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15 Th Century Timeline Essay

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Ptolemy introduces Geography. He assigned coordinates to all the places and geographic features he knew, in a grid that spanned the globe. Latitude was measured from the equator. (1406)

John Wycliffe was an English Scholastic philosopher, and translator. His English version of the bible was published in 1408. The Bible he created, the first literal translation of the Latin Vulgate Bible into English, was more a work of his followers than him but tradition still tends to attribute it to Wycliffe. (1408)

Henry IV was king of England from 1399 to 1413. King Henry IV married Joanna of Navarre during his reign in 1403. King Henry IV suffered from an unnamed illness which caused him to die in 1413. Prince Hal succeeded his father to the throne of England as King Henry V. (1399-1413)

During the Great Schism, there are two, and even three, rival claimant to the papacy. The election of Clement VII began the Great Schism. The great schism had a negative impact on the religious life of Catholic Europe. The election of Martin V ended the great schism. (1378-1417)

The election of Pope Martin V ends the great schism. The pope became actively involved in the political and cultural life of renaissance Italy and did little to deal with the much-needed reform of the Roman Catholic Church. This failure contributed the Protestant Reformation of the sixteenth century. (1417)

Portugal’s Prince Henry the navigator established a school of seamanship and navigation in 1419. He was a son of Portugal’s King John I. During his reign the Portuguese explored the Madeira Islands and discovered the Cape Verde islands. (1419)

Charles VI ruled France for forty two years. In 1388, Charles declared himself sole ruler. Four years later, he experienced his first bought of insanity. He was the ruler of France during the Hundred Years War. In 1420, Charles signed the Treaty of Troyes which recognized Henry V of England as his successor. (1380-1422)

Donatello sculpted the David. It is recorded as the centerpiece of the first courtyard in the Palazzo Medici during the wedding festivities of Lorenzo de' Medici and Clarice Orsini in 1469. It is probably the most famous example of fifteenth-century sculpture. (1430-1432)

Cosimo de’ Medici becomes the ruler of Florence. He was the first of the Medici political dynasty. Cosimo was effectively in control of the ci...

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