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History Of The Internet Essay

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The internet was the created by a combined effort of leading computer engineers and experts. Among this group of people were Leonard Kleinrock, J.C.R. Licklider, Larry Roberts, and many others. In 1962, J.C.R. Licklider proposed the idea of a network that could connect all the computers around the globe with a single network. It would allow any data or information from a site to be accessed from anywhere in a short time. After leaving MIT, he joined the Advanced Research Projects Agency, which was run by the U.S. Department of Defense, and he became the first director of the Information Processing Techniques Office. Around this same time, the RAND published the On Distributed Communications Networks report. Paul Baran hypothesized the idea of using an analog signal to transmit messages that were divided into bits. These bits would travel across a network of nodes. The bits would attach to each other again at a node closest to the destination. The purpose of it was to have a stable communications network that would survive nuclear warfare.

Donald Davies, another communications expert, proposed a similar idea to Baran's. It was based on the same concepts except these bits were called packets and it would use a different method of transmitting information. The name stuck and this id...

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