Essays /

Federal Government Essay

Essay preview

A Federal Governing system is one in which the powers of government are divided between a central government and several local governments. An authority superior to both the central and local governments makes this division of powers on a geographic basis; and that division cannot be changed by either the local or national level acting alone. Both levels of government act directly on the people through their own sets of laws, officials, and agencies. In federalism, there is a written constitution which formulates this power sharing arrangement between the state and its units. These units, referred to as the provincial or regional governments, have the power to act independently in certain areas of governance. The power is shared between the national and regional or state governments. The local governments have exclusive powers to issue licenses, provide for public health, conduct elections and form local governments, look after the intrastate trade, to mention but a few. This political system is usually adopted to ensure greater safety and autonomy against any internal and external threats. India is the country of focus in this regard. The federal system of India is governed in terms of the Constitution of India. The country of India is also referred to as the Sovereign, Secular, and Democratic Republic and has a Parliamentary form of government. The nation is basically a Union of 28 states and 7 Union Territories that work according to the Indian Constitution, which was adopted on the 16th of November 1949. In the Federal System of India, the head of the Executive Union is the President of the country. The real political as well as social power, however, resides in the hands of the Prime Minister, who in turn heads the Council of Ministers. According to the Federal System of India, it is clearly stated in the Article 74(1) of the Indian Constitution, that the Prime Minister and his Council of Ministers will advise and help the President. The Council of Members is answerable to the Lok Sabha or the House of People, as per the Federal System prevailing in India. The Indian Constitution is subject to change; however, this change can only occur after the bill is passed with a majority of votes in the Parliament House. Legislative powers are shared between the State Legislatures and the Parliament, while the rest of the powers are in the hands of the Parliament of India. The Federal System in India conveys that the President, the Prime Minister, the Council of Ministers and the Vice-President, together form the Union Executive. Federalism is followed not only in First World countries like the United States of America, Australia and Canada but also in developing countries like Mexico, India and Brazil. As true to every phenomenon, there are always advantages and disadvantages. The following are the advantages of the federal system of government. Localized Governance is an...

Read more

Keywords

-0 -11 -415 -543 -6 -7534 -78018 -81 -840 /articles/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-federalism.html /geo/www/maps/aian2010_wall_map/aian_wall_map.html /whoweare. 1 10 10/e 11 12budget 151 16 16th 17 18 1887 19 1928 1949 1960s 1970s 1980s 1983 1984 1986 1987 1990s 1998 2 2001 2004 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 267 270 28 29 3 3.4 31 315 320 40 48 485 55 58 6 7 71 74 8 9 978 abdullah access accord account acr act action activ activist ad addit administr adopt advanc advantag advis affair affect agenc aggrav agricultur aim alien allianc allot allow almanac alon also although alway america american analyt anoth answer approach april area argu arizona arrang articl aspir assassin assert assess assign assimil attack attempt attent august australia author autonomi back backfir background bad bakshi banner barrier barsh basi basic battle.54 began begin benefit best better bia bia.gov bia.gov/whoweare. big bilingu bill billion bomb brazil bring brought built burden bureau byu cambridg came canada cannot carol case cater caus census center central centuri century-long certain champagn chang citizen class class-act clear close coal coalit cobel coercion come communiti compani comparison competit concentr concern conduct confer conference-congress conflict confus congest congress congression connecticut consider constitut continu contract contradictori control controversi convey corrupt council countri court creat crisi crop cultur cut daili damag data deal decentr defens defraud delhi democraci democrat demonstr depend determin detriment develop didn differ difficult direct disadvantag discredit distribut disturb diverg divid divis dollar domain domin doubt duan due duplic earn easi econom ed educ effect either elect elector elementari elementary-secondari employ enabl encourag end england enough ensur especi ethnic everi exampl exclus execut experiment extern eye face factor fall far farmington farooq februari feder feel final first fiscal focus follow form format formul fraction franci freedom front fuel fund furthermor futur gale gao gap gave general geograph georg ghulam give given goldberg govern greater group guid gwen gwen-torg hand head health held help henc heritag heterogen higher highlight hill hispan histor histori hoffman hopi hous howev hundr idea identifi ignor immedi import inaccess incit includ incom increas independ india indian individu industri ineffici inept inequ innov instead institut integr interest interfer interior intern interven intervent intrast iowa isbn isol issu j jammu januari journal kashmir kashmiri keep kurian land land-tenur lap larg law lawrenc lawsuit.106 layer lead leader leadership leas least led legal legisl legislatur lengthi level licens light like limit live local lok long long-term look lost lower m made maintain major make mani manner map market marriag massachusett may mccarthi member mention meriam method mexico mi might million mind mine minist minor mishandl mismanag mix mohammad mumbai muslim nation nativ natur navajo need new nineteenth north novemb number oblig observ occur offer offic offici oldenburg one oper opinion opportun opposit optimum order organ over-lap overlap overlook overse ownership oxford p pakistan parcel parliament parliamentari part particip particular partisan pass path peculiar peopl per percept perspect phenomenon philip pitch place point polici polit politi pollut poor popul popular pose posit power pp predomin presid press prevail prime print problem product program progress promin promot propos protect prove provid provinc provinci proxim public publish punjab puzzl quot rate rather real rebellion receiv recent recogn reduc refer reflect reform regard region regul relev remain renew report repres represent republ research reserv resid resolv resort resourc respons rest result retriev reveal review rich rig right rivalri rl34205 robert rockwel roger room root royalti russel sabha safeti saga salazar same-sex scandal scenario school scope second secondari secret secretari secular seen self self-determin self-identifi selfish sell separ serv servic set settl settlement sever sex shah shantipath share shed shown side signific sinc small social societi sole solut solv sometim sovereign split state status step stephen stiff still strike subject subsequ subsidi superior support switch system tast taxat taylor tension tenur term territori therefor thousand threat throughout thus togeth tom torg trade traffic treati trend tribal tribe true trust trust-fund tune turn two u.s uk ultim understand uneven unfortun unhealthi union uniqu unit univers unnecessari unrespons upon usa usual util v various vermont vice vice-presid vote vs walk washington way wealth welfar well widen widespread within won work world worth written www.buzzle.com www.buzzle.com/articles/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-federalism.html www.census.gov www.census.gov/geo/www/maps/aian2010_wall_map/aian_wall_map.html year