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15 15 Mother Essay

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15. (a) Malaysian laws are adopted from various sources. Briefly explain the sources of law in Malaysia. (14 marks)

Suggested answer
The sources of Malaysian laws comprise of
Written law
Unwritten law
Islamic law &
Native law & Customs

Written law
Written law is the most important source of Malaysian law. Written law is law in written form i.e. written in black and white. Written law refers to the law embodied in the
Federal Constitution
Respective State constitution
Delegated legislation

The Federal Constitution
Federal Constitution is the supreme law of the country and applies to the whole of Malaysia. The Federal Constitution enshrines the basic rights of the individual Malaysian and lays down the power of the Federal Government. Article 4(1) prescribes that the Federal Constitution is the supreme law of the land. Any law passed after Merdeka day which is inconsistent with Constitution shall to the extent of inconsistency void.

By reason of the special importance of the Federal Constitution, any constitutional changes could only be amended with 2/3 majority of members from both the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representative) and Dewan Negara (Senate) and assented by the YTPA.

State Constitution
All the 13 states comprising the Federation have their own State Con...

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