Essays /

13 Th Amendment Essay

Essay preview

The convention at Philadelphia drew up one of the most influential documents in history, the constitution of the United States. Among some of the controversial issues regarding the delegates was that of slavery. Slaves made up about one fifth of the population in the American Colonies. Majority of them lived Southern Colonies where 40 percent was consisted of the population. Delegates from states with large populations of slaves argues that slaves should be considered person in determining delegates from states where slavery had disappeared or almost disappeared argued that slaves should be included in taxation, but not in determining representation. Slavery in the US was abolished by the thirteen amendments. The Supreme Court's decision in the Civil Rights Cases (1883) suggested that section 2 gave Congress the authority to outlaw “badges and incidents” of slavery as well as the institution itself. Thus it is not surprising that for much of the twentieth century civil rights litigation focused almost entirely on section 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment, which was adopted in 1868. In response to those issues Congress passed the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, this amendment declared slavery illegal, was ratified by the necessary number of states, although not by any Southern states. Life for African Americans was very hard; African Americans were still slaves that had no rights. One political issue they faced was they were not allowed to mingle with any other races. The majority of America's history African Americans has lived in the South. No other portion in the United States has experienced such a mixture of African and European, master and slave. However prior to 1863 all the south wanted was the prevention of intermingling between the different races, cultures and classes. Following the war, the most considerable issue for a handful of Northern leaders was the status of freed slaves. Many Americans would think that slavery ended back in 1865 with the end of the American Civil War. While most people think of slavery, it is often connected with "old slavery." Old slavery, before 1863, was a costly system because of transportation costs and the relatively small number of p...

Read more


-1900 -1989 .. 000 1 10 110 12 13 13th 14th 15th 16 17 186 1863 1865 1867 1868 1870 1870s 1880 1880s 1883 1890 1898 1900 1977 1981 1992 2 2004 2005 2008 2009 3 302 31 33 37 38 4 40 416 457 49 5 51 58 59 6 7 8 99 abolish abolit abolitionist accommod account action administr adopt african african-american afro agricultur aid aim alien alik allow almost also although amend america american among amount andrew anti anti-abolitionist appli approv apr area argu arm armi assist athen attempt author away b back badg baltimor ban becam becom began begin belong best better black blue border bourbon brenda bureau caldwel calif call came campbel capit capitalist carnegi carolina case central centuri challeng chanc chang chicago citizen citizenship civil claim class claus clear climb coal code coloni color come commenc commerc common communic conclus condit confeder confederaci confirm conformist congress connect conquer consid consider consist constitut construct contrera control controversi convent cooper cost cotton could countri court creat crop crow cultur customarili dec decis declar defend definit delawar deleg democrat deni depart depend desir determin dictat die diego differ direct disappear discard discrimin document door drew e earli easili economi edwin effect effort emancip emerg emphas employ enact encourag end enlist ensur entir especi european even evid ex ex-slav exclus expand experienc extent face factori fatal father feb feder felt fifteenth fifth filter final financ financi first fledg flourish focus follow forc foreign formal forward foster fourteenth franchis free freed freedom freeman full fund gave general get given govern grandfath gray great group grown growth guarante hand handl hard held hire histori hold howev ill illeg incid includ inclus incred inde industri influenti infrastructur initi institut intermingl invest investor involv iron iron/steel iss issu j januari jim job joe join journal jul jurisdict kelli kent kentucki key la labor labour laid larg late law lead leader led legal legisl life lincoln literaci litig littl live longer louisiana loweri loyal made maintain major man mani maryland master may melvin men merit method michael mile militari mill mingl mississippi missouri mixtur much nation necessari need needi network nevertheless new next north northeastern northern number numer oct offic often old one open order ore organ outlaw outsid own owner p page part partak particip pass peopl percent period perkin person philadelphia place polit poor popul port portion possess practic prejud preliminari prensa presid preval prevent previous prior process proclam product proprietor prove public put quell question race racial rail railroad randolph raoul ratifi reason rebelli rebellion rebuilt receiv recogn reconstruct recruit redeem refer regard regiment regist relat releas relinquish remain represent reserv resist respond respons rest restor result review rich right rivalri road run san saw say school section segreg sep serv servitud set shackl shall side signific slave slaveri slowli small soldier soon sourc south southern spring stapleford state status stay steel stevenson still stop struggl suffer suggest sum support suprem surpris system take tap taxat tension territori test th theme therefor think thirteen thirteenth thoma though threaten three thus time tobacco today took toughest track transport treat trio troop twentieth two u.s undertak unidentifi union unit unskil upgrad us use virginia vol vorenberg vote voter wake want war warrant way well went weren west white whose win worker world would xcix york