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Y
R
A
L
U
B
VOC A
WORKPLACE
AND CAREER
WORDS
◆ Aptitude and Attitude

◆ Education and Earnings

◆ Comparing Careers

◆ Finding and Keeping a Job

VOCABULARY
in context
ELLIOTT QUINLEY

1

VOCABULARY
iin
n ccontext
o n te x t

EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS
HISTORY
MEDIA

AND

AND

MUSIC, ART,
SCIENCE

GEOGRAPHY WORDS

MARKETPLACE WORDS
AND

AND

WORKPLACE

LITERATURE WORDS

TECHNOLOGY WORDS
AND

CAREER WORDS

Three Watson
Irvine, CA 92618-2767
E-Mail: [email protected]
Website: www.sdlback.com
Development and Production: Laurel Associates, Inc.
Cover Design: Elisa Ligon
Interior Illustrations: Katherine Urrutia, Debra A. LaPalm, C. S. Arts Copyright © 2002 by Saddleback Educational Publishing. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without the written permission of the publisher. ISBN 1-56254-402-0

Printed in the United States of America
07 06 05 04 03
9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

2

CONTENTS

▼ Introduction .....................

4

UNIT 3 Preview ........................... 55
LESSON

UNIT 1 Preview ............................. 5
LESSON

1 Unit 1 Glossary ....................... 6
2 First Impressions
Count ...................................... 9

3 Career Focus:
Musician ............................... 12

4 Comparing Two
Job Ads ................................. 15

5 Labor Unions ....................... 18
6 Earnings Statement ........... 21
7 Exploring Language ........... 24
▼ Unit 1 Review ........................ 27

UNIT 2 Preview ........................... 30
LESSON

1 Unit 2 Glossary ..................... 31
2 Considering Different
Vocations .............................. 34

3 Career Focus: Emergency
Medical Technician ............ 37

4 Looking for Work
in the “Want Ads” ............... 40

5 Two Careers in
the Law ................................. 43

6 Want a Good Job?
Stay in School! .................... 46

7 Exploring Language ............. 49
▼ Unit 2 Review ........................ 52

1
2
3
4

Unit 3 Glossary ..................... 56
Meet the HR Department . 59
The Risks of Job-Hopping . 62
Career Focus: Painters
and Paperhangers .............. 65

5 Occupations in Demand .... 68
6 What Does It Take to Be
Your Own Boss? .................. 71

7 Exploring Language ........... 74
▼ Unit 3 Review ........................ 77

UNIT 4 Preview ........................... 80
LESSON

1 Unit 4 Glossary ..................... 81
2 Working for the
Government ......................... 84

3 What You Need to
Know About OSHA ............. 87

4 Wise Words About
Working ................................ 90

5 Comparing Two Careers:
Travel Agent and
Flight Attendant ................. 93

6 Business Communication:
The Art of the Handshake . 96

7 Exploring Language ........... 99
▼ Unit 4 Review ...................... 102

▼ End-of-Book Test .........
▼ Word List ......................

105
109

3

INTRODUCTION

Welcome to VOCABULARY IN CONTEXT!
A well-developed vocabulary pays off in many important
ways. Better-than-average “word power” makes it easier to understand everything you read and hear—from textbook
assignments to TV news reports or instructions on how to repair a bicycle. And word power obviously increases your effectiveness as a communicator. Think about it: As far as other people are concerned, your ideas are only as convincing as the words you use to express them. In other words, the vocabulary you use when you speak or write always significantly adds or detracts from what you have to say.

