Essays /

7 How Have Australian Governments Responded Essay

Essay preview

4. How has war shaped Australia in the twentieth century?
Australia has been shaped through war since soldiers set to the First World War right up until the now with the war in Afghanistan. Aspects that made it controversial ideas from being a colony of Britain and the politics that came with it, development of treaties with other countries, social groups, and family honour. Being that Australia was apart of the British monarchy Australia sent many thousands of troops to fight for Britain during the First World War between 1914 and 1918. Thousands lost their lives at Gallipoli, on the Turkish coast and many more in France. Both Australian victories and losses on World War I battlefields contribute significantly to Australia's national identity. By war's end, over 60,000 Australians had died during the conflict and 160,000 were wounded, a high proportion of the 330,000 who had fought overseas. [1] By the time the Second World War came around Britain’s grip was not as tight but their image of being the mother country had was still in the background. But the war tactics had been slightly changed because the countries became more mobile with advancements in technology meaning that planes could fly further and we know this because of the Bombing of Darwin and Pearl Harbour. Submarine technology was perfected this is shown by the sinking of the Kuttabul in Sydney Harbour in 1942. In the Philippines Australian soldiers were under an American General MacArthur. Not long after the Second World War the cold war started and soon after the Vietnam War broke out by this time Australia was flowing the way of America granted that we still looked to England for advice on if they were doing it right. The Menzies Government despatched the first small contingent of Australian military training personnel to aid South Vietnam in 1962, so beginning Australia's decade long involve in the Vietnam War. Ngo Dinh Diem, the leader of the government in South Vietnam, had requested security assistance from the US and its allies. The Australian government supported the commitment as part of global effort to stem the spread of communism in Europe and Asia. [2] There were some people that were against the war in Vietnam but one stands out like poet A.D. Hope he writes “Linger not stranger, shed no tear; Go back to those who sent us here We are the young the drafted out To wars their Folly Brought about. Go tell those old men safe in bed. We took their orders and are dead” [3] This meant that as long as the leaders of the country was safe it didn’t matter what the soldiers were doing. During the height of the Cold War, the Australian “Communist Party (ACP) seemed to achieve the impossible. I in September 1949, at a time when the party was heavily besieged and almost completely isolated after its disastrous involvement in the 1949 coal strike, the readership of its biweekly national paper, Tribune, soared. A rapid increase of sales was reportedan extra two hundred per issue were required on the Sydney waterfront alone and the prospect of a Daily Tribune was once again seriously considered. The Reason for this curious anomaly was the intense interest generated by a Tribune 'exclusive'. It ran for twelve issues throughout August and September. It was billed simply as 'The Dobson Story'.” [4] This meant that to some at the time that to cold war and communism were in Australia already and that they for all they had done that they had failed because there was a political group

The development of treaties such as the Australia, New Zealand, United States Security Treaty (ANZUS) and the South East Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), made it easier for Austral...

