Essays /

Cancer Causes And Prevention Essay

Essay preview

INTRODUCTION
Around 1 in 2 American men and 1 in 3 American women will be diagnosed with cancer in their lifetime (American Cancer Society, 2013, p. 1) , and over 500,000 die each year from various forms. (American Cancer Society, 2013, p. 1) In 2013, an estimated 1,660,290 new cases of cancer will be diagnosed. While cancer is currently incurable, there are ways to lower your risk of developing cancer through good nutrition, and lifestyle choices.

CAUSES
What we think of as “cancer” is actually a collection of diseases, each affecting different organs in different ways, although the primary indicator is malignant growths. Cancer begins when a cell mutates and begins to grow abnormally into a tumor. This tumor can metastasize and spread to other regions of the body, and eventually the body’s innate defenses can no longer fight the disease.

Cancer can be caused by a variety of factors. Many cancers have a genetic component; around 5% of all cancers are “strongly hereditary, in that an inherited genetic alteration confers a very high risk of developing one or more specific types of cancer.” (American Cancer Society, 2013, p. 1) Carcinogenic substances can cause cancer if a person comes into contact with them. Some examples of these substances are the chemical benzene, the mineral asbestos, and physical objects like x-rays and ultraviolet light. (American Cancer Society, 2013, p. 47) The chemicals in cancer are well known to cause cancer; “smoking accounts for at least 30% of all cancer deaths and 87% of lung cancer deaths...

Read more

Keywords

-628 000 1 119 12th 14 150 154 168 2 20 200 2011 2013 238 25 257 258 290 3 30 328 33 35 379 40 401 449 45 450 452 458 46 47 5 500 626 627 63 660 75 87 abl abnorm account acid activ actual ad adult affect alcohol alkylresorcinol also alter although american anim anoth antioxid appl around asbesto ate atlanta avoid begin believ belmont benefit benzen best beta beta-caroten black bodi breast broccoli butter c ca calcium cancer carcinogen caroten carotenoid case caus cell certain chanc chang chemic chocol choic circul cite collect colon colorect combin come compar complic compon concentr conclus confer consum consumpt contact contribut control correl could countri current death decreas defens degen develop diabet diagnos diagnosi die diet dietari differ difficult diseas dna due e eat ed effect elimin endometri energi entir environ environment esophag estim estrogen even eventu everyth exampl excess exercis exposur fact factor fat femal fiber fight figur folat food form found fresh fruit ga garlic gene general genet get go good grain grape green grill grow growth head health healthi heart heavi help hereditari high higher howev hydrogen hypertens import improv inact inc incid includ inclus increas incur indic inherit inhibit innat instanc insulin insulin-lik intak intens interact introduct involv isoflavon isothiocyan keep key kidney killer know known lack larg laryng lean least less level life lifestyl lifetim light lignan like link liver long longer low lower lung maintain major make malign mani matter may meat mediterranean men metabol metastas methyl miner minut mitig moder moderate-intens monoterpen mouth mutat neck need never new nutrient nutrit obes object occur one organ overweight p pancreat particular peopl percent person pharyng physic phytic phytochem plant play pollut poor popul pp practic preserv prevent previous primari priorit product promot prostat protect protein radiat rais rate ray recommend rectal reduc region regular relat reoccur reproduct resveratrol right risk role rolf saponin satur scientist seem signific silenc sinc smoke societi sourc soy soybean specif spread stabl stay still stroke strong substanc surviv system tannin tea thing think thought throat thus tissu tobacco tumor two type ultim ultraviolet unavoid understand underweight us use varieti various veget vegetarian vigor vigorous-intens vitamin w wadsworth way week weight well whether whole whole-grain women work wrong x x-ray year