VOCABULARY IN CONTEXT was written especially for you.
The program was designed to enrich your personal “word bank” with many hundreds of high-frequency and challenging words.
There are six thematic books in the series—Everyday Living, Workplace and Careers, Science and Technology, Media
and Marketplace, History and Geography, and Music, Art,
and Literature. Each worktext presents topic-related readings with key terms in context. Follow-up exercises provide a wide variety of practice activities to help you unlock the meanings of unfamiliar words. These strategies include the study of

synonyms and antonyms; grammatical word forms; word
roots, prefixes, and suffixes; connotations; and the efficient use of a dictionary and thesaurus. Thinking skills, such as
drawing conclusions and completing analogies, are included
as reinforcement.
A word of advice: Don’t stop “thinking about words” when you finish this program. A first-class vocabulary must be
constantly renewed! In order to earn a reputation as a firstrate communicator, you must incorporate the new words you learn into your everyday speech and writing.

4

UNIT 1

WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS

PREVIEW

Here’s an introduction to the vocabulary terms, skills, and concepts you will study in this unit. Answers are upside down on the bottom of the page. TRUE OR FALSE?

Write T or F to show whether each statement is true or false.

1. _____ Minimum wage is the lowest hourly pay rate that any worker will accept.
2. _____ The words mentor and advisor are synonyms.
3. _____ Great talent alone doesn’t guarantee a successful career as a musician.
4. _____ A reimbursement for an expense is a reminder to repay it promptly.
5. _____ The prefix re- means “again.”
6. _____ Your net pay is usually a good bit more than your gross pay. 7. _____ Your surname is the last name used by your family members. 8. _____ The words custodian and janitor are antonyms.
ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY

First, circle the correctly spelled word in each pair. Then write noun, verb, or adjective to name that word’s part of speech.

1. entrepreneur / entrepruner: ____________________
2. intence / intense: ____________________
3. negotiate / negociate: ____________________
4. treasery / treasury: ____________________

ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY:

1. entrepreneur, noun 2. intense, adjective 3. negotiate, verb 4. treasury, noun

ANSWERS: TRUE OR FALSE? 1. F 2. T 3. T 4. F 5. T 6. F 7. T 8. F

5

UNIT 1

Lesson 1

WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS

GLOSSARY

A glossary is an alphabetical list of useful terms in a certain area of interest. In this book, glossary entries are drawn from the working world. benefits e m p l o y e r- p r o v i d e d
advantages such as health
insurance, sick leave, etc.
career path plan for an employee’s
step-by-step advancement in a
company
competition rivalry among those
who are attempting to achieve the
same goal
contract verbal or written agreement
between two or more people or
groups of people

human resources the department in a
company that screens job applicants
and manages employee records and
benefits
income the money a person receives,
usually for working
internship an on-the-job learning and
training program
job review an evaluation of an
employee’s work by an employer
journeyman a skilled worker who has
mastered a trade

discrimination unfair treatment
because of race, sex, color, religion,
age, etc.

mentor an experienced person who
helps and advises an inexperienced
person

entrepreneur person who sets up
and runs his or her own business

minimum wage the lowest hourly pay
rate that a business can legally pay
its workers

executive high-ranking employee
who manages the affairs of a
department in a company

pension a regular payment to a retired
person by a former employer

WORDS IN CONTEXT

Use words from the glossary to complete the sentences.

1. Job application forms are available in the department of
_____________________________________.

6

2. Does this company provide ______________________ such as tuition reimbursement?
3. The terms of a ______________________ are legally binding on both the seller and the buyer.
4. Ms. Andrea Filipi is the ______________________ in charge of all new product development.
5. The ______________________ for that good job was fierce; more than 200 people applied!
6. Fast food outlets usually pay beginning workers no more than the __________________ __________________.
7. Companies that refuse to hire workers over 40 years old are guilty of age ______________________.
8. After several years as a carpenter’s apprentice, Rudy is now a ______________________.
9. With each new job promotion, Harley’s ______________________ increased.
10. Nan Brady, my ______________________ at the company, helped me avoid many common mistakes.
11. Dean has always wanted to be his own boss; he plans to become an ______________________.
12. After many years of hard work, Grandpa will retire and receive a ______________________ from the company.
13. At Andy’s six-month __________________ __________________, the supervisor made several suggestions for improvement.

