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Reform: Popes began to reform the Church to expand its power and authority because they were influenced by the religious devotion and reverence for God shown by the monasteries. In the 1100s and 1200s the Church was reformed resemble a kingdom. * Head: Pope

* Pope’s group of advisors: papal Curia (also acted as court) Simony: Simony is when Bishops sold positions in the Church. Pope Leo IX and Gregory VII enforced laws against this and the marriage of priests. Lay investiture: Using this power the kings would appoint Church bishops when the Church reformers believed the Church alone should appoint bishops. Friar:...

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