Essays /

Canada Who Essay

Essay preview

The Containment and Treatment of Noma and The Prequalification of Drugs

Topic A: The Containment and Treatment of Noma

Topic Description The country of Canada is deeply concerned about the deadly disease, Noma, and would like to provide a solution. Noma is an infection that inhabits the face and slowly eats away at the flesh and bones around the mouth. The people most susceptible of this disease are children under the age of six, usually brought upon by poor living conditions, and improper health/oral care. Usually, the infected people have had illnesses prior in their life, such as measles, cancer, or immunodeficiency. The poverty of individuals results in malnutrition and contaminated sources of water that leads to the infection. Noma usually begins with ulcers, then soon after the lips begin to feel swollen. Within a few days the disease eats away at the flesh until a scab forms. Once the scab falls off, the end result is a gaping hole in the infected persons’ face. There is approximately a 90% mortality rate for noma. If caught early, however, it is possible for it to be treated by mild antibiotics and rehabilitation. It is estimated that 140, 000 new cases of Noma are reported a year (WHO statistic) and only 10% of the infected survive. Long term effects of survivors include permanent facial contortion, as well as facial disability. In addition, plastic surgery may be required to reconstruct facial bones and improve usage of the mouth and jaw. The primary region that noma affects

the most is sub-saharan africa. Canada is committed to targeting these particular areas of the world and improving the situation.

Past UN action Although the UN has not addressed the issue of noma specifically, they have addressed the overall education and health issues of the world, including oral health. WHO's Global School Health Initiative, launched in 1995, sought to mobilize and strengthen health promotion and education activities at many levels. Such an initiative could be beneficial for noma by providing education of sanitary conditions in rural and undeveloped areas. In the World Oral Health Report in 2003, the global oral health program formulated policies and the necessary actions to be taken regarding oral health. Their strategy was to integrate oral health and disease prevention into chronic disease and health because the two are intertwined, and would help increase the people’s response. At the world health assembly in 2007, WHO acknowledged oral health as a severe issue and stated that they have been working on spreading awareness for the last five years. They came up with a global policy for oral health in which the two main governance bodies of WHO came together (the World Health Assembly and the Executive Board). In this policy, they agreed on an action plan to integrate oral health and disease, providing the basis for future oral programmes.

Delegation Policy The delegation of Canada fully supports the containment and treatment of Noma, and will work with the other members of WHO to aid the current situation. Canada can feasibly finance part of the methods to aide Noma. However, because of our new conservative government, Canada’s foreign aid will not be as abundant as it has been in years past. Due to government cutbacks, Canada will be cutting back on foreign aid. However, the reductions since 2011 will cause Canadian aid to focus on fewer countries, rather than providing financial aid to many at once (Canada’s ODA, official department assistance). Some disagreement has ensued following Canada’s decision to provide aid for middle income economies, rather than one’s in more rural areas, such as sub saharan africa. Though our aid, as of 2012, remains unfocused, Canada is determined to build up the ODA to a strength in which it is capable of providing aid not only in a focused way, bu...

Read more

Keywords

000 02 1 10 140 15 17 1995 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2011 2012 2013 280 3 364 4 400 5 700 8 90 9448 abund access acknowledg action activ acut ad addit address adopt affect africa age agenc agre aid aids/hiv aim alertnet almost along alreadi also altern although alway amount analyt answer antibiot antimalari antiretrovir antituberculosi anyon app approxim area areas.canada argument around articl asia aspect assembl assess assessor assist associ assur author avail awar away b back bank base basi basic begin believ benefici benefit better bioequival board bodi boil bone born brought build bulk came canada canadian cancer cannot capabl care carri case caught caus child children choic choos chose chronic cipla circumvolut cite claim class clinic come commit committe communiti compani compli complianc comprehens concern concret condit conduct confid conflict conjunct conscious conserv consid contain contamin contend contort contract contribut control corp cost could countri cours cover creat critic cure current cut cutback data day de de-list dead deal debrework decis deepli deleg demonstr denmark depart deputi descript desper detail determin develop diagnos diarrhoea dire direct director disabl disagr disagre disburs diseas district donat done donor download driven drug drugs/manufacturers due earli earlier eat ebook ebookbrowse.com economi editori educ effect efficaci effici effort elig elimin end enforc ensu ensur environ equal essenti establish estim etc ethic euro european evalu even evid exampl execut exhibit exist expand expens expert extens face facet facial fact fail fall feasibl featur feel fewer fight filter financ financi finish firm first five flaw flesh focus follow foreign form former formul found foundat franc free full fulli function fund futur gape get give global gmp go goal good govern grant group grow guid guinea harm health health/oral healthcar healthi help high highest hire hiv/aid hiv/aids hole hospit host howev human humanitarian hundr hurt idea ignor ill immedi immens immunodefici imparti implement import improp improv in-vivo incept includ incom increas independ individu infect influenza inform ingredi inhabit initi inspect inspector instanc instil integr interest intern intertwin ipad issu jan jaw knowledg laboratori lancet larg last later launch lead leadership less lessen level life life-sav lifestyl light like limit link lip list littl live local long luxembourg made main maintain major majorimpact make malaria malnutrit manag mani manufactur may measl measur medicin meet member mere method micro microfin middl might mild mobil money moreov mortal mouth much multilater multipl must n.d n.p nation necessari need needi neglect netherland new newslett nod noma non non-compli norway number nutrit obvious oda oecd offici olexandr one open opposit oral organ origin otherwis overal overview paper parent part particular partnership past patient pdf peac peopl per perman person pharmaceut pig pilot plan plan.as plant plastic play polici polishchuk poor popul posit possibl pound poverti practic pre pre-qualif precaut prepar prequalif prequalifi present prevent primari primarili principl prior prioriti procedur process procur produc product profession program programm project prolifer promot propaganda proper propos prove provid public purchas puriti purpos put qsm qualif qualiti quality-assur quality-driven question rang rank rate rather ration readi reason receiv recent recogn reconstruct reduc reduct refer regard region regul regulatori rehabilit relev remain remiss report reproduct requir research resolut resolv resourc resource-limit respond respons rest result right role roll run rural safe safeguard safeti saharan said sanitari satisfi save say scab scale school scientif screen secur see seen send sens sent serious set sever short show sign signific similar sinc site situat six slowli small solut solv son/daughter soon sought sourc south special specif specifi spread stabil standard start state statist status stop strategi strength strengthen stricken studi sub sub-saharan submit sum supervis supplement suppli support suppress surgeri surviv survivor suscept sweden switzerland swollen system tackl take taken target tb team term test therefor thing think third though thousand thrive thus today togeth tool top topic train treat treatment trial tropic tuberculosi tuberculosis.from two ulcer ultim un unaid undevelop unfocus unfpa unicef union unit upon usa usag use usual util vaccin verif vivo vol volum volunt warn water way wealthi web well well-b widespread within without word work world worldwid would www.unicef.org year zewdi zinc ziniar