Essays /

Summary And Analysis Of Traditional Health Essay

Essay preview

19th July 2010

Summary and analysis of Traditional Health Practitioners Act (Act No. 22 of 2007)

It has been estimated that more than 80% of people in African use traditional medicine1. Whilst population-based studies in South Africa indicate a decline in the use of traditional healing2, the number of traditional health practitioners is quite substantial, totalling approximately 190,0003. Traditional health practitioners play an important part in the lives of a large part of the South African population. “The Traditional Health Practitioners Bill was drafted to address the issue that despite their importance as a health resource, traditional healers had no legal status in South Africa, and therefore, not officially recognised as health care personnel. In 1994, the only legislation that related indirectly to traditional healers was the Witchcraft Suppression Act (Act No.3 of 1957), which sought to outlaw the practice of traditional healing. Since the first democratic elections in 1994, traditional healers have been collaborating with government for the purpose of obtaining formal recognition for traditional health practitioners.”4

During 2006, an organisation called Doctors for Life International (DFL) applied to the Constitutional Court challenging the constitutionality of a number of legislation, including the Traditional Health Practitioners Act (No. 35 of 2004). The Court declared the Act invalid, due to lack of sufficient public participation suspending the order of invalidity for a period of 18 months to allow Parliament to re-enact the statute in a manner consistent with the Constitution. On the 7th January 2008 the Traditional Health Practitioners was signed by the President. The Traditional Health Practitioners Act5 aims to:

Establish the Interim Health Practitioners Council of South Africa. Provide for a regulatory framework to ensure efficacy, safety and quality of traditional health care services. To provide for the management and control over the registration, training and conduct of practitioners, students and specified categories in the traditional health practitioners profession. To provide for matters connected therewith.

This paper provides a summary and analysis of the Traditional Health Practitioners Act:

Chapter 1: Definitions

Chapter 1 lists definitions used in the Act. It then describes the purpose of the Act, as described above, to:

1) Establish the Interim Health Practitioners Council of South Africa. 2) Provide for the registration, training and practises of traditional health practitioners. 3) Serve and protect the interests of members of the public who use the services of traditional health practitioners. This Act applies to both traditional health practitioners and students engaged in or learning traditional health practice.

Chapter 2: Es...

Read more


-2007 /journals/lancet/article/piis0140-6736(09)61261-7/fulltext /user/accessdenied?id=117981447&act=2138&code=4719&page=/cgi-bin/fulltext/117981447/pdfstart 0003 1 131 17 18 190 1957 1994 1998 19th 2 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 21 22 23 24 25 27 28 3 30 30th 32 34 35 374 4 42 43 44 45 47 48 49 5 50 51 7 7th 80 9694 absenc accept access account accredit act act5 action addit address administr affect afford africa african aggriev agreement aid aim alleg allow amongst amount analysi annual appeal appli applic appoint appropri approv approxim assess assist attempt author authoris avail awar b b20 base basi bill bioethic birth bodi call cancer candid care case categori caution certain certif chairperson challeng chapter charact charg citizenship claim class code collabor commenc comment communiti compil complain complaint compulsori concern conclud condit conduct conform connect consent consid consist constitut consult contact contempl context continu control copi cost could council countri cours court crimin criteria cure date day deal death decis declar declin defin definit democrat denounc depart departur describ despit detail determin develop dfl diagnos disciplinari disclos diseas disgrac dismiss divin doctor draft due dwell educ effect efficaci either elect empow enact engag enquiri ensur enter entri error establish estim ethic even evid examin except execut extend extent fals fee field financ find fine first follow form formal found framework fraud function gain gazett general give govern guidelin guilt guilti heal healer healing2 health heard herbalist high hinder hiv hiv/aids hold howev imperson import impos imprison improp includ inde indic indirect individu inform input inquiri institut instruct intend interest interim intern invalid investig issu januari juli june justifi k known lack lancet larg law learn legal legisl life like limit line list live lodg made maintain makani makani-mansomi make make-up manag manner mansomi matter maximum may mean medic medicin medicine1 member minimum minist money month must name natur necessari night no.3 non non-memb norm notic number nyika object obtain offenc offer offic offici on-lin one opportun order organis other outlaw outlin paid paper parliament part particip particular patient payment pelzer penalis penalti peopl perform period perman person personnel pertain play popul population-bas postpon pp.25-34 practic practis practition premis prescrib present presid pretend privat procedur proceed procur profess profession prohibit promot proof protect provid provis public publish purpos qualif qualiti quit re re-enact reason recognis recognit recommend refer regard regist registr registrar regul regulatori relat relev remain remov render report repres represent reprimand request requir research resourc respect respons restitut restor reveal right rule safeti scheme scope search secretari section seek septemb serv servic set sign sinc sought south specifi staff standard state status statut stipul student studi subject submiss submit substanti suffici summari supplementari suppress surgeon surround suspend suspens teach term termin therefor therewith three time total tradit train transit treat treatment unit univers unless unprofession unpublish unregist updat upon use utilis valid valu various vol volum warrant well whilst wish witchcraft within without world write written year