Humor, Satire, Popular Fiction
Ms. Nadaskay the Great
IV: Voltaire, in his novella Candide, sought to point out Leibniz's theory of optimism and the hardships brought on by the resulting inaction toward the evils of the world. The systematic optimism shown by Leibniz is the philosophical system that believed everything already was for the best, no matter how terrible it seemed. In this satire, Voltaire showed the world full of natural disasters and brutality. Voltaire also used contrast in the personalities of the characters to convey the message that Leibniz's philosophy should not be dealt with any seriousness.
Throughout the novella Voltaire criticizes Leibniz's theory of optimism. To get his point, Voltaire created the character Dr. Pangloss, an unconditional follower of Leibniz's philosophy. Voltaire shows this early in the novella by stating, "He proved admirably t...