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12 Safety Health Essay

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Safety and Health

Managing Human Resources
14th edition

Bohlander • Snell
© 2007 Thomson/SouthThomson/South-Western.
All rights reserved.

PowerPoint Presentation by Charlie Cook
The University of West Alabama

After studying this chapter, you should be able to:
1. Summarize the general provisions of the
Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA).
2. Describe what management can do to create a safe
work environment.
3. Identify the measures that should be taken to
control and eliminate health hazards.
4. Describe the organizational services and programs
for building better health.
5. Explain the role of employee assistance programs
in HRM.
6. Indicate methods for coping with stress.
© 2007 Thomson/South-Western. All rights reserved.


Safety and Health: It’s the Law
In 2002 there were 5.5 million injuries/illnesses among
private-sector firms.
Back problems cost employers $50 billion yearly in
workers’ compensation costs and $50 billion in indirect
costs In 2002, more than 340,000 OSHA calls involved
injuries to the back.
In 2003, there were 609 private-sector work-related
In any year, approximately 75 million working days are
lost because of on-the-job injuries.
In 2003, 5,559 employees died from work accidents.

© 2007 Thomson/South-Western. All rights reserved.



Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA)
of 1970
• Mission of OSHA
 To assure the safety and health of America’s workers
by setting and enforcing standards
providing training, outreach, and education
establishing partnerships with businesses
 encouraging continual improvements in workplace safety
and health

 Coverage of employees—all nongovernmental
employers and employees; state and local
government employees

© 2007 Thomson/South-Western. All rights reserved.


Provisions of OSHA
• OSHA Standards
 Apply to general industry, maritime, construction, and
 Cover the workplace, machinery and equipment,
material, power sources, processing, protective
clothing, first aid, and administrative requirements.

• Enforcement of the Act
 The Secretary of Labor is authorized by the Act to
conduct workplace inspections, to issue citations, and
to impose penalties on employers.

Inspections are conducted by the Occupational Safety
and Health Administration of the Department of Labor.

© 2007 Thomson/South-Western. All rights reserved.


Enforcing OSHA Standards
• Workplace inspections
• Citations and penalties
• On-site consultations
• Voluntary protection programs
• Training and education

© 2007 Thomson/South-Western. All rights reserved.



OSHA’s System of Inspection Priorities

Inspection of imminent danger situations

Investigation of catastrophes, fatalities, and
accidents that result in hospitalization of five or
more employees


Investigation of valid employee complaints of
alleged violations of standards or of unsafe or
unhealthful working conditions


Special-emphasis inspections aimed at specific
Specialhigh--hazard industries, occupations, or
substances that are injurious to health

© 2007 Thomson/South-Western. All rights reserved.


Citations and Penalties
A violation that has a direct relationship to job safety

OtherThan-- and health, but one unlikely to cause death or serious physical harm. OSHA may propose a penalty of up to
$7,000 for each violation.


A violation where there is substantial probability that
death or serious physical harm could result and the
employer knew, or should have known, of the hazard.
OSHA may propose a mandatory penalty of up to
$7,000 for each violation.


A violation that the employer intentionally and
knowingly commits, or a violation that the employer
commits with plain indifference to the law. OSHA may
propose penalties of up to $70,...

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