Cancer: Silent Killer
Wynne Michael David S. Gogo
Ms. Katrina Q. Sundo
Cancer nowadays is very widespread.
But what is cancer?
Cancer, known medically as a malignant neoplasm, is a large group of different diseases, all involving unregulated cell growth. In cancer, cells divide and grow uncontrollably, forming malignant tumors, and invade nearby parts of the body. The cancer may also spread to more distant parts of the body through the lymphatic system or bloodstream. Not all tumors are cancerous. Benign tumors do not grow uncontrollably, do not invade neighboring tissues, and do not spread throughout the body.
There are many different kinds of cancers. Cancer can develop in almost any organ or tissue, such as the lung, colon, breast, skin, bones, or nerve tissue. It is caused by the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. Our daily lifestyle is one of the risk factors why malignant cells grow. Drinking excess alcohol, excessive sunlight exposure and obesity are some of the bad habits we practice.
Cancer can be dangerous to human health. Symptoms of this disease depend on the type and location of the cancer. A patient diagnosed with cancer suffers different symptoms like coughing, shortness of breath, diarrhea, constipation, and blood in the stool. Expect chills, fatigue, fever, loss of appetite, and weight loss. Cancer can be detected early using different apparatus and tests like MRI scan, CT scan, Complete Blood Count (CBC) and Biopsy. The earlier we detect cancer, the lesser symptoms we’ll experience and the chance to cure this disease before it spread all over our body.
Statement of the Problem
Many of us today face this notorious disease. It is considered as silent-killer according to many doctors and cancer specialists. Most cancer patients are unaware of the things happening in their body. Cancer has destructed many lives. One great evidence is that Lung Cancer ranked seventh with a total of 1,387,121 deaths in the World’s Cause of Death by WorldLifeExpectancy. It is very expensive to cure and treatments for different carcinomas are limited. In the years to come, increasing numbers of people will live with their cancer rather than die of it.
Who are affected? The people who are diagnosed with this kind of disease suffers most. They will undergo various forms of symptoms. Their daily lives will be affected by the different treatments and therapy. Having hard time to eat, having sore throat and nausea are some of the indications. Spending too much is also a problem when it comes to treatments and tests like Chemotherapies, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, CT Scans and Radiation Therapy.
Many tried but few have survived. We must prevent cancer, because until now Scientists are still struggling to discover effective cure for it. Seek for early signs and symptoms of cancer to have medications ahead. Have a healthy lifestyle is a best way to prevent malignant cells to develop.
Purpose of the Study
The main purpose why I wrote this case study is to help cancer patients. Helping them by giving hope and strength while struggling for survival. I want to expound their faith that they will be healed. It is also one of my main purposes to help them on how to face and accept this challenge in their lives. Telling them never to give up the fight and just keep holding on.
Second purpose is that I want to bring information and knowledge about cancer to the community. I want to answer some of their questions about this topic. To let them know what is the nature of this disease and what are its symptoms. By this case study they’ll know how cancer cells develop and what are the factors affecting it.
Lastly, I want to give them some ways and tips on how to prevent cancer. To give them some of the examples of therapies and treatments given to a patient diagnosed with cancer. I want to give them ways like eating a balanced diet, lesser alcohol intake, being aware of electromagnetic fields and ionizing radiation, and being physically active to prevent this type of disease.
Reviews of Related Literature
According to Olivia Newton-John “My cancer scare changed my life. I'm grateful for every new, healthy day I have. It has helped me prioritize my life.”
According to Joel Siegel “What cancer does is, it forces you to focus, to prioritize, and you learn what's important. I mean, I don't sweat the small stuff. I used to get angry at cab drivers. It's not worth it.... And when somebody says you have cancer, you realize it's all small stuff. And if it weren't for the downside, everyone would want to have it. But there is a downside.”
According to Melissa Bank “During chemo, you're more tired than you've ever been. It's like a cloud passing over the sun, and suddenly you're out. But you also find that you're stronger than you've ever been. You're clear. Your mortality is at optimal distance, not up so close that it obscures everything else, but close enough to give you depth perception. Previously, it has taken you weeks, months, or years to discover the meaning of an experience. Now it's instantaneous.”
I used survey method by giving them some questionnaires and tried to ask some patients having cancer. I gave them some questions and let them answer the questionnaire. After that I had an actual interview with some of the patients.
I. Biographic data
Name: Beth Gomez
Address: Jones Avenue, Cebu City 6000 Cebu City, Cebu
Age: 45years old
Religious Affiliation: Roman Catholic
Marital status: Married
Occupation: Public Accountant
Attending physician: Eva Irene D. Yu-Maglonzo
II. Nursing History
a. Past Health History
According to her “In August 2008, I went to see a colorectal doctor for a GI problem I was having. Although it was a separate health issue, I mentioned to my doctor that I had been having a little bit of blood in my stool. I also let him know...