Essays /

Canadian Wwii Battles Revised 2015 Essay

Essay preview

World War II:
Canada’s Role

Recap: The War Begins…
• When did WWII
break out?

• What was Hitler’s

last action before
Britain and France
declared war?

• What tactic did

Hitler use? Why
was it effective?

Enter Canada…
• How did Canada’s entry
to WWII differ than its
entry to WWI?

• What new law allowed

Canada to make her own

• Prime Minister Mackenzie

King was prepared to
send roughly 40 000
troops and anticipated a
role as the main supplier
of food and war materials
for Britain

The House of Commons on
September 7, 1939, the
first day of the special
session in which Canada's
Parliament decided to
declare war on Germany.
Canada declared war on
Sept. 10, 1939

Phoney War…. Then War!
• Sept. 1939 – May 1940called “phoney war”:
due to lack of any
military operation or
attack by either side….
• THEN in 1940, Hitler’s
modern army overran
Denmark, Norway,
Belgium, Luxembourg
and the Netherlands.
Soon, Hitler turned his
attention to France.

The Miracle of Dunkirk

• Thousands of British troops raced across the English Channel to defend

France. A contingent of Canadian soldiers remained in Britain to defend against the expected German invasion.
• Despite Britain’s effort, the Germans advanced rapidly into France leaving both British and French troops trapped.
• In May, 1940, British troops had to be evacuated from the seaport town of Dunkirk on the French coast.
• 300 000 soldiers were rescued by boats of all sizes- in addition to the British destroyers, a makeshift fleet of sightseeing boats, river ferries, fishing boats and privately owned crafts sailed across the British Channel to return the stranded troops safely back to Britain.

• Despite the “miracle” it was a terrible defeat, much of the heavy British war equipment had to be abandoned and
France fell in six weeks.

The Move to Centre
• QUESTION: How would Hitler’s
successes in Europe change
Canada’s role in war?

• Canada’s role in WWII evolved
to the centre stage:

-convoys became a vital lifeline
to the survival of Britain
-more Canadian troops sent to
-Canadian increased wartime
industries such as food, guns,
munitions, supplies and armed

Battle of Britain
• Hitler planned to invade Britain by Sept 1940, code named “Operation Sea •

Lion” but Britain had a major line of defense = surrounded by water, thus he need to defeat the superb British Navy and Royal Air Force (RAF) July 10, 1940 – Germans attack British ships in the English Channel starting the Battle of Britain

By mid-Aug, nearly 2000 German Luftwaffe swarmed the skies (RAF was half the size of the Luftwaffe)
Britain was under relentless attacks, and Germans were successful in destroying airfields and supply factories
Aug 24, 1094- two night-flying Luftwaffe pilots got lost on a mission over the Thames River and released their bombs to lighten their aircraft and then turned for home = they accidentally bombed central London! Churchill ordered bombing raids on Berlin in reprisal

This massive air campaign is known as “the Blitz” (Blitzkrieg means “lightening war” in German) which was meant to disable and demoralize British
BUT Britain did not break, they survived largely due to new radar technology, thus with no signs of weakening, Hitler turned elsewhere….Russia

The Russian Front
• On August 23rd, 1939,

Stalin and Hitler signed
a “Non-Aggression Pact”
which vowed not to
interfere in each other’s

• On June 22nd, 1941,

Germany invaded the
Soviet Union

The Eastern Front
• Operation “...