7

14. The company’s summer ______________________ program offers little pay but lots of valuable experience.
15. Reggie’s outstanding job performance will help him advance quickly on his __________________ __________________.
SYNONYMS

Complete the crossword puzzle
with words from the reading. Clues
are synonyms (words with a similar
meaning) of the answer words.

1

M

2

L

3

E

ACROSS

2. lawfully
4

5. workers

M

5

E

6. trying
DOWN

1. directs

6

A

T

3. judgment
4. advisor
ANALOGIES

Analogies are statements of relationship. Figure out the relationship between the first two words. Then write a word from the reading to show the same relationship in the second pair of words.

1. Unskilled is to apprentice
as skilled is to
_______________________.

3. Employed is to salary
as retired is to
_______________________.

2. Spend is to outgo
as earn is to
_______________________.

4. Inexperienced is to beginner
as experienced is to
_______________________.

j

i

8

p

m

UNIT 1
WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS

Lesson 2

First Impressions Count

Competition for good jobs is intense. How can you get a competitive edge over other candidates for the same job? What will convince decisionmakers that they simply can’t afford not to hire you? Many competent, qualified job-seekers are not hired because they don’t project a professional image. They fail the test of “first impressions.” How quickly are first impressions made? According to experts, interviewers “get a fix on” a job candidate within just three to 11 seconds! Here are some of the most commonly made (and avoidable) mistakes made during job interviews.

• sloppy written materials
• no advance preparation
• inappropriate dress
• late arrival

• extreme nervousness

• negative or indifferent attitude

• embarrassing dining skills

• profanity; sexist or racist
language

• limp or overly aggressive
handshake

• arrogance or rude behavior

• inability to communicate
strengths and skills

• dishonesty, exaggeration,
inconsistency
• lack of career direction

• lack of self-confidence

• poor eye contact

• inappropriate conversational
topics

• negative body language

• failure to follow up

WORD SEARCH

1. What nine-letter noun in the reading
means “the quality of being overly
self-confident and prideful”?

a_________________________
9

2. What twelve-letter adjective in the reading
describes an unconcerned, uninterested
attitude?

_______________________

3. What twelve-letter adjective in the reading
means “causing extreme self-consciousness
or pain”?

_______________________

4. What five-letter noun in the reading
means “the impression or mental picture
we have of someone else”?

_______________________

i

e

i

1

ANTONYMS

N

Complete the puzzle with words
from the reading. Clue words are
antonyms (words with opposite
meanings) of the answer words.

2

A
3

R
4

S

ACROSS

3. polite
5. passive

5

A

6. mild

S

7. last
DOWN
6

1. positive

E

M

2. departure
4. weaknesses

7

F

SYNONYMS

Unscramble the words from the reading. Then draw a line to match each word with its synonym (word with a similar meaning).

1. TAIDDANCE

_________________________

messy

2. SHONESTIDY

_________________________

errors

3. POSPLY

_________________________

applicant

4. SIMSKATE

_________________________

untruthfulness

10

INTERPRETING PHRASES

Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface words.

1. An applicant wants to have a competitive edge over the other candidates for the same job.
a. clear distinction
between

b. some kind of
advantage

c. sportsmanlike
behavior

2. An interviewer gets a fix on a job candidate in just a few seconds. a. creates a mental
image of

b. decides whether
or not to hire

c. can fix whatever
is wrong

3. Negative body language reveals a lot about a job-seeker.
a. clothing that
is wrinkled
or dirty

b. extremely
strong cologne
or body odor

c. behaviors like
twitching, slumping,
toe tapping

RECOGNIZING EXAMPLES

Eighteen job interview mistakes are listed in the reading. Write the name of the mistake that matches each example below. The first one has been done for you.

1. _________________________________:
using swear words for
profanity
emphasis
2. _________________________________: wiping your mouth on the tablecloth
3. _________________________________: wearing clean gym clothes 4. _________________________________: forgetting to write a thank you note
5. _________________________________: answering questions with “I’m not sure,” or “I don’t
really care.”

