Civil Liberties | Freedoms guaranteed to individuals |
Civil rights | Powers or privileges guaranteed to individuals and protected from arbitrary removal at the hands of government or individuals. | Establishment clause | The first clause in the First Amendment, which prevents the government from interfering with the exercise of religion. | Free- exercise clause | the second clause of the 1st Amendment; prohibits the U.S. government from interfering with a citizen's right to practice his or her religion | Strict scrutiny | A standard used by the Supreme Court in deciding whether a law or policy is to be adjudged constitutional or not | Free-expression clause | The press and speech clauses of the 1st Amendment. | Prior restraint | Censorship before publication |
Clear and present danger test | a means by which the Supreme Court has distinguished between speech as the advocacy of ideas,...