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14 Essential Aims And Objectives Of Essay

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14 essential aims and objectives of Physical Education

(i) To develop the organic systems of the body;
It is recognized that our feelings, emotions, thoughts and achievements are influenced to a considerable extent by the physiological process of the body. The development of the organic vigor is dependent on a wide selection of activities and so conducted that the normal functions of the body are developed and improved. (ii) To develop euro-muscular co-ordination or skill;

A good deal of physical activities helps the individuals and groups to develop certain skill, which gives satisfaction and happiness in a variety of ways during leisure times. Being physically illiterate many people do not know how to enjoy their leisure and become unhappy and maladjusted. Individual and group play activities enable people to give wholesome expression to their innate desires and interests, (iii) To develop right attitude towards and physical activities in general; Programmed of physical education is based on sound psychological principles. It develops amongst the individuals wholesome attitudes towards play and physical activities and cultivates recreational and hobbies. (iv) To develop a desirable social attitudes and conduct; By giving emphasis on ethical values inherent in Playing games with and against others the desirable social attitudes and conduct can be developed through a programmed of well-organized physical activities. It gives opportunity for social contact, group living, and self-adjustment with the group. (v) Development of psychomotor skills;

(vi) Development of understanding and appreciation of the techniques and strategies of sports; (vii) Preparation for leisure time;
(viii) Elimination of worries and anxieties through developing appropriate interests and habits of engaging in exercise and sports; (iv) Attainment of knowledge of proper health procedure as related to physical exercise. (x) To develop correct health habits;

A rational programmed of physical activities can stimulate the participant to develop favorable attitudes and habits in physical, mental, moral, social and emotional health. (xi) To serve as an out let for surplus energy, which if pent up, make the child tens, nervous and irritable. (xii) To meet the challenge of growing indiscipline among the student community by instilling in the younger generation a sense of patriotism, self-reliance and discipline. (xiii) To give adequate scope for bringing out the aptitudes and talents of the child. (xiv) To promote the spirit of certain qualities like sports-man ship, team spirit, leadership, patience, self-restrain co-operation, sociability and those other qualities of character and citizenship. COMPONENTS OF PHYSICAL FITNESS

Health Related components: Those factors that are related to how well the systems of your body work 1. Cardiovascular Fitness: The ability of the circulatory system (heart and blood vessels) to supply oxygen to working muscles during exercise. 2. Body Composition: The relative percentage of body fat compared to lean body mass (muscle, bone, water, etc) 3. Flexibility: The range of movement possible at various joints. 4. Muscular strength: The amount of force that can be produced by a single contraction of a muscle 5. Muscular endurance: The ability of a muscle group to continue muscle movement over a length of time.  

Skill Related Components: Those aspects of fitness which form the basis for successful sport or activity participation. 1. Speed: The ability to move quickly from one point to another in a straight line 2. Agility: The ability of the body to change direction quickly 3. Balance: The ability to maintain an upright posture while still or moving 4. Coordination: Integration with hand and/or foot movements with the input of the senses. 5. Reaction Time: Amount of time it takes to get moving. 6. Power: The ability to do strength work at an explosive pace

Aspect of fitness | Definition |
CRE/ Aerobic endurance | The ability of the heart and lungs, to work for a long period of time without tiring. | Muscular endurance. | Muscular Endurance is the ability of a muscle or group of muscle, to work continuously/for a long time without tiring. | Strength | The maximum force a muscle/group of muscles can apply against a resistance. | Speed | Moving the whole body part of the body very quickly/in a short time. | Power | Combination of strength and speed. |

Flexibility | The range of movement at/across/around a joint. | | |

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