11

UNIT 1

Lesson 3

WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS

Career Focus: Musician

Many talented individuals would
love to become professional “musicmakers.” But competition for jobs in this glamorous field is very keen.
Those who play several different
instruments and types of music have
the best job prospects.
Aspiring musicians usually begin
studying an instrument at an early
age. To gain valuable experience, they
seize every opportunity to perform.
Some do advanced study at a college
or conservatory. Musical talent alone
does not guarantee a successful career
in music. Versatility, creativity, poise,
and an appealing stage presence are
also required. And because quality
performance demands constant study
and practice, self-discipline is vital.
Musicians need physical stamina to
endure frequent travel and night

performances. And they must have
emotional stamina to deal with
rejections when auditioning for work.
Even excellent musicians must
deal with frequent unemployment as
a fact of life. Many supplement their
income with other types of jobs.
Advancement for musicians
usually means becoming better known
and performing for greater earnings.
Serious musicians often hire agents or
managers. These representatives find
their clients performing engagements,
negotiate contracts, and help them
develop their careers.

WORD SEARCH

1. What twelve-letter noun in the reading
means “an academy of art or music”?

_________________________

2. What seven-letter noun in the reading
means “the strength to carry on or
endure”?

_________________________

12

c
s

3. What eleven-letter noun in the reading
names “the quality of being able to do a
number of things well”?

_________________________

4. What nine-letter plural noun in the
reading means “likely chances of
succeeding”?

_________________________

v

p

ANTONYMS

Unscramble the words from the reading. Then draw a line to match each unscrambled word with its antonym (word with the opposite meaning).

1. DAVEDANC

_______________________

a. occasional

2. LENEXTLEC

_______________________

b. inferior

3. TANCTONS

_______________________

c. professional

4. RUTEAMA

_______________________

d. beginning

CATEGORIES

Cross out one item that does not belong in each category.

1. musical instruments
violin

cymbals

vibraphone

telephone

2. types of music
poetic

country-western

classical

jazz

3. personal characteristics
poise

creativity

study

versatility

13

SYNONYMS

Complete the crossword puzzle
with words from the reading.
Clues are synonyms (words
with a similar meaning) of
the answer words.

1

3

2

G

V

G

ACROSS

4

3. to assure

5

5. beneficial

V

6. self-assurance
7. ambitious

6

P

DOWN

1. attractive

7

A

2. crucial
4. to grab
WORDS IN CONTEXT

Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface words. For help, use the other words in the sentence as context clues.

1. A musician should have an appealing stage presence.
a. show up
prepared
and on time

b. pleasing image
while performing

c. expensive
designer
clothing

2. Agents negotiate contracts for the musicians they represent. a. bargain for
the best terms

b. record and
file away

c. legally
comply with

3. Musicians can do advanced study at a college or conservatory. a. build their
reputations

b. practice with
professionals

c. earn a degree
in music

4. The competition is keen for every well-paid job as a musician. a. amazing and
wonderful
14

b. scathing and
malicious

c. intense and
demanding

S

UNIT 1
WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS

Lesson 4

Comparing Two Job Ads

ONLY THE BEST
NEED APPLY
Our people and our paint have
a lot in common. Both are the very
best; they set the standard in the
industry. Are you one of the elite?
Can you give our pampered
customers the superservice they
deserve? Currently, Perfecto Paint
has both full- and part-time
positions open in our eight
neighborhood stores.

