MOUNT KENYA UNIVERSITY – MOMBASA CAMPUS
FACULTY OF HEALTH SCIENCES
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH
BACHELAR OF SCIENCE IN ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH (BEH)
SUBJECT: INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
SUBJECT CODE: HEH 112
STUDENT REGISTRATION NO. BEH/MSA/12/00015
TYPE OF EXAMINATION: TAKE AWAY CAT 1.
1. Outline the 3 Pillars of PHC citing examples for each Pillar
2. What are your roles as an Environmental Health Officer in Primary prevention of Diseases
3. Outline 5 core functions of Public Health Programmes
Q1. Outline the 3 Pillars of PHC citing example for each Pillar
Definition of PHC
Essential health care based on practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford to maintain at every stage of their development in the spirit of self reliance and self determination.
Pillars of PHC
The PHC pillars should be anchored in above definition by using appropriate technology that is scientifically sound and adaptable to local needs and acceptable to those who apply it and for whom it is used in order to be able to conduct Health Promotion activities, involving all important issues of health education, nutrition, Sanitation, maternal and Child health and prevention and control of endemic diseases. Through health promotion, individuals, families and community build an understanding of the determinants of health and develop skills to improve and maintain their health and well being. These specific pillars are:-
2. COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT/PARTICIPATION
3. INTERSECTORAL COLLABORATION
A brief discussion of each pillar, citing examples.
1. EQUITY (Accessibility) – Equal Distribution
A very important pillar in PHC, for good and sustainable health care services must be equally shared by all people of the community irrespective of their race, creed or economic status. This concept in PHC helps...