Tourism is similar to few other industries and markets, having its own strong impact on the global community and helped to develop communities and nations. “Tourism is a global phenomenon that has experienced rapid growth in the past- 1945 period” (Page et al., 2009). According to WTO, huge changes than the past led to rapid increase in the number of traveller, which they are the consumers of this industry, See figure1-1 (as cited in Shakeela, 2008) .The developments of this industry was a result of government and nongovernment organizations, that sated the regulations, the policies and the planning of this massive industry. However, it is been argued that government agencies or organizations are inefficient and bureaucratic, and do not understand the realities of the private sector tourism operations. This essay will outline the main roles of these organizations in the tourism industries and how they control and manage this industry by setting regulations and involving in tourism policies and planning. Also this essay will support the ideas with examples over the Asia Pacific tourism industries. Figure 1-1:
Estimate the increase in the number of tourist and the receipts from tourism in 2020 (excluding transport) Role of government and nongovernment organizations in tourism markets: The question to this is; why do these organizations intervene in tourism industry? Tourism, like any other economic activity, which takes place in an environment that, is shaped by many different forces, complex policies, lows, regulations and other actions (Koncul, Niko, & Sharma, Soumitra, 2008). They mainly intervene in the tourism industries for two reasons: 1) As it is an industry, it should have negative impacts mainly socially and environmentally. So they try to control over this issue. 2) Tourism industry has the potential to create more jobs; in India the Planning Commission announced tourism is one of the main fields that could create more employment and promoting sustainable livelihoods. (Markandya et al., 2003 p.84). Applying those two strategies to the making of the regulations, policies and tourism planning by The World Tourism Organization (WTO) and the United Nation Environment Programme (UNEP) to reach the fl...