A GREAT PLACE
TO GET STARTED
Vertex Video is a great place
to get started on your career
path! Earn while you learn in a
friendly working environment.
We’re looking for dependable
individuals who love movies and
have superior communication
skills. Your “can do” attitude will
take you a long way at Vertex!
Positions Available

Store Associates
• Receive, store, distribute, and
sell paint and related products
• Fill orders, arrange deliveries,
provide superservice assistance
to our valued customers
• Maintain stock, clean store and
warehouse, mix and tint paint
Requirements

• Store Manager
• Assistant Manager
• Customer Service Representative
Outstanding Benefits
• Competitive salaries
• Medical/dental/life insurance
for both full-time and part-time
workers

• A high school diploma or
equivalent

• Tuition reimbursement

• A friendly, outgoing, energetic
personality; customer-service
oriented

• Free movie rentals and employee
discounts on purchases

• Neat, clean-cut appearance
Perfecto Paint is an Equal
Opportunity Employer. Send us
your résumé today!

• Flexible schedules

Every Vertex Video store is a
drug-free environment that values
diversity.
Apply in person at the Vertex
Video location near you.

15

WORD SEARCH

1. What ten-letter adjective in the reading
means “equal or the same in amount,
value, or meaning”?

_______________________

2. What five-letter noun in the reading
means “the group thought of as being
the finest or the best”?

_______________________

3. What seven-letter noun in the reading
means “money paid to attend a college
or private school”?

_______________________

4. What twelve-letter compound noun in
the reading was created by a company
to characterize its great treatment of
customers?

_______________________

e

e

t

s

ANTONYMS

Unscramble the words from the reading. Then write each unscrambled word next to its antonym (word that means the opposite).

TYDRIVEIS ______________________

DUELAV _____________________

TAGSOUNDNIT ___________________

DRYNIFEL ___________________

1. unappreciated / _________________ 3. sameness / _________________ 2. mediocre / _________________

4. hostile / _________________

WORDS IN CONTEXT

Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface words.

1. The manager appreciates that employee’s “can-do” attitude. a. ability to
delegate tasks
16

b. great effort to
get the job done

c. strict obedience
to the rules

2. Do you and your employer have values in common?
a. equal pay
and benefits

b. shared beliefs
and principles

c. socialize
after hours

3. All the Perfecto stores sell paint and related products.
a. things like rollers
and brushes

b. color-coordinated
sheets and towels

c. bricks, wallboard,
cement mix, etc.

4. Customer-service oriented employees will do well at Perfecto. a. very competitive

b. patron-pleasing

c. well-informed

5. Diversity in the workplace is achieved by fair and open hiring practices.
a. variation of
daily tasks

b. equal division
of responsibility

c. employees of
different races,
sexes, ages, etc.

SYNONYMS

Complete the crossword
puzzle with words from the
reading. Clue words are
synonyms (words with a
similar meaning) of the
answer words.

1
3
4

2

C

O

N
5

E

P

ACROSS
6

1. patrons

F

4. vigorous
7. reliable

7

D

8. extraordinary
DOWN

2. congenial
3. well-groomed
5. coddled
8

6. adaptable

S

17

UNIT 1

Lesson 5

WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS

Labor Unions

Labor unions are organizations
that fight for workers’ rights, wages,
and benefits in a particular industry.
About 150 years ago, when the first
modern union was formed in
America, workers were treated
unfairly. They worked in dangerous
conditions for long hours and very
low wages. There were no laws
against child labor.
By joining together in a union,
workers had the power to demand
fair wages and safe working
conditions. To a large extent,
Americans now enjoy the eight-hour
workday, overtime pay, health
benefits, and compensation when
hurt on the job. These benefits are
largely due to the efforts of labor
unions.
But union membership has been
decreasing for the past 30 years or
so. In 1970, 24.7 percent of the labor

force belonged to unions. By the year
2000, this figure had dropped to 13.9
percent. One reason is the sharp
decrease in manufacturing industries
in the United States. Another reason
is that many people believe that
unions are no longer necessary.
Changing times, however, do not
mean that unions will soon
disappear. Many unions are working
hard to maintain existing worker
benefits, rather than to increase
them. Other unions are offering
retraining for displaced workers. As
the economy changes, the American
workforce—as well as the unions that
served workers in the past—must
change, too.

