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Federal Government Essay

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A Federal Governing system is one in which the powers of government are divided between a central government and several local governments. An authority superior to both the central and local governments makes this division of powers on a geographic basis; and that division cannot be changed by either the local or national level acting alone. Both levels of government act directly on the people through their own sets of laws, officials, and agencies. In federalism, there is a written constitution which formulates this power sharing arrangement between the state and its units. These units, referred to as the provincial or regional governments, have the power to act independently in certain areas of governance. The power is shared between the national and regional or state governments. The local governments have exclusive powers to issue licenses, provide for public health, conduct elections and form local governments, look after the intrastate trade, to mention but a few. This political system is usually adopted to ensure greater safety and autonomy against any internal and external threats. India is the country of focus in this regard. The federal system of India is governed in terms of the Constitution of India. The country of India is also referred to as the Sovereign, Secular, and Democratic Republic and has a Parliamentary form of government. The nation is basically a Union of 28 states and 7 Union Territories that work according to the Indian Constitution, which was adopted on the 16th of November 1949. In the Federal System of India, the head of the Executive Union is the President of the country. The real political as well as social power, however, resides in the hands of the Prime Minister, who in turn heads the Council of Ministers. According to the Federal System of India, it is clearly stated in the Article 74(1) of the Indian Constitution, that the Prime Minister and his Council of Ministers will advise and help the President. The Council of Members is answerable to the Lok Sabha or the House of People, as per the Federal System prevailing in India. The Indian Constitution is subject to change; however, this change can only occur after the bill is passed with a majority of votes in the Parliament House. Legislative powers are shared between the State Legislatures and the Parliament, while the rest of the powers are in the hands of the Parliament of India. The Federal System in India conveys that the President, the Prime Minister, the Council of Ministers and the Vice-President, together form the Union Executive. Federalism is followed not only in First World countries like the United States of America, Australia and Canada but also in developing countries like Mexico, India and Brazil. As true to every phenomenon, there are always advantages and disadvantages. The following are the advantages of the federal system of government. Localized Governance is an...

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