Essays /

Candide Summary Essay

Essay preview

POT 3054 Research Paper
Voltaire’s Candide
Voltaire begins the climactic, satirical journey of Candide by first stating where he originates, the castle of Baron Thunder-ten-tronckh (Voltaire 1). This absurd name can be seen as Voltaire taking aim at the ridiculous names of lords, dukes, etc. he has come across. Not only is it an unnecessarily long name, but a humorous one to pronounce. The Baron is also said to have established an unreasonable seventy-one heraldic quarterings due to his family tree having been destroyed by the ravages of time (Voltaire 1). Voltaire is once again making fun of the foolish things royalty takes pride in such as the markings on a shield. The Baroness is revealed as weighing a steep 350 pounds, resulting in her enjoying a large measure of public esteem (Voltaire 1). The satire is evident here with the large Baroness commanding a large amount of respect from the public. Weight was clearly an issue amongst royalty during Voltaire’s time as they were not afraid to divulge in an unhealthy lifestyle. The teachings of the castle’s philosopher Pangloss is defined as metaphysico-theologico-cosmo-codology (Voltaire 2). Just as with the name of the Baron, the abundance of titles and fields studied for philosophers is the center of Voltaire’s satire now. With this title, Pangloss encompasses all fields of study and is able to know the answer to any question asked of him. Voltaire paints Pangloss as a deductive thinker throughout the story which opposes Voltaire’s inductive way of thinking. As a result of Pangloss being seen as the greatest philosopher in the province, he is subsequently seen as the greatest in the world (Voltaire 2). Arrogance is confessed in this mindset of whatever is the best locally must be nothing short of being the best in the world. This mindset of local superiority can still be found today.

Candide is soon chased from the Baron’s castle because of an act of adultery committed with his daughter Cunegonde (Voltaire 3). This is seen as unacceptable because of the difference in social status between the two. More often in that time, class was seen as a divider amongst the people as royalty must marry with royalty. Cunegonde can be translated into brave war, foreshadowing events to come. An additional obnoxious name for a town is announced when Candide makes his way into Walderberghoff-trarbk-dikdorff (Voltaire 3). This satirical name being even more humorous with its greater length. Once in town, Candide somehow finds himself being taken against his will, imprisoned, and tortured by a regiment called the Bulgars. He is eventually saved from execution by King of the Bulgars and thus forced to join in a battle against the King of the Abars in which he did his best to hide (Voltaire 5). The aftermath is portrayed as grotesque butchery of women and children covered in blood and dismembered. Unlike Candide...

Read more


1 11 14 17 2 21 26 28 29 3 3054 350 36 38 44 5 50 6 7 87 9 90 92 abar abl absurd abund accept accomplish across act action actual adam addit address adulteri adventur advertis afraid aftermath afterward agricultur aid aim air along also among amongst amount anim announc anoth answer anti anti-semit antonym anybodi anymor anyon anyway approv arm arriv arrog asid ask assault assign assum atheist attack attempt authent auto auto-da-f avail awar bacon baptiz barbar baro baron base battl beauti becam becom beg begin belief believ belov benign best blood bodi book bother brave brother bucket bueno bulgar buri burn busi butcheri butt buttock cacambo call callous came camp candid captain captur careless carrier castl castrat caus centaur center chain chang charact chariti chase cheer child children choic choos christian church citi citizen class clear climact close codolog come command commit common companion compel complet conclus confess confront confus consequ constant consum contagi continu corps cosmo could countless cover creatur crew crime critic cross crowd cruel cruelti cunegond currenc cut d da danger daughter day dead dealt death debaucheri decid deduct defin desir despit destini destroy devour die differ dikdorff disagr discret diseas disgust dismemb displeas dispos disregard distress disturb divid divulg domin drawn due duke earthquak eat educ either eldorado emphasi encompass encount end endless endur engulf enjoy enough enslav equal essenti establish esteem etc europ even event eventu everi everyon evid evil exact excel except excit execut exhibit exist explain expos extens extrem fact factor factori fall fals famili faun favor fe fece feel fellow fernando field figueora final find first flee follow foolish forc foreshadow found free front fulfil full fun futil general genuin give go god godpar goe governor great greater greatest greed greedi grief grotesqu ground grown gullibl half half-nak hand harm head heap heart held help herald hide hit hold holi holland hometown hope horrif hospit hous human humor hygien hypocrisi ibaraa ideal ideolog immens import imprison inanim includ indiffer induct infatu infect infinit inhabit inhuman inquisitor instead intend intent interpret intimid intoler irrelev issu jacqu jail jesuit jew job join journey joy keep key kill kind king know known labor lampourdo land larg last later law lead leav left leg lend length less lie life lifestyl like lisbon littl live local long lord lot love lover low made main make man mani manner mark marmara marri mascaren master materi math mayhem mean measur meet member men mental mere metaphysico metaphysico-theologico-cosmo-codolog mind mindset miser miseri miss mistress mock moment monkey mouth much murder music must mythic nake name natur need negro never new next nobil nobodi non non-factor none noth nowher object obnoxi obtain obvious occur often old one open opinion opportun oppos opposit option orat order origin other overboard owner paint pangloss paper paquett part pass path pay peac peopl perfect perpetr persecut persian person philosoph physic place play point pointless polit pope portray possibl pot pound preach prevent previous pride priest princ prison problem proceed proclaim produc product progress pronounc properti provid provinc public pure put quarter question quit rape rapid ravag real realiti realiz realli reason recal reciproc recit recollect refer refus regiment relat religi religion remors remov repres request research respect result return reveal rich ridicul ritual royalti rubbish rubbish-heap run sacrif sadist said sailor satir save saw say scene scienc sea see seem seen semit sens servant set seven seventi seventy-on shallow share sheer shield ship shock shore short shot show shown sieg simpli sinc sing sister six slave slaveri smallpox social societi sold soldier somehow someon someth son song soon souza spanish spew stanc standard starv state status stay steep still stori storm strang stranger strike studi stumbl stupid subject subsequ suffer summari sung superior surpris take taken tale taught teach tell ten test theologico thing think thinker thought thousand threaten three throughout throw thunder thunder-ten-tronckh thus time titl today torment tortur toss touch toward town tragedi translat transylvania trarbk treasur treat treatment tree tronckh true turn twist two ugli unaccept unbeliev unfortun unhealthi unlik unnecessarili unreason upon valu verbal view violat visibl voic voltair walderberghoff walderberghoff-trarbk-dikdorff want war warfar warrant watch way weigh weight went wept whatev whenev wife within without woman women work world wors worst would y year yet