WORD SEARCH

1. What seven-letter noun in the reading means
“the management of the income, expenditures,
and so on of a nation or government”?
______________________

e

18

2. What six-letter adjective in the reading
means “having to do with the present time
rather than the past”?

______________________

3. What six-letter verb in the reading means
to “boldly ask for something as your right”?

______________________

4. What ten-letter verb in the reading is a
synonym of “shrinking” or “lessening”?

______________________

m

d

d

WORDS IN CONTEXT

Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface terms.

1. Pressure from unions forced management to provide workers with health benefits.
a. healthy food
for lunch

b. medical
insurance

c. time off to
exercise

2. To a large extent, labor unions get the credit for improving working conditions in the United States.
a. reaching out
over time

b. as union membership
grew larger

c. for the most
part

3. America’s manufacturing industries have been in decline for many years.
a. businesses that
make goods

b. computerized
enterprises

c. agricultural
production

4. To get new jobs, displaced workers often need retraining. a. people who
quit their jobs

b. employees who
moved out of town

c. people whose
jobs disappeared

19

SYNONYMS

Complete the crossword puzzle
with words from the reading.
The clue words are synonyms
(words with a similar meaning)
of the answer words.

1

2

F
4

5

3

M

U

F

C

ACROSS

4. just; proper
5. payment; earnings
6. expand; enlarge

6

I

DOWN

1. created; organized

2. preserve; continue

3. alliance; coalition

THE PREFIX re-

The prefix re- means “again” (as in reglue and relock). When this prefix is added to a base word that begins with e, you may be tempted to add a hyphen because the new word “looks funny.” Examples are reelect and reestablish. But the hyphen is only necessary when the new word would have the same spelling as another word with a different meaning. An example is the word re-sort, meaning to “sort again.” Without the hyphen, the word resort means “to turn to” or “a place to go on vacation.” Add the prefix re- to each boldface word below. Check a dictionary if you’re uncertain about whether or not to use a hyphen.

1. to launder again
__________________________
2. to create again
__________________________
3. to wash again
__________________________
4. to furnish again
__________________________
5. to form again
__________________________
20

6. to sign again
__________________________
7. to teach again
__________________________
8. to define again
__________________________
9. to evaluate again
__________________________
10. to cover again
__________________________

UNIT 1

Lesson 6

WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS

Earnings Statement

Many beginning workers are unpleasantly surprised when they receive their first paycheck. Why? Their take-home pay is a lot less than they thought it would be! The earnings statement, or checkstub, attached to the paycheck explains the deductions withheld. Study the example earnings statement below.

Gunderson Landscape Services
PAY PERIOD ENDING: 3/31/01
GROSS
PAY

FEDERAL
TAX

$1,126.00

$132.00

STATE
TAX

Jake Ross
999-01-0009

EMPLOYEE:
SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER:

FICA

HEALTH
INSURANCE

DISABILITY
INSURANCE

$84.56

$114.00

$13.51

UNION
DUES

CREDIT
UNION

$10.50

UNITED
FUND

NET
PAY

$3.00 $768.43

Here are the deductions most often taken from paychecks. The deductions on your own paycheck may be different. But the first two deductions listed—federal income tax and Social Security (FICA)—are withheld from almost every paycheck.

• Federal income tax is the
money you pay to the treasury of
the United States.
• State tax is the part of your
salary that goes to the treasury
of your state.
• Social Security (FICA) pays for
a plan that makes payments to
disabled and elderly people.
• Health insurance pays for a plan
that helps pay your medical bills.
• Disability insurance is your
contribution to a plan that pays

sick or injured employees who are
unable to work.
• Union dues are the membership
fees paid to an organization that
helps workers get what they need
from employers.
• Credit union is your voluntary
contribution to a savings and loan
business that serves company
employees.
• United Fund is your voluntary
contributions to a group of
organizations that help needy
and deserving people.

