U.S. History: Reconstruction to Present – Unit 12: Semester Review and Test Review - Part 1
You are now a year older, but are you any wiser? Are you pleading the Fifth? Hopefully, you have learned a lot about American History and have a deeper appreciation for those who preceded you. Like individual people, a nation has its ups and downs; its proud moments and embarrassments; its moments of disaster and those of triumph. Today's reading takes you from the early years of the Cold War up to the Nixon presidency. This is an opportunity to review the most important segments in our nation's history during that time. You might want to take notes. If a topic is in this review, it will be on the semester exam or the alternates coming up. Objectives
Cite the domestic and foreign policies of the Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon administrations. Arrange the significant people and events of the Cold War from 1953–1991 in order. Identify the significant people and events of the Civil Rights and protest movements (1954–1968). Demonstrate an understanding of the Warren Court's impact on America. Appraise the impact of the Vietnam War on American society.
Recognize the significant people and events in America's space program (1957–1981).
to censure or discriminate against a person
the act of achieving independence from colonial rule
a lessening of mistrust or hostility between two people or nations
the act of taking advantage of a weaker person or nation
policy or doctrine of devotion to one's nation
to remain neutral in international politics
the act of greatly increasing something, like nuclear stockpiles
to isolate a person or nation from the rest of the world
The Cold War
The Cold War can really be broken into three parts:
a period of proliferation and threats (1945–1959);
a world on the brink (1960–1962); and
détente and a tearing-down of walls (1963–1991).
Many nations gained their independence following World War II; The superpowers often exploited them;
Some, like Egypt and India, managed to achieve a nonalignment policy by not joining up with either superpower. McCarthyism
Senator Joseph McCarthy was passionately anti-Communist;
Americans feared Communism because it was a growing threat in Asia and Europe, Russia possessed nuclear weapons, and Communist agents were known to exist in the U.S. government; This 1950s Red Scare led to many Hollywood people being blacklisted, and others were jailed for being alleged Communist sympathizers. Nuclear proliferation
U.S. nuclear program (Manhattan Project) led by physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer; Nuclear proliferation led to people building bomb shelters and the government educating Americans about what to do in the event of a nuclear war, such as the famous children's cartoon, Duck and Cover; Today, France, Red China, Great Britain, Pakistan, India, Israel, and North K...