Essays /

Canadian Politics Aboriginal Politics In Canada Essay

Essay preview

"Aboriginal peoples have achieved considerable clarity and compromise in devising twentieth-century means of expressing their shared wishes to continue to live as Aboriginal people, with adequate political and economic arrangements."(Bickerton, p. 443) Native people have fought and struggled for a very long time to attain representative rights that are important to their survival as a collectivity. Since the implementation of the White Paper in 1969, the Aboriginal people have fought long and hard over the past thirty years to secure the interests that are important to them. This dispute has resulted in strife and disharmony within Canadian society and has not been an easy task for the Aboriginal people to overcome. It has been a continuous conflict and a long and winding road, however the Aboriginal people have made significant political gains in Canada during recent decades.

"Thirty years ago, the federal government published a White Paper on Indian Policy that assumed the irrelevance of the founding treaties and argued for an end to any distinctions between Indians and other Canadian citizens."(Abele, p.252) Needless to say, after this report was published the Aboriginal people were not content with its proposals and pursued it in a very negative way. The fact that the government made clear that it would not accept Aboriginal rights claims and that there should be no special relationship between Aboriginal people and the rest of Canada made them very angry. Equality was something that imposed on their existence as a distinct people and culture.

"After this White Paper was issued the National Indian Brotherhood immediately responded with a statement declaring that "...the policy proposals put forward by the Minister of Indian Affairs are not acceptable to the Indian people of Canada...We view this as a policy designed to divest us of our aboriginal, residual and statutory rights. If we accept this policy and in the process lose our rights and our lands, we become willing partners in cultural genocide. This we cannot do." "(Frideres, p.125) This response towards the White Paper posed as the initial force that would open the eyes of the Aboriginal people and help them see that they had to fight in order to sustain their appropriate and justified rights. This struggle that had to be defeated in order to gain what was rightfully theirs, brought about various social movements and Native Organizations. These new organizations knew that in order to attain their objectives they had to work together as one unit, for the purpose of preserving their common culture and language. They began to speak out about their life long struggle and question what roles they should possess in Canadian society. The years of political struggle came to an end with this overwhelming response that came about as a result of the White Paper. This response can be seen as a new insight that provided the basis under which the Aboriginal people would begin to seek the recognition that they have never received in Canada.

Several social movements and Native Organizations evolved after the implementation of the White Paper in 1969. These organizations called for a significant change in the Aboriginal people's position in Canada as compared to that of non-Aboriginal people. "The release of the White Paper triggered the rise of national and provincial organizations as advocates in the arena of high politics. Their role was reinforced through the process of constitutional patriation and conflicts over land and resource development. Some of the more influential organizations that developed were the National Indian Broth...

Read more

Keywords

-31 000 1 16 1969 1977 1982 1983 1985 1987 1999 2 3 35 37 443 abel abl abolit aborigin accept accomplish accord account achiev acknowledg acquir across act adapt address adequ adher advanc advoc affair affect affirm agenda ago agre agreement aim allow alon also although alway amend angri anoth anymor appropri april arena argu argument arrang articul assembl assimil assum attain attempt attend away back band base basi battl beacon becam becom began begin behalf benefici betray bickerton big bill bitter bna bottom breakthrough brotherhood brought build bureaucraci c call came canada canada-aborigin canadian cannot caus central centuri chang charlottetown charter children citizen claim clariti class clear close closur co co-resid collect come committe common communiti compar complet compromis concept concern confer conflict consid consider constitut content context continu contribut control could council counter counter-argu counterpart countri crash creat creation cultur day deal dealt debat decad decis declar defeat degre demonstr denounc depart deserv design determin develop devis diand differ direct discoveri discrimin discuss disharmoni disput distinct divers divest divis dream earli easi econom effort elector emerg emphas enact encompass encroach end engag entrench equal essay establish estim even event evid evolv exact execut exercis exist explicit express extens eye fact fail failur fear feasibl feder feel felt fight final first five focus follow forc forev form formal forth forum forward fought found foundat four freedom frider frideret fulli function futur gain gave genocid get give given glacial glad go goal got govern group guid happen hard healthier heard held help high histori hold hope hous howev hundr idea ignor immedi impact implement import impos includ increas inde indian individu influenti initi insight interest interfer intergovernment introduc inuit invit irrelev issu itc judici june jurisdict justifi knew ladder laid lake land languag lanken last latest lead leader least legal legisl let level life like link live lobbi local long lose lost made main make maker manag mandel mani marri marriag matter mcrobert mean meech meet membership merit meti minim minist most movement much mulroney nation nativ near need needless negat neglect negoti never new next non non-aborigin non-indian northern northwest notabl notion number numer nunavut object occur occurr offend offici one open opportun opposit option order organ orient origin overcom overt overwhelm p p.121 p.122 p.125 p.222 p.230 p.252 p.261 p.262 p.265 p.266 p.267 p.271 p.348 p.354 p.355 p.356 p.451 p.46 p.96 pace paper partner passag past patriat pave penner peopl place pleas polici polit pose posit possess possibl potenti poverti power present preserv primari principl probabl problem proceed process program promot propos prospect protect prove provid provinci provis publish purpos pursu put quebec question quit rather real realiti reappli receiv recent recogn recognit reduct reflect regain regard regist reinforc relationship releas relev remain remark remov report repres repudi request reserv resid residu resist resourc respect respond respons rest restor result retain revolt right rise road role round rug satisfi saw say scope seat second section secur see seek seem seen self self-determin self-govern seventi sever sexual share shift signific similar simpli sinc situat slid smith social societi someth sought sovereign sovereignti speak special sphere stand statement status statutori step still stori strife strive strong structur struggl submit success support surviv sustain tabl tapirisat task term territori think third thirti threaten three throughout time togeth took toward tradit transpir treati tremend tri trigger twentieth twentieth-centuri two unit upon us valu various version vicissitud view visibl vital voic want watch way well white whose will wind wish within without women work would write written year