21

WORD SEARCH

1. What eight-letter noun in the reading
names the government department that
issues money, collects taxes, and so on?

________________________

2. What twelve-letter noun in the reading
means “the amount given”?

________________________

t

c

3. What ten-letter plural noun in the reading
means “the amounts subtracted”?
________________________

d

4. What four-letter noun in the reading
means “money someone pays regularly
for being a member of an organization”?

d

________________________

SYNONYMS

Unscramble the words from the reading. Then write each unscrambled word next to its synonym (word with a similar meaning).

GINAZOOTRAIN __________________

ARASLY ______________________

RUDERSIPS ______________________

LOSTAM _____________________

1. nearly / _____________________

3. astonished /__________________

2. association /__________________

4. wages / ______________________

UNDERSTANDING THE READING

Circle the word that correctly completes each sentence.

1. A worker’s salary before deductions is his or her ( gross / net ) pay. 2. Jake Ross ( does / does not ) live in a state that withholds state taxes. 3. Jake’s ( health / disability ) insurance will support him if he’s too sick to work.

22

4. Jake can borrow money from the ( United Fund / credit union ) to buy a car.
5. Jake ( does / does not ) belong to a labor union.
6. The difference between Jake’s gross pay and his net pay is ( $367.47 / $357.57 ).
ANTONYMS

1

Complete the crossword puzzle with
words from the reading. Clues are
antonyms (words that mean the
opposite) of the answer words.
ACROSS

5

2. detached

2

B

A
3

V

4

I

U

5. pleasantly
6. send
7. youthful
DOWN

6

R

1. ending
3. mandatory

7

4. unhurt

E

ANALOGIES

Analogies are statements of relationship. Figure out the relationship between the first two words. Then show the same relationship by completing each analogy with the correct word from the reading.

1. Well is to healthy

3. More is to less

as ill is to

as gross is to

s

______________________________.

___________________________.
2. Contribute is to contribution

n

4. Donation is to United Fund

as insure is to

as savings is to

i

_______________ ______________.

__________________________.

c

u

23

UNIT 1

Lesson 7

WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS

Exploring Language

IDIOMS

Idioms are phrases or expressions that have a different meaning from what the words usually suggest. Notice that the idioms in the box all include the word work. Use one of these common English idioms to complete each sentence. Check a dictionary or thesaurus if you need help.

in the works

work on

work out

work off

work up

the works

1. The sales manager’s pep talk was intended to ______________________ some interest in the new product line.
2. Bev’s plan looked good at first, but somehow it didn’t ______________________.
3. You can usually get Marcus to agree if you ______________________ him long enough.
4. I like a hot dog with all ______________________ —catsup, mustard, relish, and onions!
5. If you stop wasting money, you can ______________________ your debt very quickly.
6. Sam says that something special is ______________________ for the company’s annual meeting.
SURNAMES

Many English surnames (last names) came from the type of work that was once done by a person or family. Look up the following names in the dictionary. Then write a sentence for each name, explaining what kind of work the origi...

