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Canada Essay

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Canada
|[pic] |
|Map of Canada |
| |
|Sovereign: Queen Elizabeth II (1952) |
|Governor-General: Michaëlle Jean (2005) |
|Prime Minister: Stephen Harper (2006) |
|Land area: 3,511,003 sq mi (9,093,507 sq km); total |
|area: 3,855,102 sq mi (9,984,670 sq km) |
|Population (2009 est.): 33,487,208 (growth rate: 0.8%); |
|birth rate: 10.2/1000; infant mortality rate: 5.0/1000; |
|life expectancy: 81.2; density per sq km: 3 |
|Capital (2004 est.): Ottawa, Ontario, 1,142,700 (metro. |
|area) |
|Largest cities (metropolitan areas) (2004 est.): |
|Toronto, 5,203,600; Montreal, 3,606,700; Vancouver, |
|2,160,000; Calgary, 1,037,100; Edmonton, 1,101,600; |
|Quebec, 710,700; Hamilton, 710,300; Winnipeg, 702,400; |
|London, 459,700; Kitchener, 450,100 |
|Monetary unit: Canadian dollar |
|Languages: English 59.3%, French 23.2% (both official); |
|other 17.5% |
|Ethnicity/race: British Isles origin 28%, French origin |
|23%, other European 15%, indigenous Indian and Inuit 2%,|
|other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background |
|26% |
|National Holiday: Canada Day, July 1 |
|< Religions: Roman Catholic 43%, Protestant 23% |
|(including United Church 10%, Anglican 7%, Baptist 2%, |
|Lutheran 2%), other Christian 4%, Muslim 2%, none 16% |
|(2001) |
|Literacy rate: 99% (2003 est.) |
|Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $1.266 trillion; |
|per capita $38,400. Real growth rate: 2.7%. Inflation: |
|2.1%. Unemployment: 6%. Arable land: 5%. Agriculture: |
|wheat, barley, oilseed, tobacco, fruits, vegetables; |
|dairy products; forest products; fish. Labor force: 16.3|
|million (Dec. 2005); agriculture 2%, manufacturing 14%, |
|construction 5%, services 75%, other 3% (2004). |
|Industries: transportation equipment, chemicals, |
|processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood |
|and paper products, fish products, petroleum and natural|
|gas. Natural resources: iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, |
|gold, lead, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, |
|timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, |
|hydropower. Exports: $364.8 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): |
|motor vehicles and parts, industrial machinery, |
|aircraft, telecommunications equipment; chemicals, |
|plastics, fertilizers; wood pulp, timber, crude |
|petroleum, natural gas, electricity, aluminum. Imports: |
|$317.7 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): machinery and |
|equipment, motor vehicles and parts, crude oil, |
|chemicals, electricity, durable consumer goods. Major |
|trading partners: U.S., Japan, UK, China, Mexico (2004).|
|Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: |
|19,950,900 (2003); mobile cellular: 13,221,800 (2003). |
|Radio broadcast stations: AM 245, FM 582, shortwave 6 |
|(2004). Television broadcast stations: 80 (plus many |
|repeaters) (199...

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