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139844 Level 2 Unit Ico1 The Essay

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CARE HEALTH AND SOC
TH AND SOCIAL CARE H
SOCIAL CARE HEALTH A
CARE HEALTH AND SOC
AND SOCIAL CARE HEA
RE QUALIFICATIONS HE
ALTH AND
SOCIAL CARE
EXEMPLAR
SOCIAL
CARE HEALTH
A
CANDIDATE
WORK
CARE HEALTH AND SOC
TH AND SOCIAL CARE H
UNIT ICO 1

The principles of infection
prevention and control.

Unit ICO1

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Unit ICO1

CONTENTS
Introduction

Page 4

Unit Purpose

Page 5

Evidence for Learning Outcome 1

AC 1.1

Commentary for Evidence for AC 1.1

Page 6
Page 6
Page 7

AC 1.2

Commentary for Evidence for AC 1.2

Evidence for Learning Outcome 2

AC 2.1

Commentary for Evidence for AC 2.1

Page 8
Page 8

Evidence for Learning Outcomes 2 and 3

AC 2.2

AC 3.1

Commentary for Evidence for ACS 2.2 and 3.1

Page 10
Page 10
Page 10
Page 11

Evidence for Learning Outcome 3

AC 3.2

Commentary for Evidence for AC 3.2

Page 12
Page 12
Page 12

Evidence for Learning Outcome 4

ACS 4.1 and 4.2

Commentary for Evidence for ACS 4.1 and 4.2

ACS 4.3 and 4.4
Commentary for Evidence for ACS 4.3 and 4.4

Page 9
Page 9
Page 9

Page13
Page 13
Page 13

Evidence for Learning Outcome 5

AC 5.1

Commentary for Evidence for AC 5.1

ACS 5.2, 5.3, 5.7 and 5.8
Commentary for Evidence for ACS 5.2, 5.3, 5.7 and 5.8

ACS 5.4, 5.5 and 5.6
Commentary for Evidence for ACS 5.4, 5.5 and 5.6

Page 14
Page 14

Page 15
Page 15
Page 15

Evidence for Learning Outcome 6

ACS 6.1, 6.3, 6.4, 6.5 and 6.6

Commentary for Evidence for ACS 6.1, 6.3, 6.4, 6.5 and 6.6

AC 6.2

Commentary for Evidence for AC 6.2
Summary of how exemplar evidence for ICO 1 meets the assessment requirements and assessment criteria

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Unit ICO1

introduction
OCR has reproduced this exemplar candidate evidence to support teachers in interpreting the assessment criteria for the unit ICO 1, The principles of infection prevention and control. This exemplar evidence should be considered alongside the unit requirements, the Learning Outcomes and Assessment Criteria. This content has been selected by the OCR Chief External Verifier for the Health and Social Care Diplomas, to illustrate how the assessment criteria are applied, and to provide some commentary on what factors contributed to the final outcome.

The exemplar candidate evidence is intended to demonstrate how criteria have been met and are supported by a commentary. While the exemplars are intended to be useful in interpreting the specification’s Assessment Criteria, they should in no way be regarded as definitive evidence.

This resource is provided for advice and guidance only.

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Unit ICO1

Exemplar Unit: icO1 – The principles of
infection prevention and control.
unit purpose
• Introduces the roles and responsibilities of employers and employees in the prevention and control of infections • Introduces the legislation and policies in relation to prevention and control of infections • Introduces how procedures and risk assessment can help minimise the risk of an outbreak of infection • Introduces the importance of using PPE correctly

• Introduces the importance and skills required for good personal hygiene

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Unit ICO1

Evidence for Learning Outcome 1
Understand roles and responsibilities in the prevention and control of infections
Assessment Criteria:
AC1.1 – Explain employees’ roles and responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control of infection Extract from Written Questioning:
Written Question: ‘Explain employees’ roles and responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control of infection’: Response:
‘It is our responsibility as employees to take precautionary measures to prevent and control the spread of infection in the workplace; this involves working safely to protect myself, other staff, visitors and individuals from infections. Some of the legislation and regulations that relate to the control and prevention of infection include the Health and Safety at Work Act (HASAWA), the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) and the Reporting of Injury, Disease and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR). It is important as employees that we are aware of these so that we can work safely; at work we have information provided in the health and safety file and COSHH file.

