American National Government
1. Religion, Speech, assembly, and politics- Congress cannot set up an established, or official, church or religion for the nation. Congress may not abridge, or limit, the freedom to speak and write freely. The government may not censor, or review, books and newspapers before they are printed. This amendment also protects the right to assemble, or hold public meetings. 2. Militia and the right to bear arms- State militias, such as the National Guard, have the right to bear arms, or keep weapons. Courts have generally ruled that the government can regulate the ownership of guns by private citizens. 3. Quartering of Soldiers- The drafters of the Constitution, like many other colonists, were resentful of laws, in place before the Revolutionary War, that allowed British soldiers to take over private homes for their own use. 4. Search and Seizure- A search can mean everything from a frisking by a police officer to a blood test to a search of an individual’s home or car. A seizure occurs when the government takes control of an individual or something in his or her possession. 5. Grand juries, self-incrimination, double...