THESIS STATEMENT: Discovering Candaba is all about digging up their captivating history, learning their sumptuous culinary, rejoicing their exceptional festivals, and finding out about remarkable people who came from their beautiful town. I. There were different versions of the etymology of Candaba. A. Some researchers discovered that the town got its name from the place “Candawe”. B. Another school of thought said that the name Candaba rooted from the Kapampangan words “Cang” and “Daba” C. A group of historians insisted that Candaba was formerly known as “Kandaue” II. History
A. Candaba may have been the earliest and oldest settlement in the entire Kapampangan homeland. B. Colonial
1. The coming of the Spaniards in Candaba paved the way for its townspeople to show their braveness and love for their land. 2. The arrival of the Americans in the town of Candaba was beneficial to the townspeople. a. Education was introduced.
b. Public health was improved.
c. Agriculture was further enhanced.
d. There was alternations and development in the local administration of the town. C. The little town of Candaba was not far behind to suffer the drastic changes brought by the arrival of the Japanese soldiers. III. Culture
A. The Candaba’s preserved literature showcased the imaginative and creative minds of the Candabeños. 1. “Ing Ari Ning Camatayan” was a story about a couple trying to outwit the King of Death. 2. “Ing Siwala Ning Balen” was the first newspaper written in the vernacular. B. Other arts
1. The legendary architectural sites of Candaba reflect its colorful history. a. The house of Capitan Segundo Aguilar housed the first Monopoly of Tobacco. b. The Arnedo Dike was constructed to protect the town from heavy flood. c. In 1914, the first theatre was built to cater to the demands of the public for more recreation. d. By 1924, Mr. Jacinto Germino opened the first Ice and Electric Plant. e. Candaba was famous for its suspension bridge which is dubbed a mini San Francisco Bridge. f. The town also brags the century-old Spanish mansions with relic and antiques. g. The San Andres Apostol Parish constructed in 1975 was the 2nd oldest parish in Pampanga. h. The Entrance of Santa Catalina Church displays the precious piedra de China. 2. The Candabeños also have games and amusements for their leisure activities. 3. Candaba is well-known for its “burung isda” (pickled fish). C. The most-celebrated event of Candaba is the Ibon-Ebon festival honoring St. Nicolas de Tolentio. D. 90% of the population of Candaba is Catholics.
E. The Candabeños have beliefs and traditions that are unique, distinct and specific in every aspect of life. IV. Livelihood
a. With its rich and fertile lands, Candaba is one of the major producers of rice, fruits and vegetables in Luzon. b. The booming Koi Industry signals a positive advancement in the town of Candaba. V. Candaba, with its famous sites, has attracted many tourists to visit them. VI. Candaba also produced personalities who became famous in the field of arts and culture, and even in the radio, television and movie industry. Demographics
The town of Candaba lies at latitude 15º05 and longitude 120º49. Its boundaries are Arayat and Cabio (Tarlac) to the north, San Miguel and San Ildefonso (Bulacan) to the East, Baliwag (Bulacan) to the south and San Luis and Sta. Ana to the west. Its total land area is 171,694 hectares with a population of 95,589 people in 15,541 households.
Candaba under a type I climate has two distinct seasons: dry and wet. The rainy or wet season normally starts in May and runs through October, while the dry season is from November through March of the following year. During the months July to August, the temperature is between 25.8 degrees Celsius, the months of January to February are the coldest. Etymology of Candaba
The town obtained its name from “Candawe”, which is the name given to a place where the first church in Candaba was built. “Candawe” being a unfamiliar word to the Spaniards and gave them difficulty to pronounce, was altered to “Candava” which later on evolved in its present shape: “Candaba”.
Another school of thought, based on teaching and stories disseminated by word of mouth through the years, trails the etymology of the word “Candaba” from “Cang Daba” or Brother Daba, (Daba is a term used for a big earthen jar). During the earlier time, it was believed that every out-of-towner buying the famed “buru” (pickled fish) were almost habitually referred to Cang Daba (the town of Candaba is famous for their “burung isda”). The town, later on, came to be called Candaba.
