Essays /

Cancer As A Nhp Essay

Essay preview

In 2012, 120,710 new cases of cancer were diagnosed in Australia; hence, it is a National Health Priority Area (NHPA) in Australia. Cancer is a term used for diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and are able to invade other tissues. Within cancer, there are two types of tumours; benign which means there is no threat of spreading, and malignant; meaning the spread is not controlled. The three main types of cancer in Australia are; * Lung cancer - 11,280 cases in 2012.

* Skin cancer - 12,510 cases in 2012
* Breast cancer - 14,680 cases in 2012
The reasons for cancer being classified as an NHPA are; social justice principals, priority population groups, prevalence of the condition, costs to the individual and community and potential for prevention and early intervention.

Social Justice Principles and Priority Population Groups

Social justice principles involve the rights, participation and access of individuals and groups in order to minimise the inequity found within different population groups. The priority population groups in Australian society suffer from inequities such as lack of access to resources and information due to factors like isolation and remoteness. The priority population groups in Australia are; Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders (ATSI), elderly, disabled, socioeconomically disadvantaged, rural/remote population and the overseas born Australian citizens.

In Australia, the ATSI, overseas born, and socioeconomically disadvantaged population are the groups in which cancer is most common. Cancer is the third leading cause of death for the ATSI ...

Read more

Keywords

-2010 10 11 117 12 120 14 14.8 1991 2001 2009 2010 2012 22 280 3 3.8 37 4.3 42 5 5.2 510 680 710 72 844 abl abnorm aborigin access account ad advertis advertising/education affect afford age alcohol allow also amongst amount anoth appoint area around associ atsi attribut australia australian avail averag avoid awar barrier becom benign better biggest billion born breakdown breast campaign cancer cannot canteen case caus cautious cell chanc chang check checkup chemic chemotherapi choic citizen class classic classifi clear colorect combin common communiti conclus condit confid consequ consid consumpt control cope cost could creat cure danger day death defin despit detect develop diagnos die diet differ direct disabl disadvantag diseas divid dollar drink due earli earn easili eat educ elder emot enforc english environ environment everi exampl excess exercis expenditur exposur facil factor famili fast femal fill financi first fit food forc form found fresh fulli general genet get good govern gp greater group habit hat hazard health healthi healthier help henc high higher histori hope hospit imag immers impact in-direct includ increas indirect individu inequ inform instal intervent introduc invad involv island isol justic killer lack languag lead less life lifestyl like limit link list live loss lung main maintain make male malign mammogram may meal mean medic men method migrant mind minimis modifi mortal mother nation need new nhp nhpa non non-english normal number nutrit occup offer often one order organis outsid oversea particip partner patient pdphe peopl per place play popul posit potenti pre pre-prepar predisposit prepar present preval prevent previous primari princip principl prioriti product program protect public quit rate rather reason receiv recruit reduc reflect regular relat relationship remot research resourc retrain right risk rule run rural/remote safe say scheme school second skin slap slip slop smoke social societi socioeconom speak specialist spent spread staff stage state statist strain strait student subject suffer sun sunscreen sydney symptom system take teacher tend term test therefor these third threat three throughout thus time tissu tobacco today torr total treat treatment treatment/recovery trend tri tumour tv two type unabl unawar understand unhealthi up upon use various way weak wear weight welfar well whilst within without women workplac