Essays /

Max Weber Essay

Essay preview

What do you understand Max Weber's contention that sociology should be the study of social action to mean?

Society in Max Weber's eyes consists of actions of the individuals. Weber believed that actions of individuals are what form society and the basis of sociology. Humans are aware of their surroundings and naturaly create different situations.

The actions of individuals are “Behaviour with a subjective meaning” meaning the action is done with intention and meaning. Social action according to Weber is done consciously, aware of the presence of others, and directed to a specific goal. In order to understand and differentiate the individuals social action, Weber created four major theories:

Traditional social action: Actions influenced by tradition or ingrained habits. Traditional action is often done without thinking and comes naturally, for instance tying once shoelaces.

Affectual social action: Driven by a persons emotions. Affectual action is divided into emotional tension and uncontrolled reaction where uncontrollable reaction is unmanageable and emotional tension is more controllable and not as obvious to...

Read more


abil abl accord act action actual actviti adjust affctual affect affectu aim also among anoth answer ascet attach attain author awar base basi becam becom behav behaviour belief believ better birth built bureacraci bureaucraci cage calcul call came capitalist caus certain chang charismat class clearer come conscious consist content contribut control cost could creat cruical decid decis degre dehuman depend describ desir determin devot differ differenti direct divid domin done driven duti easi effect effectiv effici els emot emphas end engag enhibit enjoy ethic even exampl exist eye follow form four free function gain gave get give given goal govern habit hade hand human idea ideal imagin independ individu influenc ingrain instanc instrument intent interest intrest iron justifi key knowledg law leader leadership led legal legitimaci less like liter logic long made major make max mean meant meet mixtur modern moral natur naturali new norm object obvious often one oneself opinion order other outcom past peopl percpect period person pictur place posit power predict presenc previous produc protest purpos question ration rational-leg rationalis reach reaction reason relat religi religion respond right rule saw search see seem selv set shoe shoelac shown sinc situat social societi sociolog sociologist someon speak specif start state still studi subject support surround taken tension theori thing think though thought tie time tradit trait true trust type uncontrol understand unlik unmanag upon valu versteh view want way weber well went whole within without work world