Another historian argued that Candaba may have originally been called “Kandaua” where “daua” was in ancient times a large earthen vessel used to catch water. The Spaniards originally wrote the name of the town as “Candava” where the letter “v” was supposed to be read as “w” instead of “b”. Candaba becomes exactly like a” daua” during the rainy season. Population
The population of Candaba are scattered in its 33 barangays regionally designated Poblacion, Riverside, Kapampangan, and Tagalog regions: Bahay Pare, Bambang, Barangca, Barit, Buas (Pob.), Cuayang Bugtong, Dalayap, Dulong Ilog, Gulap, Lanang, Lourdes, Magumbali, Mandasig, Mandili, Mangga, Mapaniqui, Paligui, Pangclara, Pansinao, Paralaya (Pob.), Pasig, Pescadores (Pob.), Pulong Gubat, Pulong Palazan, Salapungan, San Agustin (Pob.), Santo Rosario, Tagulod, Talang, Tenejero, Vizal San Pablo, Vizal Santo Cristo, and Vizal Santo Niño. Ironically, Candaba is divided into two regions: the Kapampangan region whose inhabitants use Pampango (Kapampangan) as their daily lingua franca even in school as a medium of speech and the Tagalog region mostly located on the boundaries of Bulacan province’s municipalities, Kapampangan is rarely used by the majority of the populace, especially the younger generation who prefer to use the national language as their medium of speech when communicating with each other. Pre-colonial
Inia ngeni kng Kandaua, Meging ilug at pinak na, Iti ing sadiang karinan na, Niti ning Bunduk Alaya.
A verse from the kuriru above recounts how the sun god Apung Sinukuan, who in his manifestation as Carguen-cargon, created the 30,000 hectare Pinak when he transferred Bunduk Alaya from Candaba to the close at hand town of Arayat. The residents believed that Candaba is as prehistoric as the gods depicted in the kuriru. Candaba may have been the earliest and oldest settlement in the entire Kapampangan homeland. Primeval terrestrial direction-finding distinguishes only two directions - paralaya or “going to Bunduk Alaya” and paraua (paroba) or “going to daua or Kandaua” - suggesting that in the beginning, there was only Bunduk Alaya and Candaba. Furthermore, the oldest archaeological relic ever found in the area was a 5000 year old stone tool used for building boats. Thousands of pottery shards dated before the subsistence of trade with China is spotted all over. Spanish Occupation
In the year 1593, the Spanish Infantry arrived in the town, headed by Teniente Mas. No sooner had they stayed here when an uprising occurred. Saturday being a market day, the Tagalog Insurrectos, took advantage of this day and mobbed the town at six o’clock in the morning. There was an exchange of shots and one insurgent was killed. At this juncture, all the rest fled. The Spanish soldiers ran after them, mistaking the people in the swamp for rebels, fired at them indiscriminately killing an old deaf man. This was the beginning of a series of trouble between the Spaniards and the townspeople backed by the rebels.
After this incident, the Spanish soldiers came and stayed in the church convent. Captain Buenaventura resigned from his post through fear of the Insurrectos. Teniente Mayor Santiago Cordero succeeded him. Through the latter’s diplomacy, he was able to paddle along fine with them.
Simultaneously with these happenings, was the killing of Andres Bonifacio and the continued killings of the Katipuneros sympathizing with the former. The same regrettable thing happened on this town. People from different baragays of Candaba, who were suspected to be members of the Katipuneros, were killed by the Spaniards. Some of these unfortunates were the gollowing: Pedro Muldong, Domingo Manalastas, Segundo Mangilit, Pedro Vinuya and Cornelio Suba. The insurrectos raided the town and raided the houses of Spanish officials. Nobody was killed in this attempt though Spaniard soldiers, from their head quarters, shoot at random towards the street.
The tension was steadied only when the signing of the Biac na Bato happened. But the death mortality of Candaba was still high because of the different illness that covered the town. Sickness like chicken pox and cholera spread in the town. Fortunately, this made some Spaniards flee the country because they feared acquiring these sicknesses. American Occupation
The Americans arrived with gentleness and lightness. Their unvarying good humor dispersed any fear and uneasiness in the minds of the townspeople naturally plagued an already distress public. It was a bit of a shock that there was an immediate the attachment between the Americans and the Candabeños. During the Americans’ invasion, surprisingly, the town breathed with freedom and this casted a bright and hopeful future.
Agriculture improves as farm lands became once more busy; business was surprisingly fast in recovering from its slumber; while other industries came to life along with the construction of roads. Prosperity, which prevailed the pre-Spanish times once more filled the air, more schools were established as public education was being introduced and public health was enhanced. Behind this lulling peace and vivid progress appeared a speck of haze – the agrarian trouble. Before the coming of World War II, a series of alternating quarrels between landlords and tenants occurred, thus the emergence of organizations like proprietor’s League ...