Read more


-20 -2460 -29 /watch? 000 02 1 10 1074 1094 10th 11 110 12 14 140 14th 15 150 15am 15th 16 177 17th 18 1939 1940 1940called 1941 1942 1943 19431944 1944 1945 19th 2 2.5 20 2000 2012 2015 22nd 23rd 24 2nd 3 300 30th 359 4 40 4th 5 5.5 500 5000 5th 6 60 6000 6th 7 70 7600 7th 8 80 873 9 907 abandon accident across action addit adopt advanc africa age aggress agre air aircraft airfield airforc airplan alli allow almost along altern american amongst ancient angloamerican anticip antitank antwerp april ardenn area argu arizona arm armi armour around arriv artilleri assault asset atlant atom attack attempt attent attribut aug august author autumn aviat await away b back bad barbarian barbarossa barricad base battl battleship beach becam becom began begin behind belgian belgium believ berlin better blast blitz blitzkrieg blockad boat bodi bomb bombard bomber bond boy braun break bridg bring britain british broke broken build built bulg burn busi calai calgari call campaign canada canadian cancer cannot captur carrier casualti centr central chairman chang channel chief children choic chosen christma churchil citi civilian clear clip close coast coastal code codenam cold collaps combin come commit common complet compound con conceal concentr concern concret conduct connect conqueror consist contin conting continu contribut control convent convoy corp corps cost could countri cours craft crippl critic d damag dark date day de dead death decemb decid decis declar defeat defenc defend defens demor denmark design desper despit destroy devast dictat die diepp differ difficult diplomat direct disabl display divid dock done drive drop due dunkirk e earli east eastern effect effort either element elsewher embargo emperor encircl encrypt end enemi english enter entri equip essenti estim estuari etc ethic europ eva evacu even everi evolv expans expect explod export exposur extens face factori fall fashion fat favour fdr fear feb februari feel fell ferri fight final financi fire first fish five flash flatten fleet fleme fli follow food foothold forc forest formal forward fought four franc franklin french front froze fuel gave general geographi german german-occupi germani get give given go goal gold gone got govern great greatest ground group gun half halt hang harbor harbour harri harsh hast head heavi heavili help high hirohito hiroshima histori hitler hold home homeland honour hour hous house-tohouse-liter huski ian ignor ii ill immin immor improv includ incom increas indochina industri ineurop inevit inform injuri inland instead intellig intend interfer intern invad invas involv iron itali italian jame januari japan japanes joint jubile juli june juno justifi kill kilometr king knew known lack laid land larg last late later launch law lct leahi least leav led left let leukemia liber lifelin lift light lighten line link lion liter littl live local locat london lone long long-term longer loss lost low luftwaff luxembourg machin mackenzi main mainland major make makeshift malnutrit man mani marri marshal massiv materi maxim may mean meant memori metr mid mid-aug militari million min mine minefield minist minut miracl miss mission mistress modern moral morn moscow mountain mousehol move much munit mussolini must nagasaki name narrow naval navi nazi near nearbi need negoti netherland new next nicknam night night-fli non non-aggress noon normandi north north-western northern northwest norway nov novel nuclear object obstacl obvious occup occupi occur octob offens offic oil old omaha open oper order ortona overlord overran own pacif pact parachut paratroop parliament part pas payload peac pearl pebbl peninsula peopl phoney pillbox pilot pincer place plan plane plant plung poison polish popul port possess power prepar presid pressur prevent prime prior prison privat pro pro-al produc professor progerman prohibit prolong propos pros public pull purpos pursu push put question quick race radar radiat raf raid rapid reach readi recap receiv reduc refus regiment region reichstag reinforc releas relentless remain remov repris rescu research reserv reson resourc result retreat return reveal reveng revis rhrv2qhara risk river role rome roosevelt rough royal rubbl russia russian safe sail sailor sank saw schedlt scheldt scrap screen sea seaport second secret sector secur seen semi semi-mountain send sent separ sept septemb seri session sever ship shore show sicili sick side sightse sign signific simul simultan sinc site situat six size sky small smoke soldier soon southern soviet special spoke staff stage stalin stalingrad standard start starvat state steel still stop strand strateg strategi street strict string struck stuck subsequ success suffer suicid superb superior suppli supplier support suppos surpris surrend surround surviv swarm sword system tactic take taken takeov tank target task taught technolog tell term terrain terribl territori test thame thick think third thousand three thus tide time togeth tohous toll took town trap trauma tri trick troop truman turn two u.s u.s.s uncondit underwat uneth union unit unjustifi upsid us usa use usher ussr utah v v-e ve ve-day victori victory-ineurop vital vow wall want war warfar warn wartim washington water wave way weaken wealth weapon week west western will william win winston winter withdrew within women won world worth would wouldn wound wwi wwii yes zukhov