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13 Colonies Essay

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New Colonies in New England
¶1 New England started as one large colony settled by two different religious groups. In 1620, the Pilgrims came from England on the Mayflower and started a colony in Plymouth Bay. The Puritans arrived in 1629 and started the Massachusetts Bay Colony. ¶2 The Pilgrims had a charter promising them land in Virginia, but on the trip across, their ship blew off course. Unfortunately, they were unprepared for life in the North. They arrived just before winter. There was not enough food. Half of the colonists died that first winter. ¶3 The Puritans received a charter for land north of Plymouth. Unlike the Pilgrims, the Puritans arrived with food. They were prepared and did well their first winter. ¶4 The Puritans wanted to simplify the Church of England. They did not believe that religion should have fancy ceremonies. Puritans thought that all church members should be equal. The Puritans set up their own church in the new colony and made strict rules that everyone in Massachusetts had to follow, even if they were not Puritans. ¶5 Over time, people left Massachusetts to start other colonies. In 1636, small groups of people moved to the Connecticut River Valley. Roge...

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