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13 Points Of The Glorious Revolution Essay

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Analysis of 13 points listed
1. “That the pretended power…..parliament is illegal.” What the first point is essentially saying is that the king does not have the power to establish or abolish laws without asking Parliament for permission. Parliament included this statement in the doctrine for various English Kings, such as James 1 (tried to overrule laws via his “divine right), Charles 1 (tried to overrule/make laws because of his absolutist believes), Charles 2 (made secret deals with the French) and James 2 (ignored the Test Act) constantly ignored the law in favor of their own views. This law established the power of Parliament over king, and no longer let kings do as they pleased with the law. 2. “That the pretended power……as it hath….is illegal.” What this point is saying is different from point 1. Point 1 states that Kings cannot get rid of laws, whereas this point states that the King cannot allow certain groups to be free from the law, hence the term “dispensing”. This part was most likely put in the bill to prevent kings like James and Charles 2 who used the dispensing of certain laws to gain the favor of Protestant Dissenters and Catholics in England. 3. “That the commission….ecclesiastical….pernicious.” What this statement in the Bill is saying is that the King, or any governing body England cannot erect a council/ ecclesiastical commission. This was put in the bill for James 2 tried to make an Ecclesiastical Commission in order to control the Anglican Church. This commission was not only bad for it tried to obtain power, but also punished members of Churches and Universities who spoke out against Catholicism. This article effectively limits the kings control of churches and keeps him more as a figurehead. 4. “That levying money….for longer time….is illegal.” What this article is stating is that no king/governing body can attempt to raise money via taxation without Parliament agreeing to let them. Kings ranging from James 1 to James 2 often did this when Parliament did not agree to lend them money to raise armies. This article represents that Kings often tried to tax people without proper representation ...

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Keywords

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