AP Government Vocabulary
1. Democracy: free and equal representation of people.
2. Direct Democracy: A democracy in which the power to govern lies directly in the hands of the people rather than being exercised through their representatives. 3. Direct Primary: a primary election in which the candidates who will seek office as nominees of a political party are chosen directly by popular vote. 4. Initiative: a means by which a petition signed by a certain minimum number of registered voters can force a public vote. 5. Referendum: a vote by the whole of an electorate on a specific question or questions put to it by a government or similar body. 6. Recall: A vote to remove someone from their political position. 7. Representative Democracy: a variety of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy. 8. Constitutional Democracy: a system of government based on popular sovereignty in which the structures, powers, and limits of government are set forth in a constitution. 9. Constitutionalism: government by constitution: the principles or practice of government regulated by a constitution. 10. Majority rule: control by majority: control of an organization or institution according to the wishes or votes of the majority of its members. 11. Plurality rule: the excess of votes received by the leading candidate, in an election in which there are three or more candidates, over those received by the next leading candidate. 12. Theocracy: government by a god or by priests.
13. Electoral college: a select body of people who elect somebody to an office on behalf of a larger group 14. Federalism: a political system in which several states or regions defer some powers. 15. Writ of mandamus: a judicial remedy in the form of an order from a superior court, to any government subordinate court, corporation, or public authority—to do (or forbear from doing) some specific act which that body is obliged under law to do (or refrain from doing). 16. Writ of Certiorari: an order a higher court issues in ...