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Keywords

-0 -0000 -0009 -0022 -01 -0101 -0303 -1234 -2222 -2767 -3 -3801 -402 -4444 -56254 -60 -8888 ./recg ./sal /______________ /________________ /__________________ /___________________ /hr 0 00 03 04 05 06 07 1 10 10.50 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 10p 10p-6a 11 110 1101 111 112 114.00 12 123 126.00 13 13.51 13.9 1300 132.00 14 15 150 1516 16 1693 17 1759 17th 18 1841 1850 1884 1885 1895 19 1903 1913 1927 1931 1946 1958 1962 1970 1998 2 20 200 2000 2002 2008 21 22 22209 22314 23 2342 2392 24 24.7 25 26 27 28 29 3 3.00 3/31/01 30 31 32 33 34 35 357.57 36 367.47 37 38 39 39056 4 40 401k 408 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 5 50 500 51 52 53 54 55 555 56 57 58 59 5a 5a-9a 6 60 60611 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 6a 7 70 71 72 73 74 74119 75 750 76 768.43 77 78 79 790 7p 7p-10p 8 80 81 82 83 84 84.56 85 86 87 88 89 8p 9 9.4 90 91 911 92 92618 92714 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 999 9a a.m a/p abandon abbrevi abil abl absolut academi accept access accid accommod accomod accomplish accord account accur achesir achiev ackerman acquir across act action activ actor actual ad adapt add addit address adject adjust admin administ administr admit advanc advantag adverb advertis advic advis advisor advoc aerospac affair affect afford afquili age agenc agent aggress ago agre agreement agricultur ahead aid aim air airlin alanum alarm alert alexandria ali alicia alik aliv allianc allow almost alon along alphabet alreadi alrit also altern although alway amateur amaz ambit ambiti ambl ambul america american among amount analog analyst and/or andi andrea anim annoy annual anoth answer ant anteced anted anticip antonym anyth apart apostroph app appeal appear appli applic appoint appreci apprentic apprenticeship appropri aptitud arasli arbreb architect area aren argu arguement argument aribforcat aris arm armi around arous arrang array arriv arrog art asap asid ask aspir assembl assign assist assn associ asst assur astonish astrip athlet attach attack attain attempt attend attent attitud attn attorney attract attribut au audit auditor author auto automobil avail ave avenu averag averi avoid await award away b b.s babi bachelor back backward bad bag bakeri band banish bank bankruptci bar bargain barri base basi bathroom becam becom began begin beginn behavior behind belief believ belong bend benefici benefit benifit best better better-paid better-than-averag bev beyond bi biannual bias bicycl bill bind birth bit blanch blend bless blood blow blue blue-collar blunder bnfts board bodi boi bold boldfac bond bonni bonus book booker bookkeep bookkeeper/admin boredom borrow boss boston bottom bought box boy bradi brazil break breakfast breath brick bridg bright bring broken brought brunch brush build builder built bulletin buracraci bureau bureaucraci burn bus busi businesspeopl butch butcher buy buyer bypass c ca call calm came can-do candi candid canid cannot canvaincoit capac capit capitol car care career caretak carlo carlyl carpent carpentri carpet carri carrier cart case cashier cat categori catsup caught caus cavalcad ccontext celebr cematari cement cemeteri censor center central centuri ceo certain certif certifi chain chairman challeng chambermaid chanc chandler chang changabl changeabl channel character characterist charg chart check checkstub chemistri chestpaid chicago chief child childbirth childhood childish choic choos choppi chosen chubret chuckl chunk circl circumst citat citi citizen civil cl class classic classif classifi classroom clean clean-cut clear clearanc clearer cleric clerk cleveland clhandu client climb clinton cln close cloth clue clumsi cna cntrctr co coach coal coalit coast coastia coddl code coffe cold collar collect collector colleg cologn colonel color color-coordin combin come comfort comiss comm commenc commerci commiss commit committ committe commod common commonplac commun communic communiti compani compar compens compet competit competitor complaint complet compli complianc compound compris compromis comput computer con conceit concentr concept concern concert conclus cond condit conduct confer confid confidenti confus congeni connot conquer conscious conserv conservatori consid consider consist constant constitut construct consum contact contagi contain content context continu contract contractor contradict contrast contribut contrl control convent convers convey convinc cooki cooper coordin copi copyright corpor correct correspond could counsel counselor count counti countri country-western courag courant cours court courteous cover covert crack craft craftsman creat creativ credit critic cross crossword crucial crush cryrunc csr ct cultur curde currenc current custodian custom customer-servic cut cymbal d d.c daili damag dandiv danger dansdart dare data daughter davedanc day daytim de deal dealer dean death debra debt debug deceit decent decid decis decision-mak decisionmak declar declin decontamin decreas dedic deduct defanit defend defin definit degrad degre deleg deliveri demand demodul 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