Essays /

Internet Use College Students And The Essay

Essay preview

Internet usage is increasing rapidly among the general population but even greater among college students, leading to pathological use, or Internet addiction, for some students. Internet addiction is defined as a psychological dependence on the internet and is characterized by; anxiety, depression, emptiness when offline, an increasing tolerance to the effects of being online, and denial of the challenging behaviors (Kandell, 1998). College students are more vulnerable to developing internet addiction than most other segments of society since they were born into the internet generation. In the present paper, the role of college students and their use of the internet are examined. It is hypothesized that college students will have a high dependency for the internet where it gets extreme and falls into the addiction category. The following ten literature reviews attempt to demonstrate and support this hypothesis.

In one research study done by Leo Reisberg (2000) internet dependency is described as a problem that affects at least 10 percent of the college students that were examined and surveyed in his study. From 1998-99 1,300 students at seven American institutions and one in Northern Ireland were observed. It was found that at least 10 percent of the college students were on the internet so often that it interfered with their grades, health, and social lives. Students who were characterized as internet-dependent spent an average of 229 minutes a day online for nonacademic reasons. It was learned that 6 percent of all the students spent an average of almost seven hours a day of using the internet. “Grades decline, mostly because attendance declines. Sleep patterns go down. And they become socially isolated” (Reisberg, 2000). It was concluded that college students were using the internet to an extreme, to the point where they missed class and receive low grades because of it. Reisberg saw that the problem of excessive internet use on campuses had grown and since colleges had made cyberspace more accessible to students the more they have glued themselves to their computer screens.

The outcome of this study indicated that students spent too much time online and it clearly showed in their academic performance. They missed class because their internet usage, it kept them from getting the proper amount of sleep which, in the long run, affected their grades negatively. These results supported the hypothesis of college students having a high internet dependency. These results showed that students were not meeting the essentials of their daily routines, such as sleep, because the internet seemed to absorb most of their time. It is concluded that college campuses started out as internet savvy but is now overly internet connected.

The next study of internet usage will be addressed in Pavica Sheldon’s (2008) research article through her survey and observations of social networking. She examines the relationship between unwillingness-to-communicate and the behavioral outcomes of Facebook use. Sheldon constructed a survey with 172 students at a large southern research university. The survey measured the basic demographics of her interviewees, their Facebook use, and the gratifications of their Facebook use. Sheldon felt that using Facebook as a way to communicate was weakening student’s interpersonal skills. The goal of this study was to examine the purpose for Facebook use and how these intentions relate to two dimensions of unwillingness-to-communicate, approach-avoidance, and reward (Sheldon 2008). Out of the students that were surveyed it was averaged that 47 minutes a day were spent on Facebook. The majority of students (50%) changed their profile every few months, 19% changed their profile everyday, and the majority of students had...

Read more


-18 -99 1 1.1 10 11.4 120 123 13.38 16 17.1 172 19 1998 1999 20 200 2000 2003 2006 2008 2009 229 243 300 350 455 47 50 55 6 60 abil absenc absorb academ access account acquaint across act activ adam addict address administr adolesc advantag affect afford agenc alabama alleg allow almost along also although american among amount analyz anand anoth answer anxieti apart appear applic approach approach-avoid archana area argu around articl ask aspect associ assumpt attain attempt attend attent attract author autonom averag avoid back baker basic baton becom behavior bing blog bore born bugeja build buy cafe café came campus cannot care categori caus cell central challeng chang character characterist children ciesiz cilesiz circl class clear close cloth cognit coke collect colleg colorado come comfort common communic complet compris comput concentr conclud conclus conduct connect consid consist constitut construct consum contact contain context cope correl correspond cours creat criteria cure cyberspac daili danger data databas daufin david day deal declin decreas deep defin delay deliv demand demograph demonstr denial depend depress deriv describ design desir develop development devic didn differ difficulti dimens disciplin disclos disclosur discuss distanc distract distribut done door dr due e.k eas easi easier educ effect eight elabor electron elizabeth ellington emanuel embrac empti endless engag enough enrol entertain environ escap essenti establish etc evalu even event everi everyday examin excel excess exist experi explain explor exponenti extent extrem face face-to-fac facebook facilit fact fail fall famili fear feel felt fewer fifti fifty-thre figur fill final find fitt five flow focus follow food form format found four framework friend fulfil full function further gambl game gather general generat get glu go goal gone grade gratif greater greatest greenfield group grow grown guest hall hand handl happen health held help hi hi-tech high himsel hold holladay home hour howev hypothes hypothesi ident impact impli import includ increas india indic individu influenc inform inhibit initi instant instead institut instrument intend intent interact interdepend interest interf internet internet-depend interperson intertwin interview interviewe intim intimaci introduct introductori investig involv ipod ireland isn isol issu item j jefferi jim jonathan journal kandel kanwal kaveri kept kim kimber knew know knowledg known lab lap larg last late late-night lead learn least leav lectur led leisur leo less life like linda link listen litani literatur live logon lone long longer lose loss louisiana low made major make mani may mcquillen mean measur media mediat meet member men messag method michael minut miss modifi month most movi much multi myspac nalwa need negat net network neutral new news next night non non-depend nonacadem northern note number observ offer offlin often okeowo old one onlin oper opportun order origin other outcom over paper particip particular partner pass patholog patient patricia pattern pavica pay pbs peopl per percent perform person phenomenolog phone play point popul possibl potenti predict preet present preserv pressur previous primarili problem product professor profil proper provid psycholog purpos qualit question questionnair quot rais rapid rate rather read real real-world realiti realiz reason receiv recent reduc reinforc reisberg relat relationship reliabl reliant remain replac report repres requir research resort respond respons result reveal review reward richard right role room roug routin run safe save savvi saw school screen sebnem seem seen segment self self-reli separ serious seven sheldon show shown signific similar sinc site situat six skill sleep social social/interpersonal societi someth southern speak speaker specif spend spent spiral stage start state stay stranger stress stretch student studi subrahmanyam subrahmanyam/greenfield support surf survey sustain symptom taken talk task tech technolog teen telephon ten tend text text-messag theoret though three time today told toler tool top topic total trace tracey tradit transfer treatment trigger trust turkey turn two type uncertainti undergradu understand unfulfil unit univers unwilling unwillingness-to-commun usa usag use varieti various via video view vulner want way weaken web weren widespread wireless without women work world would write written year yes yesterday young younger