As employees we must ensure we attend all necessary trainings that our employers provide regarding infection control and prevention. If an employee comes across a hazard such as bodily fluids spilt in an area or a staff member not wearing gloves you must report it immediately to a senior staff member and not ignore it as this may cause infection to spread. In the workplace employees need to put these safe ways of working into practice; for example by effective hand washing, not coming into work when you’re not feeling well as you will be putting others at risk, by not wearing jewellery when cooking or supporting service users in other activities as jewellery carries many pathogens, by always wearing protective clothing; as a support worker wearing an apron and gloves for procedures will reduce the spread of infection by preventing infection passing on from me to others and from getting it on my clothes and spreading it onto another person I come into contact with. It is also important that all equipment is cleaned correctly to avoid cross infection this is because infection can also spread from one person to another through instruments, linen and equipment.

Extract from Discussion:
Discussion: ‘Tell me about employees’ roles and responsibilities in infection prevention and control’: Response:
‘It is employees’ responsibility to use the PPE the employer provides correctly, to attend training and work with and follow organisational infection control policies and procedures. In terms of PPE I use different colour aprons for different procedures and when I put gloves on I check that they are not worn nor have holes in and ensure they fit properly to ensure they do not come off and therefore no longer act as a protective infection control barrier. To take my gloves off after use, pull them off from the cuff to turn the glove inside out and pull off the second glove while still holding the first so that both can be folded together inside out, so in this way you avoid the spreading of germs by touching the used side with bare hands. The used PPE are then disposed of in the clinical bin which is a yellow bag and the yellow bag is taken to a bin outside the building before removal by environmental staff.’

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Unit ICO1

COMMENTARY FOR EVIDENCE FOR AC 1.1
• Assessment Method: The assessor has used both written questioning and a discussion with this learner. The written question is clearly written and relates directly to AC1.1 thus enabling the learner to respond back with specific information. The learner responds fully and accurately as the response includes information about employees’ five main roles and responsibilities: working safely within the law and in line with workplace policies and procedures, attending training, under taking safe working practices and following the correct reporting procedures when infection control hazards arise. The assessor has recorded a discussion that has taken place with this learner and invites the learner to tell them about ‘employees’ roles and responsibilities in infection prevention and control’. The discussion further reinforces the learner’s knowledge of how to follow safe working practices and work in line with workplace infection control policies and procedures; the learner gives good examples of how to use and dispose of PPE correctly ‘I use different colour aprons for different procedures and when I put gloves on I check that they are not worn or have holes in and ensure they fit properly to ensure they do not come off and therefore no longer act as a protective infection control barrier’ and ‘the used PPE are then disposed of in the clinical bin which is a yellow bag’.

Both assessment methods are valid as they measure the learner’s understanding and knowledge of employees’ roles and responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control of infection. • Quality of Evidence: The learner’s response is of a good quality because the learner reflects own understanding of employees’ roles and responsibilities in infection prevention and control’. The learner also responds in terms of own health and social care work setting and so through the examples used reflects own knowledge of how employees can work in ways to ‘protect self, other staff, visitors and individuals from infections’. • Breadth of Evidence: The learner has provided detailed information about both the roles and responsibilities of employees. The learner’s evidence meets AC1.1 fully in terms of providing an explanation of employees’ roles and responsibilities in relation to infection control and prevention within a health and social care context. This discussion has also been cross referenced for ACs 5.2, 5.7 and 5.8 in this Unit.

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Unit ICO1

Assessment Criteria:
AC1.2 – Explain employers’ responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control of infection. Extrac...

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Keywords

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