The Legislative Branch is made up of the two houses of Congress—the Senate and the House of Representatives. The most important duty of The Legislative Branch is to make laws on a particular Bill, which are written, discussed, and voted on amongst Congress.
In the Senate there are 100 senators, two from each state. Senators are elected by their states and serve six-year terms. The Vice President of the United States is considered the head of the Senate, but does not vote in the Senate unless there is a tie. The Senate approves nominations made by the President to the Cabinet, the Supreme Court, federal courts and other posts. The Senate must ratify all treaties by a two-thirds vote.
The House of Representatives contains 435 representatives. The number of representatives each state gets is based on its population. According to Factmonster.com, “California has many more representatives than Rhode Island. When Census figures determine that the population of a state has changed significantly, the number of representatives in that state may shift proportionately. Representatives are elected by their states and serve two-year terms. The Speaker of the House, elected by the representatives, is considered the head of the House.”
The Senate and the House of Representatives share several functions. Both regulate interstate commerce, interstate communication, interstate transportation, the U.S. Mint, and the supply of money. Both also create courts and declare war on foreign countries.
House members represent a certain district in each state. This means that members will stay in touch with their local state government allowing them to connect citizens with what is going on in Washington. In doing so, House members will be more aware of ...