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Changes Under Colonial Government Essay

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Post Magallanic Expeditions: Page 1

1. Loaisa (1525) – 7 ships and 450 men Results: Failure – did not reach the Philippines death of Loaisa and co-captain Elcano in mid-ocean. 2. Cabot (1526) – 4 ships and 250 men
Results: Failure – did not find the Strait of Mgellan
3. Saavedra (1527) – 3 ships and 110 men
Results: Failure – reached Mindanao but failed to colonize, they just rescued the survivors of Loaisa’s expedition at Tidore, Moluccas 4. Villalobos (1542) – 6 ships 200 men
Results: Reached Mindanao but failed to colonize. He named Mindanao Ceasaria Caroli in honor of King Charles of Spain and he named the country Philippines in honor of King Phillip II of Spain. He died in Moluccas, comforted by St. Francis of Assissi – Apostles of the Indies 5. Legaspi (1564) – 4 ships 380 men Result: Successful colonization He reached Cebu in 1565 but was not able to land due to hostility of the natives, went to Limasawa and was received by the king, Bankaw, then to Bohol and made a blood compact with Rajah Sikatuna

The Conquest of the Swords and the Cross:
Spanish aims In coming to the Philippines:
1. to spread Christianity (God)
2. to seek economic wealth (gold)
3. to establish a global empire (glory/grandeur)

First group of religious missionaries
1. Augustinians 2. Franciscans 3. Dominicans 4. Recollects 5. Jesuits

April 27, 1565 – Legaspi conquered Cebu after a successful battle against Rajah Tupas. He founded the first Spanish settlement in the city and named it ‘The City of the Most Holy Name of Jesus.” The natives of Cebu were converted into Christianity.

1569 – Legaspi moved to Panay due to shortage of food in Cebu. In the same year, he conquered Masbate, Ticao, Burias and Bicol province

1570 – Legaspi sent his grandson Juan de Salcedo to conquer Mindoro. In the same year Martin de Goiti led and expedition to Manila and engaged Rajah Sulayman into a battle. Sulayman’s kingdom was engulfed in flames

1571- The second conquest of Manila by Legaspi. He was welcomed by Rajah Lakandula of Tondo. But, of Bambalito, a chieftain of Pampanga, defied the forces of Goiti in the Battle of Bankusay (the first battle of Manila Bay On June 24, 1571Legaspi founded the city of Manila and named it the “Distinguished and Ever...

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Keywords

1 1.christianization 10 11 110 15 1525 1526 1527 1542 1564 1565 1569 1570 1571 1571legaspi 1572 1589 1591 1593 1596 1599 16 1611 1620 1632 1817 1821 1868 1884 1890 1892 2 2.adoption 20 200 24 250 27 3 380 4 40 450 5 6 60 7 8 9 abl abolish absenc abus acapulco acordado adelantado administ administr adonay age aim aim-to alcadia alcald alguacil alphabet also ambassador american amount annual anti anti-muslim antipolo apostl appeal appoint april aquino arc archbishop area armi art asia assign assissi assist associ assumpt ateneo attack audiencia audit august augustinian auto awit ayuntamiento azotea aztec b bad bagay bagongbanta bahay bambalito bamboo bankaw bankusay barong basco base batalan bato battl bay beaterio becam becom belen belong bicol black blood bodi bohol boleta bondag book bought boy breed bridg brought build buria c cabildo cabot call camisa capitan capitana captain car carlo caroli carri case catalina caus ceasaria cebu cedula celebr cenaculo census chang charit charl check chief chieftain children chino christian christiana church citi class clergi co co-captain co-parenthood cofradia colegio collect colleg colon coloni come comedia comedya comfort command commerc commod compact compadrazzo compani competit complaint compos compulsori concordia conquer conquest constabl construct control convert corregidor corregimiento cort council councillor countri court cross crown cruz cuisin cultur cumplas cut dagupan damian danc day de death defi degrad del derogatori devalu develop die direct distinguish divid doctrin doctrina domingo dominican drama drawn dress due duti décor ecclesiast econom educ effect eight elcano elect elementari empir enact encomendero encomienda end enemi engag engrav engulf enrich entrust envoy escribano escuela establish esteban etc even ever exact exampl exclus execut exempt expedit exploit factor fail failur falla famous fandango farm farmer farola fauna faustino felip fernando fiesta filibustero filipino find first flame flock flora follow food forc forest form found franca franci franciscan friar friend galleon gaspar general generat girl given global glory/grandeur go gobernadorcillo god goiti gold good govern governor grandson group guitar handl harp hat hate head heart higher hilario hispan holi honor hors hostil ignacio ii ildefonso imag implement incom independ indi indio individu indoctrin industri infrastructur inhabit inland institut instrument intercultur introduc introduct isabel jesuit jesus jose jota juan judg julian julio june kid kind king kingdom known korido kubo la labour lakandula land languag last latin law laymen leav led legaspi legisl lend lessen letran ley lieuten light like limasawa lingua literatur loaisa local low loyal luna made madrinan magallan make male manag mani manila marcelo mariano market marri martin masbat matter mayor mean member men merchant mexican mexico meztisa mgellan mid mid-ocean militari mindanao mindoro ministri missionari mixtur mode molucca money monopoli moro moro-moro move municip music muslim na nakpil name nation nativ natur naval nazaren neglect new nicola nino nuestra oblig obra ocean offic offici old one oppos organ orphan out-go outgo own page paid paint palaspa pampanga panay parenthood parol passion patron pay payabl pedro peopl perform person pertain peso phil philippin phillip pia piano piec pinpin plan polici polista polit polo post potenciana power practic presid price priesthood print privat produc product promot protect provinc public pueblo quilantang railway rajah reach real reason receiv recollect reduc regidor religi remind render repair replac repres represent requir rescu residencia resourc result return revolt reward rigodon rita ritual road rosa rosari rosario royal rule run rvm saavedra sailor salcedo sale san santissimo sayot scale school sculptor second secondari secretari seek self self-suffici sena sent serv servic set settlement ship shipyard shoe shortag sikatuna slipper social societi sold soldier soriano spain spanish spawn special spi spread sra st sta strait street suarez subsidi success suffici sulayman supervis suprem surnam survivor suspend sword symbol system tagalong tamper tax taxat teach telephon territori theater theocentr thoma tiang tibag ticao ticket tidor timber time togeth tondo took town trade transform tribut truli tsokol tupa two ultramar unit uniti unpacifi upper use ust valid valu vandala varga vassalag vessel vice vice-roy vigan villalobo villanueva virgin visitador want war wealth weigh welcom went west wife without word work world worsen would writer y year zarzuela