Should governments interfere with the population's fertility?
Like in every household, there’s the head of the family that guides and maintains stability in the family, looks after the food , clothing, shelter ..etc, the same way, governments look after their countries to maintain political, social and economic stability, but all of this depends on how healthy the population is, be it a developing or a developed country. One such aspect that has taken a serious toll in many countries , is the population’s growth. In this paper, what will be discussed is why do governments interfere with the population's fertility and what do the governments do in order to reach their set goal.
Why do government interfere with the growth of the population?
The sole purpose for Governments to interfere with the population's fertility is to control the growth of population because there is limited amount of resources. In order to do so, governments introduce polices to either slow down their population growth and discourage births or encourage births in a declining populations. There are many reasons for high fertility rates which in turn leads to overpopulation; Lack of access to contraceptives, children to care for parents in old age, for agricultural purposes as in farming, having children to duplicate ideas and lifestyles, a status symbol (sign of virility), lack of education, lack of control over their own fertility and the last one, religious beliefs and traditional customs. When it comes to countries with a declining population, there are many reasons as why this happens; very poor environmental conditions, raising children in expensive countries, mainly developed countries where the standard of living is high and so the number of births are reduced, when parents lose their jobs due to economic recession there are fewer births, high status of women who like to be independent, access to family planning (contraceptives) etc.
The different techniques of interference depends on the ...