Essays /

Government Support In Treatment Of Hazardous Essay

Essay preview


Juan Miguel Fuentes, Ninette Ramirez** and Enrique Linsangan*** *President, Environmental Practitioners Association
**Environmental Specialist, Environmental Practitioners Association ***Director for Operations, Bureau of Fire Protection – Department of Interior and Local Government

I. Introduction

The Chemical and Hazardous Waste Emergency Management Program (CHWEMP) was initiated and developed by the Environmental Management Bureau of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources in response to the growing concern on and the urgent need to address the issues and problems related to the risks of chemicals and hazardous wastes to the environment.

Since its inception in 2002, the Program has been subject of technical and financial assistance from the US Agency for International Development (USAID) through the US-Asia Environmental Partnership Program (US-AEP).

There are more than 100,000 chemicals being used, manufactured, and imported in the Philippines. As of December 2004, DENR registered 3,801 hazardous wastes generators. Based on the submitted reports, the generators produce 226 million tonnes of hazardous wastes annually. The hazardous wastes are classified as plating wastes; acid wastes; alkali wastes; inorganic chemical wastes; reactive chemical wastes; paints, resins, lattices, inks, dyes, adhesives, and organic sludges; organic solvents; putrescibles and organic wastes; textile; oil; containers; immobilized wastes; organic chemicals; and miscellaneous wastes.

Significant amounts of chemicals are increasingly being used and considerable volumes of hazardous wastes are generated in the country with the fast development and rapid industrialization in the Philippines. To cope, address, and respond to emergencies and incidents related to the use, storage, handling, and disposal of chemicals and hazardous wastes, the Environmental Management Bureau, together with different government agencies and industrial associations and organizations, formalized a Technical Working Group to develop the Chemical and Hazardous Waste Emergency Management Program (CHWEMP).

The objective of the Philippine CHWEMP is to establish a national framework for concerted action by the industry, government, and community to address incidents involving chemicals or hazardous wastes. For the purposes of this Program, radioactive materials are excluded. Within the purview of the country’s disaster management system, the actions are classifiable as preparedness and response.

In line with the national development and implementation of the Chemical and Hazardous Waste Emergency Management Program, the Environmental Practitioners Association was selected by the USAID/US-AEP to assist the government agencies in establishing the Emergency Response Teams. The main approach is through government-private partnership and active participation of the industrial and manufacturing sectors that utilize these chemicals and generate these hazardous wastes, making use of existing industry associations and civic organizations as mediums of project implementation.

II. The Philippine Chemical and Hazardous Wastes Emergency Management Program

The objective of the Philippine Chemicals and Hazardous Wastes Emergency Management Program is to establish a national framework for concerted action by the industry, government, and community to address incidents involving chemicals or hazardous wastes. For the purposes of this Program, radioactive materials are excluded. Within the purview of the country’s disaster management system, the actions are classifiable as preparedness and response.

As a framework, the Program fleshes out the major elements of a chemicals and hazardous wastes emergency action plan such as: Organization and personnel responsibilities
Planning, hazards analysis, and plan updating
Drills and exercises
Facilities, supplies, and equipment
Detection, alarm, and notification procedures
Response functions
Containment and cleanup
Documentation and investigative follow-up
While it establishes the critical and major plan elements, the Program assigns to local planning committees the adaptation of the elements to suit actual local conditions. Hence, the Program is a guide for the formulation of local emergency management plans. The local plan will depend on the hazards existing in the area, i.e., types of chemicals and hazardous wastes, local geography and climate, time variables, particular characteristics of chemical and wastes facilities and transportation routes, and the capabilities of local industry, government, and community.

The legal authority for the Program emanates from the following statutes:

1.) Republic Act No. (RA) 6969, also known as the Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act of 1990 – This empowers the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), among others, to regulate, restrict, or prohibit the importation, manufacture, processing, sale, distribution, use, and disposal of such materials. The DENR is also authorized to call on any department, bureau, office, agency, state university or college, and other instrumentalities of the Government for assistance in the discharge of functions.

2.) Presidential Decree No. (PD) 1185, the Fire Code of the Philippines – The decree assigns the enforcement of the Fire Code to the Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP). Under the Code, the owners, administrators or occupants of buildings, s...