Read more


-01 -03 -04 -09 -11 -12 -14 -185 -1911 -1964 -1973 -2005 -6 /aboriginalculture/history/referendum-1967.html /atwar/ww1.asp /ourland/land_rights_act/land_rights_act.html /p-c_s-14_u-120_t-328_c-1126/what-was-assimilation-/nsw/what-was-assimilation-/changing-rights-and-freedoms-aboriginal-people/stealing-a-generation-asssimilation- /primeministers/gorton/. /wiki /wiki/reconciliation_(ethnic_relations) /wiki/white_australia_policy 000 1 108 1310 16 160 164 1855 1900s 1901 1912 1914 1918 1930s 1942 1946 1949 1950 1950s 1951 1954 1955 1960 1960s 1962 1965 1967 1969 1970 1973 1975 1976 1984 1997 2 2000 2002 2003 2005 2010 2011 2012 21 28 3 306 323 330 4 426 495 5 6 60 7 70s 75 8 9 a.d ab abandon aborigin absorb academ accept achiev acp act activ addit adopt advanc advic afghanistan age aid alli allianc allow almost alon alreadi also although america american analysi anomali anoth ansti anti anti-rac anti-war anyth anzus apart apolog appli area arm around asia aspect assimil assimilation assist associ attack attitud auckland august australia australian author autonomi awar away back background barri base basi battlefield bbecaus becam becom bed began begin behind believ besieg better betti big bill biographi biweek bomb book book4 border boy breed britain britannica british broke brook brother brought cambodia came campaign case ceas centuri chair chang children china choos citi citizen citizenship claim clue coal coast cochran cold coloni colonis colour come command commiss commit common commonwealth communism communist communiti complet complex compris compuls conclud confer confirm conflict conquer conscienti conscript conserv consid constitut content conting contribut control controversi correct could count countri creat creation criteria cruel cultur culture/group cultures/ideas curious daili danger darwin dead death debat debt decad decemb decis deeri defenc definit delimit desir despatch destroy determin develop didn die diem differ difficult dilut dinh diplomaci disastr disciplin discrimin discuss dismantl dismiss disput diver dobson doesn done draft earli easier east echidna econom effort either elect els elsewher empir enact encompass encourag encyclopaedia encyclopedia end england english enorm entail equal especi ethnic europ even event eventu except exclus expect experi extern extra fact fail famili father feder fight final find first fit five fli flow folli follow forc foreign form fought found franc fraser freedom freeli frequent full gain gallipoli gather gave general generat geneva genocid get give given global go gorton got govern governor governor-gener grandson grant gregori gribbl grip group grow handl harbour heavili height high histor histori home homogen honour hope hostil howev hundr idea ident illegitimaci imag immigr impact imposs includ incorpor increas incred independ india indigen individu indochina ineffect influenc inquiri instead integr intellectu intens intent interact interest interfer intern interpret intervent introduc involv ireland isn isol issu john join joint june justic key king know known korea kuttabul labor land lao laps larg large-scal later law leader learn leav led legal legitim level life like linger listen live local long longer look loss lost ltd m macarthur made maga major make malcolm manag mani mate matter may mcgowan mcphee mean meant melbourn member membership memori men menzi met migrat militari miller minist mistak mobil momentum monarchi moreov mother move movement multicultur nation navi need neither nelson never new ngo nice nineteenth non non-whit normat north northern nuclear nuclear-arm nuclear-pow nz objector oblig occup offici often old one opposit order organ origin outcom outrag overarch oversea overt p p.135 p.66 p.66-87 pact paper parliament part parti particular past pay pearl pemberton penguin peopl per perfect period perman personnel peter philippin phillip plan plane play pms poet polici polit popul popular port possibl postcoloni power pp practic prefer present previous prime principl print prior process progress promin proport prospect protect protest protestor protocol provid psycholog put queensland question race racial racial-ethn racism racist ran rapid rational readership readi realis realli reason recept recommend reconcili reduc refer referendum reform region reintroduc relat remain remark rememb repeal replac reportedan request requir reserv residenti respond respons restrict retriev return ride right ron royal rule safe sale saw say scale scare school seato sebastian second secur seem seen segreg self self-determin send sent separ septemb serious serv servic set settl settler shane shape shed sheppard ship shown side sign signific simpli sinc sink slight slow small soar social societi sociolog soldier son soon south sovereignti soviet specif spend spread stage stand start state statecraft statement status stem still stolen stori stranger stratif strike strong studi style subject submarin support surround sydney tactic take taken teach tear technolog tell term territori theoret theori though thousand three three-way throughout tight time timelin took tough toward town tradit train treat treati tri tribun troop trust turkish twelv twenti twentieth twenty-f two u.s understood uniform union unit unterberg upon us vagu varieti various vic victori vietnam view visit volum vote wa want war waterfront watson way weekend well western whether white whitlam won wonder woodward work world would wouldn wound write written wwi wwii year yes yet young zealand