Teaching for entrepreneurial development and small business has played a significant part in governments' policy approach to economic development .
It is beyond doubt that there has been a significant growth in self employment and small business development over the past few years .
As it can be seen from the quotes, small businesses are becoming more and more important and by now 99.1% of all businesses fulfil the characteristics of a small business
In this essay, I intend to discuss the reasons why government should, or should not intervene (i.e. support) in small enterprises. In the appendix B I will also outline some of the latest European support programmes for business start-ups and small business development.
2.1Definition of small enterprises
The most commonly used definition of small businesses can be found in the Companies Act 1985. It states that small enterprises are companies with a turnover of below 2.8 million pound sterling per annum, a balance sheet total of below 1.4 million pound sterling per annum and the number of employees must not exceed 50. For a company to be regarded as a small enterprise it has to meet two or more of these conditions at the beginning of the financial year .
2.2Reasons for government support
Governments intervene in companies for several reasons. Below I will outline some of the reasons why governments spend large amounts on money every year supporting small businesses.
This means governments supporting individuals to set up a company or newly created companies to survive in the market. Support takes place in different ways, such as financial support, managerial and entrepreneurial training.
One of the main reasons why governments support start-ups is, that they are a major employment creator in every economy. When a new business is started, even with a one man company, at least one new job is created.
It is not only direct employment being created, but it is also indirect employment. Say a corner shop is opened up, the suppliers will experience a higher demand for their goods, and therefore they might want to employ more people.
Like the multiplier effect, (a small increase in government spending will increase the national income by a larger amount), the creation of a new company will trigger a considerable increase in employment - direct and indirect.
Another important reason why governments should support start-ups is that an increase in the number of businesses in the market means an increase in the competition.
As more and more suppliers (i.e. companies) enter a certain market, the supply will therefore rise. With the supply now being higher the prices will fall, due to the law of supply (an increase in supply will cause a decrease in price and vice versa) and the consumer will benefit.
It is not only the prices which are effected by an increase in competition. Firms in the market might want to rise the quality of the products to be able to sell more of their products.
22.214.171.124Economic growth and increase in GDP
The third reason is that as more companies are in an economy, the economy's output will increase. With more people being employed the total gross domestic product (GDP - "the value of goods and services produced within a nation, representing only the sum of the incomes of the factors of production" ) of the country is going to rise. As total GDP increases, GDP per capita will increase as well. A rise in GDP per capita means a rise in the level of welfare.
An increase in the level of GDP means economic growth which is one of the main overall aims of modern western economies.
This means governments supporting small companies ...