Read more


000 1 100 105 118 1185 1428 15 1566 1586 18 1990 1991 1998 2 200 2002 2004 226 3 30 4 5 6969 7160 751.00 789 8 801 abil access accid accident accord account accredit accur acid act action activ actual ad adapt addit address adhes administr adopt aep affect agenc agent agricultur air ala alarm alas-asin alkali all-hazard allow along alreadi also ambient among amount analysi annual appli applic approach aquat aquif area around asia asin ask assess assign assimil assist associ attractiveness/accessibility author avail averag away b background barangay barrier base basi bataan bay beach believ benchmark better bfp bioaccumul biodegrad bioremedi boat bodi boundari build bureau c calam calcul call capabl care cargo carri case categori cavit cdpp certain certif chain chairmen chang characterist chemic chief chronic chwemp citi city/municipal civic civil classifi clean clean-up cleaner cleanup clear climat coastal code colleg combin commerc commerci committe communiti community-bas compar compat compli complianc compon comprehens concentr concern concert condit conduct consequ consid consider consist constant constitu construct consumpt contact contain contamin conting contractor control coordin cope cost could council count countri criteria critic cultur cut d damag danger day decay decemb decid decre defens defin deflect delet denr depart depend depot depth design detect determin develop differ dilut direct director disast discharg discrimin discuss dispers dispos distanc distribut divid document downstream drank draw drill drink dye e earlier ecc ecolog ecologically-bas econom ecosystem effect effort ei either electron element eman emb emerg emphasi empow enclos enforc enhanc enriqu enter entir entiti environ environment epa equal equat equip era escap establish estim evalu even ever everi exampl exclud execut exercis exist expand expenditur expos exposur extend extrem f facil fact factor farther farthest fast februari feder feet field fifth financi fire first fish fisheri five flesh flow flow/flood flush follow follow-up food formal format formul found four framework free free-rad fuel fuent function fund g gas gase gateway gave general generat geographi geolog give go good govern government-priv governor graze ground group grow guid h hand handl happen harm harvest hazard health health-bas heavi henc high higher highest hold howev hrs human hydrolysi i.e ideal ii illeg immobil impact implement import impound inc incept incid includ increas indic indirect individu industri infiltr inher inhibit initi ink inorgan inspect instead instrument intak intens interior intern introduct investig involv issu j jetti joint juan justifi k key known l labor land landfil larg larger lattic law lead leadership left legal level lgus life like likelihood limay limit line linsangan liquigaz liter live livestock load local longer look low lower lucanin made main major make manag mani manila manoeuvr manual manufactur mari mari-cultur marivel materi matrix may mayor mean measur mechan medium member method metro migrat miguel mile million mind minim miscellan mobil mode modifi monitor move multi multi-sector multipli municip must naic name nation natur ncdpp ndcc near nearbi nearest need neighbor net new nine ninett non non-sensit none normal note noth notif npl nuclear number object observ occup occur occurr ocd offic offici offsit oil oil-contamin one open oper option order organ origin osc/stakeholders other otherwis overal overarch overland owner oxid paint part particip particul particular partnership passeng pathway pcg/emb-denr pd peopl period permeabl persist person personnel petroleum petron philippin photolysi physic pile place plan plate point polici polit pollut popul port portion pose possibl potenti potential-to-releas practition precipit premis prepar prepared presenc present presid presidenti pressur prevent princip principl prior prioriti privat probabl problem procedur process produc product program prohibit project properti propon protect prove provid provinc provinci provis prudent public purpos purview putresc qualiti quantiti quickscor ra radic radioact radius rake ramirez rank rapid rate rather reach reactiv recogn recov recoveri reduc refineri reflect region regist regul reinforc relat releas relianc remain remov replac report repres republ requir resid resin resourc respect respond respons rest restrict result retain revis risk root root-mean-squar rosario rout runoff safe safeti sale salient sara satisfi school score scrape sea second secretari section sector select self self-reli semi semi-enclos sensit separ serv sever shall shellfish ship ship-sourc shore shorelin shovel signific silvicultur similar simpl sinc singl site situat skill slow sludg smaller soil sole solvent sorbent sourc specialist spill sport squar standard state statement static statut still storag strategi structur subdivis subject submit subpathway subsist substanc substanti suggest suit sum suppli support surfac system take taken tank tanker target team technic temperatur tendenc termin terrestri textil therefor threat three thus time togeth tondo tonn tool total toward toxic toxicity/persistence traffic train trajectori transit transport travel treatment two type under underground unioil unit univers unload updat urgent us us-aep us-asia usabl usaid usaid/us-aep use util valu value/population variabl vast veget versus vessel volatil volum warm warn wash wast water water/low way weather weight well wellhead wetland within work worker would year zone