Essays /

Government Essay

Essay preview

Education played a significant role in ancient Greek life since the founding of the poleis till the Hellenistic and Roman periods. From its origins in the Homeric and the aristocratic tradition, Greek education was vastly "democratized" in the 5th century BC, influenced by theSophists, Plato and Isocrates. In the Hellenistic period, education in a gymnasium was considered an inextricable prerequisite for participation in the Greek culture. There were two forms of education in ancient Greece: formal and informal. Formal education was attained through attendance to a public school or was provided by a hired tutor. Informal education was provided by an unpaid teacher, and occurred in a non-public setting. Education was an essential component of a person’s identity in ancient Greece, and the type of education a person received was based strongly in one’s social class, the culture of one’s polis, and the opinion of one’s culture on what education should include. Formal Greek education was primarily for men, and was, in general, not offered to slaves, manual laborers, or women in some poleis, laws were passed to prohibit the education of slaves. A young girl would receive an informal education from her mother and would be taught how to maintain a household to serve her father and, later in life, her husband. Women’s roles included managing the household, raising children, preparing food, and making textiles. One exception to this was in Sparta, where women were expected to run the polis while the men were away at war. Women in Sparta also received a formal physical education. Greek education focused heavily on training the entire person, which included education of the mind, body, and imagination. The specific purposes of Greek education differed from polis to polis. The Spartans placed a high emphasis on military training, while the Athenians traditionally gave more attention to music, literature, dance, and later also to the natural sciences, such as biology and chemistry, as well as philosophy, rhetoric, and sophistry-the art of presenting an argument using deception and reason to persuade the public to agree with a certain point of view. The Spartans also taught music and dance, but with the purpose of enhancing their manoeuvrabili...

Read more


1 420 5survived 5th 6th 7th abandon abil abl academ accomplish act addit adult advanc afford age agog agre alcibiad alcman allegi allow almost also anaxagora ancient annual appear approxim argument aristocrat around art astronomi athen athenian attain attend attent avail away babi barrack barracks-unit base basic battl bc becam becom began begin believ belong biolog birth board bodi boot born boy build camp caught centuri certain chemistri child children citizen class clazomena cloth come commit common compet competit complet compon consid continu control controversi conven convict could council count counterpart courag cours cover cowardic cultur custodi danc death decept defect defenc defend democrat desir destroy develop devot differ diminish direct disadvantag disciplin disciplined-not discov discus disobedi domin draw earli earlier eat educ effect effici effort eighteen either elder elea elementari eli emphasi encourag end endeavor endur enhanc enter entir entiti epheb especi essenti etch eventu examin except exercis expect experienc exposur extent extrem famili father felt femal fifth fight finish first fit five flute focus follow food footrac forag forc forgotten form formal found fourteen futur gain gave general geometri girl given good govern grace graduat greec greek group grown guidanc gymnasium gymnast hand harp harsher health healthiest heavili hellenist helot help heraea high hire home homer household howev hunger hunt husband ident imagin import improv inabl includ indestruct individu inextric influenc inform instruct instructor instrument intellectu intent isocr javelin join kept key kill knowledg known labor last later law leader learn leav led letter life like link literatur littl live lower lyre maintain major make male man manag maneuv mani manoeuvr manual master member memor men mention meteorolog mid might militari mind minim minimum mock modern money moral mother move much murder music natur necess necessari new next non non-publ non-stop obtain occur offer offici often old one onto opinion option order organ origin paidotrib parent part particip pass pay pedagogu peer peopl perform pericl period perman person persuad petit phalanx phase philosoph philosophi physic place plan plato play pledg poet poetri point polei poli polit poor post post-elementari post-secondari practic prais prepar prerequisit present primarili privat produc product prohibit promin provid public punish purpos pursu pursuit rais read readi real reason receiv recit refer reform regard regular reject remov reput requir respect respons revolv rhetor role roman rule run saw school scienc secondari seen send sent sentenc serv servic set seven sever sign signific sinc sing skill slave sleep social societi soldier solon sometim son sophist sophistri sophistry-th sparta spartan speak specif sport stage stamina state steal stop strength stress strict strong structur student stylus subject success supervis syllabl system taught teach teacher test textil themistocl thesophist throughout throw thus till time titl total toward trade tradit train traine travel trivial turn tutor twelv twenti two type unabl unit unlik unpaid upon upper use valu vast view vocat war wax wax-cov weak wealthi weapon well whole within without women word work would wrestl write year young zeno