In 2012, 120,710 new cases of cancer were diagnosed in Australia; hence, it is a National Health Priority Area (NHPA) in Australia. Cancer is a term used for diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and are able to invade other tissues. Within cancer, there are two types of tumours; benign which means there is no threat of spreading, and malignant; meaning the spread is not controlled. The three main types of cancer in Australia are; * Lung cancer - 11,280 cases in 2012.
* Skin cancer - 12,510 cases in 2012
* Breast cancer - 14,680 cases in 2012
The reasons for cancer being classified as an NHPA are; social justice principals, priority population groups, prevalence of the condition, costs to the individual and community and potential for prevention and early intervention.
Social Justice Principles and Priority Population Groups
Social justice principles involve the rights, participation and access of individuals and groups in order to minimise the inequity found within different population groups. The priority population groups in Australian society suffer from inequities such as lack of access to resources and information due to factors like isolation and remoteness. The priority population groups in Australia are; Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders (ATSI), elderly, disabled, socioeconomically disadvantaged, rural/remote population and the overseas born Australian citizens.
In Australia, the ATSI, overseas born, and socioeconomically disadvantaged population are the groups in which cancer is most common. Cancer is the third leading cause of death for the ATSI ...