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Psy Hw1 Web Essay

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At approximately the​
 seventh or eighth year of life​
, children begin integrating comparisons 
with others, such as their ​
peers, into their self­concep​
t. Their sense of​
 how their abilities and 
situations compare to those around them become an important facet of their self­concept.  Does Gregory’s recollection in the chapter ​
Shame ​
conform to this understanding of childhood 
? Which​
 stage of Erikson’s psychosocial development model​  would be most 
relevant to Gregory’s example? ​
Provide a relevant example​
 for each question from the 
chapter to support your answers. 
Question Two (4 marks) 
While information regarding the ​
hereditary influences ​
on Gregory are limited in his recollection, he
describes environmental influences that were relevant to his development​ . Specific environmental
influences important to ​
Gregory’s academic performance​
are evident in his story. Discuss the
importance of two environmental influences on academic performance in children, ​ providing
examples of each from Gregory’s recollection to support your answer.  

Shame is defined as "a painful feeling caused by a sense of guilt, shortcoming, impropriety;  dishonor or disgrace." This painful emotion can come from either external sources such as the  feedback from people around an individual or from internal sources such as a person's own  worldview. In the story "Shame," author Dick Gregory describes his experiences with both  externally and internally Read more.... motivated shame.The externally motivated shame  Richard feels is caused most notably by his teacher, who made belittling comments about  Richard's poverty, his lack of a father and his poor school performance, which she  insensitively assumed was a result of stupidity, not the hunger pains of a child used to going  to school without breakfast and eating stolen food or paste to satiate his gnawing hunger. His  humiliation is described in a scene in which Richard attempts to pledge money to charity, only  to be chastised by his teacher. "We are collecting this money for you and your kind, Richard  Gregory. If your daddy can give fifteen dollars you have no business being on relief. . . . We  know you don't have a daddy." Before the unkindness Richard experiences at school, he was  innocent of the prejudice caused by social differences. He knew he was poor, but he was not  really aware how different he was compared to his peers. "I never learned hate at home, or  shame. I had to go to school for that." The externally motivated shame Richard feels because  of others' repulsion of his poverty becomes internalized. Gregory describes his  embarrassment about wearing clothes that were obviously given to him in charity and eating  food from the relief truck. "I spent a lot of time feeling sorry for myself."Young Richard is  motivated to overcome his shameful circumstances by his aff...

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