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Changes Under Colonial Government Essay

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Post Magallanic Expeditions: Page 1

1. Loaisa (1525) – 7 ships and 450 men Results: Failure – did not reach the Philippines death of Loaisa and co-captain Elcano in mid-ocean. 2. Cabot (1526) – 4 ships and 250 men
Results: Failure – did not find the Strait of Mgellan
3. Saavedra (1527) – 3 ships and 110 men
Results: Failure – reached Mindanao but failed to colonize, they just rescued the survivors of Loaisa’s expedition at Tidore, Moluccas 4. Villalobos (1542) – 6 ships 200 men
Results: Reached Mindanao but failed to colonize. He named Mindanao Ceasaria Caroli in honor of King Charles of Spain and he named the country Philippines in honor of King Phillip II of Spain. He died in Moluccas, comforted by St. Francis of Assissi – Apostles of the Indies 5. Legaspi (1564) – 4 ships 380 men Result: Successful colonization He reached Cebu in 1565 but was not able to land due to hostility of the natives, went to Limasawa and was received by the king, Bankaw, then to Bohol and made a blood compact with Rajah Sikatuna

The Conquest of the Swords and the Cross:
Spanish aims In coming to the Philippines:
1. to spread Christianity (God)
2. to seek economic wealth (gold)
3. to establish a global empire (glory/grandeur)

First group of religious missionaries
1. Augustinians 2. Franciscans 3. Dominicans 4. Recollects 5. Jesuits

April 27, 1565 – Legaspi conquered Cebu after a successful battle against Rajah Tupas. He founded the first Spanish settlement in the city and named it ‘The City of the Most Holy Name of Jesus.” The natives of Cebu were converted into Christianity.

1569 – Legaspi moved to Panay due to shortage of food in Cebu. In the same year, he conquered Masbate, Ticao, Burias and Bicol province

1570 – Legaspi sent his grandson Juan de Salcedo to conquer Mindoro. In the same year Martin de Goiti led and expedition to Manila and engaged Rajah Sulayman into a battle. Sulayman’s kingdom was engulfed in flames

1571- The second conquest of Manila by Legaspi. He was welcomed by Rajah Lakandula of Tondo. But, of Bambalito, a chieftain of Pampanga, defied the forces of Goiti in the Battle of Bankusay (the first battle of Manila Bay On June 24, 1571Legaspi founded the city of Manila and named it the “Distinguished and Ever...

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