PHILIPPINE HISTORY & GOVERNMENT
CRITICAL THINKING ANSWERS
So, Tiffany Ciriaco Sir Rolance Chua
1. Before the coming of the Spaniards in 16th century, economic activities were already taking place in the islands. The Pre-Hispanic settlers of the archipelago were economically self-sufficient. In agriculture, it is believe that the Banaue Rice Terraces may have been built which proves the early Filipinos’ skills in agriculture. Agriculture was the main source of livelihood in the pre-colonial Philippines there was an abundance of sugar cane, coconut, rice, cotton, hemp, and many species of fruits and vegetables. Fishing, due to the country’s long coastline and bodies of water, the early settlers always had an abundant catch of fishes, crustaceans, shrimps and shells. They used pointed spears, cages and fishnets in fishing. Lumbering, Shipbuilding and Seafaring, when the Spaniards arrived they found the early Filipinos’ ship to be of excellent quality. Weaving, native Filipinos weaved using fibers from abaca, pineapple, cotton, and bark cloth. Clothes, rugs, and hats were weaved. Baskets were also weaved and used as vessels of transport, storage, and for hunting. Domestic trade existed among the barangays and the islands. The Filipinos foreign trade was with China, Japan, Thailand, Borneo, and other islands of old Malaysia. Now, in modern time – agriculture is still the main source of livelihood, but because of the r...