FEU- East Asia College
In Partial Fulfillment of the
Requirements in ENGE303
Modern Communication I
A Research Study on FEU-East Asia College
About the Significance of Internet
To College Students
Cedric De Sagun
Mr. Richard I. Floralde
September 6, 2013
A. INTRODUCTION OF THE STUDY
As a new medium of learning in the twenty-first century, the Internet has brought unprecedented opportunities to students. To capitalize upon such opportunities, schools and families eagerly facilitate Internet use, particularly in East Asia, where academic achievement remains the top priority at school. At the same time, however, the Internet has also become a major concern for parents, because some online activities may seriously distract adolescents from their homework. For parents and educators alike, therefore, it is important to determine whether and how Internet use is linked to academic achievement, a key outcome of school learning.
The first Filipino logged in to the Internet was on March 29, 2000, when the Philippine Network Foundation, a consortium of private and public institutions, obtained the country’s first public permanent connection to the Internet Minges, Magpantay, Firth and Kelly, (2002). Since then, the number of Filipino Internet users has grown, gradually at first but considerably rapid in the past few years. The International Communication Union (ITU) estimates that from a mere 4,000 Internet users in year 2000, there were about 8.3 million of Filipino Internet users in 2011. Although this rate of Internet adoption is considerably lower than its Southeast Asian neighbors, the percentage of Filipino Internet users has exponentially increased from 0.005% of the total population in 2000 to 9% in 2011. The Filipinos, indeed, are getting “sucked” into worldwide web Ho, (2009).Yet, despite this growth of Internet use in the Philippines, there seems to be a scarcity on data on the Filipino Internet user’s online behavior. Few studies on patterns of Internet use have been conducted, but these studies were limited in geographic coverage and to select subjects/respondents. The Yahoo!-Nielsen Net Index initiative, conducted twice since 2011, only gathers data on Internet users in National Urban Philippines, or in only 22 major cities across the country. The Asia Institute of Journalism and Communication conducted for the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) a nationwide survey on Internet access and use by Filipino schoolchildren. Although these studies provide a snapshot of how and why Filipinos use the Internet, they do not provide a comprehensive picture on the socio-demographic factors that promote (or hinder) access to and use of the Internet. Even government-produced statistics on the usage of the Internet – or on information communication technology for that matter – are limited, not updated regularly, and not readily available to the public.
Technology has developed so much that it is almost crucial to have electronic devices particularly the personal computers at home, school, internet cafe, etc. Teenagers have gotten soused to have technology around them. However, while having these computers that make life easier, comfortable, and handy at most of the times, it could also have negative effects on their lives particularly in their studies when used too much. When these computers are used too much by these teenagers, they will develop a kind of addiction which is now commonly called computer addiction. Computer addiction is defined as such a strong involvement with a machine or what can be displayed on it that the usual criteria for impairment through addiction are met Lowinson, (2009). This is the most common addiction being observed by the researchers to the teenagers who are in their first year collegiate level. Computer games, cyber-sex, cyber relationship, internet gambling and information overload are the causes why students are being addicted to computer. These are the most common things that they do when they are in front of a computer Deverensky & Gupta, (2004). These causes can affect the academic performance of the students. There are high rate of failure and drop-out rate of the students. The nearby computer shops trigger the students to be easily hooked in computer use. Due to the development and spread of cheaper and more user-friendly computer technology and software (e.g., portable computers, Microsoft Word etc), the use of the Internet has increased dramatically. In 2010, the world’s Internet use was 28.7% of the population. While this may not seem like a very large portion of the world’s population, the growth in the use of the Internet has been dramatic. For example, between 2000 and 2010, the rate of growth of Internet use was 44.8% (Internet World Stats, 2010). Previous studies have been inconclusive about the relation between Internet use and academic achievement. Among high school students, for example, the amount of time using the Internet has little to do with individual’s academic achievement. Furthermore, students' grade point averages (GPA) are not closely correlated with specific activities, such as searching for information, E-mailing, and playing games Hunley et al.,(2009). Among college students, however, searching information online about course materials helps boost intellectual development and facilitates preparation for future jobs. In contrast, heavily indulging in online recreation has been closely linked to impaired academic performance Kubey, Lavin, & Barrows, Kuh& Hu, (2005). The most effective communication resources, computers and the Internet, are part of our daily life and have become one of the important tools in the education. The Internet helps transfer information between different points therefore this satiation makes the Internet a very powerful information system. People in different age groups and jobs, students and academicians who do scientific research and prepare projects prefer using the Internet because it is the easiest, fastest, and cheapest ways of accessing necessary information Cloud, (2011).
The use of the Internet in the educational environment has enabled easy access to many resources, and information sharing has, therefore, significantly increased. Moreover, the prevalence of this sharing has brought additional benefits in that these resources can be used in any location and any time. Although the efficiency of this technology, it is evaluated with use of proportion of the desired results in student achievement does not exactly come out and is difficult to determine. Hence, much research has been conducted over time to understand the reasons for this situation.
There are many benefits associated with Internet use, such as access to needed information, worldwide access to news and events, and interpersonal communication through email. However, along with the phenomenal growth of the Internet and its use, there has been a growing concern worldwide regarding the risks associated with internet over-use (Buchholz, 2009; The Associated Press, 2009). It is now believed that there could be widespread addiction to it, in particular amongst college and university students (Kim, et al., 2010). Since adolescents, especially some university students sometimes, use the Internet for reasons other than educational (they explore the funny view of the Internet). The effect of the Internet in education is, hence, relatively limited. In this study, efficiency and effectiveness of access to resources on the Internet, rather than examination of Internet use has been investigated. In addition, we have sought to identify the impacts of Internet resources used by university students in their project, and which effect...