal death decompos deep deep-sound defi defin demarc depict depth derozio describ descript deshpand desir desper despis destroy detail determin develop devot dictionari dictum die differ difficult dirt discov distinct distort done doubl doubt drawn dri dual dus dust dustgreen ear earli earth easi edg educ either element els emerg emot empir encount end english english-medium entail entertain entic entrench episod erot erupt especi essay estha evalu even event eventu evid exact examin exampl excel exemplifi exhaust exist expatri experi explain exploit explor express extrem eye face fact faction fade fall famili famous fascin fast father fauna feel feet felt fenc fieri figur fill find firm first flashback flexibl fli flora fluentli focus folklor forbidden forc foreshadow form former forward found foundat free fresh friend frighten full fulli funer fur furri furrywhir fuse futur gale gandhi gap garden gareth gauguin generat gentl ghosh gift give given glimps go god goe gone goos goose-bumpi gosh gossip grandeur grasp grate great greater green griffith gritti ground guid gunfir hand haphazard happen hard hear heard helen help henri heritag high hindi hint histor histori hit hold hope hopeless horribl howev human hurri hypocrisi idea ident identifi iind imag immedi impli import impuls incestu includ indel independ india indian inferior inform inherit insect insid insight inspector instanc instead instinct intellectu intend inter inter-class interact interconnected interpret intimid invent invigor irish irrat issu joke journey june june-ear junior justic kamala kanthapura keep kerala key kill kind know kochamma kshithi land landscap languag larger later laugh laura law lay least leav left lemondrink lengthi less letter level life light like line literari literatur littl live longstand look loos loss lot love lover made main make make-up mammachi man mango mani margaret mark marker mathew matter mayb mean medium memori menac mental mention messer metaphor method middl might mimic mind minimum misbehav miss modern mol moment monsoon moral mossi moth mother motion motiv move movement movi much mulk must myth name narayan narrat narrow nativ near need new newli next nois non non-sequenti normal note notion novel novelist object obvious occur odor offer often oil old omnisci one opportun oppos opposit oppress orangedrink origin other outsid overal overcom overton paapen pace pacifist page paint pappachi part parti particular passag past patchwork paul pay peopl perceiv perman persian person perspect phrase pictur pillai pit place play plight plot plow plural poem poetic poetri polic policeman polit portray possibl post postcoloni power practic preach present presum prevail priest probabl problem produc profound progress proper prose protagonist prove provid provok psycholog pull punish purpos pursu push put qualiti question quick quot r.k race rahel rain raindrop raj raja rao rare rather ration reaction read reader real realiti realiz realli receiv refer reflect refresh relat relationship religi remain rememb repeat repres resid rest retrac return reveal rigid ritual rollason romant root rope roy rule ruler rush rushdi ruthless sad said sake salman sampl sanskrit sari sariflap say scene sceneri school scream season second see seek seen segreg seminar sens sensit sensual sentenc sequenti serv set seth sever sex sexual shape shashi shine shit shit-wip shiveri short shot sick sicksweet side sidetrack silver similar singh singl slam slant slimi slipperi small smell snippet social societi somehow someth sometim son song sophi sorri soul sound speak specif spiritu st stanc standout state station status step stephen still stomach stori storylin strang streak stress strike strong structur struggl student style subcontin subtl succeed suggest suit sum superior surfac swallow swami sweet syllabl systemat taboo tagor take tale talk tap tapioca tast taunt teas techniqu tell tension ter term text themat theme theori therefor thing think third thoma thomson though thought threaten throughout throw thus tiffin time timefram togeth tone tongu tool topic touchabl toward town toy trace tradit tragic transfer transgress translat trap tree tri tropic twin twist two type umpteen unabl uncl uncontrol unconvent under understand unfold univers unnecessari unravel unsuspect untouch unusu uphold upon us usag use varieti various veget vellya velutha verbiag vibrant vicious victorian view vikram vilord visual vivid vocabulari voic want warn water way weather weav well whathappen whatisit whenc wherea whether whole will willard wiper wisdom within without wive woman women wonder word work world worri worst would write writer written yet young youngest