Essays /

L2 Health Care Essay

Essay preview

This article is about prejudicial treatment. For statistical discrimination, see linear discriminant analysis. For other uses, see wikt:discrimination.

Part of a series on


General forms[show]

Specific forms




Other forms[show]


Related topics[show]

Portal icon Discrimination portal
v ·
t ·

Discrimination is action that denies social participation or human rights to categories of people based on prejudice.[citation needed] This includes treatment of an individual or group based on their actual or perceived membership in a certain group or social category, "in a way that is worse than the way people are usually treated".[1] It involves the group's initial reaction or interaction, influencing the individual's actual behavior towards the group or the group leader, restricting members of one group from opportunities or privileges that are available to another group, leading to the exclusion of the individual or entities based on logical or irrational decision making.[2]

Not all discrimination is based on prejudice, however. In the U.S., government policy known as affirmative action was instituted to encourage employers and universities to seek out and accept groups such as African-Americans and women, who have been subject to the opposite kind of discrimination for a long time.[3] Discriminatory traditions, policies, ideas, practices, and laws exist in many countries and institutions in every part of the world, even in ones where discrimination is generally looked down upon. In some places, controversial attempts such as quotas have been used to benefit those believed to be current or past victims of discrimination—but have sometimes been called reverse discrimination themselves.

Contents [hide]
1 Etymology
2 Definitions
3 Types 3.1 Age
3.2 Caste
3.3 Disability
3.4 Employment
3.5 Evaluative orientation
3.6 Language
3.7 Nationality
3.8 Racial or ethnic
3.9 Regional
3.10 Religious
3.11 Reverse
3.12 Sex, gender, and gender-identity 3.12.1 Legislation

3.13 Sexual orientation

4 Theories 4.1 Labeling theory
4.2 Game theory

5 State vs. free market 5.1 State discrimination
5.2 Markets punish the discriminator

6 See also
7 References
8 Further reading
9 External links


The term discriminate appeared in the early 17th century in the English language. It is from the Latin discriminat- 'distinguished between', from the verb discriminare, from discrimen 'distinction', from the verb discernere.[4] Since the American Civil War the term "di...

Read more


1 1.realistic 10 11 11478 12 13 14 15 16 17 17th 18 19 1963 1964 1967 1974 1990 2 20 200 2010 2011 2012 2013 21 22 23 24 25 250 26 27 28 29 3 3.1 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.12.1 3.13 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.consensual 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 4 4.1 4.2 40 5 5.1 5.2 6 60 7 8 9 a.k.a ableism abram academ accept access accommod accord account accuraci achiev act action activ actual ad addit adolesc adult affect affirm africa african african-american age ageism aim alien also although american among analysi and/or anoth anti anti-discriminatori appear appli applic arbitrari around articl asia ask assist associ attempt attitud attribut auditor avail averag bangladesh base basi basic behavior belief believ benefit better bilingu black bodi bound brain build built bush call cannot care cast categori centuri certain cfos challeng characterist chief children china citat citizen civil clarif class colleagu collect color common compar compens competit conclud conflict conserv consider contact content controversi correl corsica council countermeasur counterproduct countri cultur current custom dalit decid decis defin definit deni deriv design dialect differ direct disabl disadvantag disallow discerner discrimen discrimin discriminar discriminat discriminatori discrimir discuss distinct distinguish divers document domin donat driven dubious e e.g earli edit educ effort els emot employ employe encourag end england english entir entiti equal era esteem estim etc ethiopian ethnic etymolog evalu even everi evolv exclud exclus execut exist expatri experi experienc explain extern extinguish favor favour feder financi fire firm fluenci food forc foreign form former found foundat free french frequent fulfil full game gcc gender gender-ident gene general given goal govern ground group harm health height help hewston hide hierarchi high high-status higher highlight hire howev human icon idea ident ill immun impli impot improv in-group includ inclus india individu infect influenc initi instanc institut integr interact interest intergroup intern interview introduc invad involv irrat isol israel januari japan jew joanna job justifi kapor kent kind known l2 label labor lack lahey languag lanka later latin law lead leader learn legisl legitim less level liber like linear linguic linguist link live logic logoc long look lower m machin main major make male mandat mani manifest market materi maxim may mean measur member membership mental militari million mitch mobil money moral motiv multicultur nation nationalist need nepal neutral new newcom non non-dis non-employ norm normal number numer obedi obtain offic offici often old older one oper opportun opposit order organ orient origin orphan other out-group paid paint pakistan parallel part particip particular past pay peopl perceiv person pervas philosoph physic place pleas polici polit popul portal portray posit practic predomin prefer preferenti prejudic prejudici pressur pretend preval privat privileg professor profit prohibit proport protect protest provid provis psycholog public punish purpos put question quota race racial racist reach reaction read readjust realist realistic-conflict reason recent recogn reduc refer reflect refus regard region reject relat reliabl religi religion remov render report requir resid resourc respect respond respons restrict result retir revers right rubin say schedul school section see seek self self-esteem self-interest sens separ seri serv servic set sex sexual shoot show shown sign similar sinc skin social social-ident sole someon someth sometim sourc speak specif sport spray spray-paint sri stabl stanc standard start state statement statist status stereotyp still stop structur studi style subject subordin suffer suggest survey sustain system take team term territori texa theori therebi though three time togeth topic toward tradit traffic treat treatment two type u.s uae uk understand undesir uneduc unicef unit univers unpriviledg unrel unsourc untouch upon usag use usual v valu vari variabl various verb verif veteran victim vietnam virtu vs war watch way weight well western wikt within women work workplac world worldwid wors yet young