Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission
Supreme Court of the United States, 2010
130 S.Ct. 876Facts:
The Citizens United was a nonprofit organization that was given a $12 million budget. Some of this funding came from for-profit corporation, however. During the presidential race of Senator Hilary Clinton in 2008, Citizens United created 90 minute documentary that was aimed specifically at Hilary Clinton. It included interviews and political commentators that urged voters to not vote for Hilary. This documentary was released in theaters and on DVD and afterwards, 10-second ads and 30-second ads were created to promote the cause. The Federal Election Commission (FEC) claimed that by creating this video, Citizens United violated §203 of the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002. The act had outlawed ads funded by corporations or unions from occurring within 30 days of primaries. Citizens United sought to sue the FEC from preventing the application of this law, arguing that §203 was unconstitutional. During the injunction, Citizens United also argued that §201 and §311 which mandated the disclosure of the people who funded the ad was unconstitutional as well. In January 2008, the United States District Court for the District of Columbia ruled in the favor of the FEC and Citizens United appealed to ...