Major Work Data Sheet
Title: Pride and Prejudice
Author: Jane Austen
Publication date: January 28, 1813
Genre: Satire, Fiction, Novel, Novel of manners, Romance novel
Author Biographical information: Jane Austen was born December 16, 1775 in Steventon to Reverend George and Cassandra Austen. She was the seventh child and formed a very close bond with both her only other sister and her elder brother Henry. Henry eventually became a literary agent. Austen grew up with access to literature and open learning, with a family who encouraged her creativity and writing experiments. Her one brush with true love came in 1795 when she fell in love with the nephew of a neighbor, but neither truly had much to offer in a marriage so his family separated the pair and she never saw him again.
Characteristics of the genre:
A novel of manners typically deals with satirizing a particular time period and the behaviors accepted in it, or it describes one person or set of persons and their desires to defy the socially acceptable behaviors or sentiments of the day. In terms of Pride and Prejudice, this most strongly applies to Elizabeth who refuses to marry for anything less than passion and love, who admits she will most likely die an old maid for refusing to settle for anything less.
Historical information about the period of publication:
Britian was not very large, the first half of the 18th century, the population of England was 6 million, which grew little until the 1740’s. In this period, as today, social observers identified three broad categories of social three wide ranging categories of social classes could be found. It was not the level of income that mattered most, but their social ranking. The upper ranks were usually called the gentry, families whose status was assured by land ownership, and who were largely free from laboring for their livelihood. The second rank would be "the middling sort," or "tradesmen"; people who made money by working. Many of these might be wealthier than many in the gentry, but their status was lower. Clergymen and barristers filled the upper ranks of this category, with merchants, farmers and shopkeepers making up the lower ranks. Plot Summary: Elizabeth Bennett was raised as the second oldest into a strange sh...