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1931 National Government Essay Essay

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“The National Government won the 1931 general election due to the popularity of their policies” To what extent do you agree? (45marks)

The 1931 general election was held following a series of crises both economic and political. The success of the national government at this election was due to culmination of different factors. The policies of the national government were important as they drew in support but the general public were looking for more than policies to convince them to vote, they wanted guidance during such a turbulent time and therefore other factors such as the weaknesses of the other political parties and the extenuating circumstances both internally and externally also affected the way the public voted in the 1931 election. The policies of the national government were better than any other single parties policies, therefore they did appeal to the nation more so than any other party. In 1931 there was no improvement in the economic situation and there was a real danger the government would not be able to balance its budget. Facing serious difficulties, the government was forced to make hard choices. As a newly formed national government the policies were new and one of the key ideas was to introduce tariffs on goods coming into the country to raise revenue and protect British industry from competition. The downside of this was that it might lead other countries to do the same, making it harder for British industries to export. In addition to this introduction of tariffs the national government looked into a 20 per cent cut in unemployment benefit. The government had been able to create policies which would be less painful to the average household and this was supported by the general public and contributed towards the national government success in the 1931 general election. The policies introduced by the national government were a culmination of the different political parties which when put together appeared to appeal to more people and looked somewhat more favourable than those suggested by the previous Labour government that had recently resigned from government. On September 10th Philip Snowden announced the first national budget of the national government, which included a 10% pay cut to unemployment benefit, increases in taxation and £...

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