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Comparative Government Essay

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PAD 170



STUDENT ID: 2012895062
EMAIL: [email protected]

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious and the Most Merciful

Alhamdulillah, all praises to Allah for the strength and blessing in the process for completing this project. Special appreciation goes to my PAD170 lecturer, Mdm. Maisarah Saniah binti Mansor, for her supervision and constant support. Her invaluable suggestion and constructive comments had contributes to the succession for this project. Not forgotten, I would like to express my thankfulness to my course mates for their kindness and ideas throughout the progress in completing this task. All of those ideas and comments had helped me to check and balance my research thus help me to come out with new view. Special thanks to my beloved old and best friends, Mohd Azrin Adam, Mirza Hussien, Mohd Arafat Uyong, Azree Munir, Nazree Munir, Fariz Amirul Mohd Fauzi, Satriani Burhan, Sarimah Massa, Nurain Sakinah Latif, Nuraina Nabilah Roslan, Hafizatul Bazla Hj Ghani, Rodilah Ali and Radia Muammar for their support since the first step I took mainly in this course. Sincerely, my deepest gratitude goes to my beloved parents, Hj Bustam bin Daman and Dr Hjh Rosnah binti Dato’ Hj Sidek for their endless love, encouragement and prayers. Plus, I also thankful to my siblings, Mohd Redzuan, Mohd Saiful Bahri, Mohd Shahrul Ashraf, Nur Hidayah, Nur Hikmah Syuhadah and Nur Afifah Syafiqah for their help and critics of this project. Last but not least, I want to thank to those who directly nor indirectly contributed in this project. All of your kindness and help means a lot to me. May He bless you. Thank you.

Nur Ezzati binti Bustam, January 2013


Acknowledgement i
List of Contents ii
1.0 Introduction 1

2.0 Form of Government
2.1 Government in Malaysia
2.2 Government in United States

3.0 Legislative Body
4.1 Malaysia Legislative Body
4.2.1 Dewan Negara and Dewan Rakyat
4.2.2 Law-making Process in Malaysia
4.2 United States Legislative Body
3.2.1 House of Senate and House of Representative
3.2.2 Law-making Process in United States

4.0 Executive Body
5.3 Malaysia Executive Body
5.4.3 Prime Minister
5.4 United States Executive Body
5.5.4 President

5.0 Judiciary Body
6.5 Malaysia Judiciary Body
6.6 United States Judiciary Body

6.0 References
7.0 Appendices

Grandeur of civilization lies in the state administration itself. This is due to the better the administration, the greater the value of that civilization. As we refresh back in time during Mesopotamia Civilization, the greatness of its government during that day was depends on the ‘city-state’ or ‘acropolis’ concept in which the city had began to develop and form a country. The effective management and supervision of such government had lead to the formation of one wonders of the world, The Hanging Gardens of Babylon during Nebuchadnezzar’s reign. However, to form such great government, various aspects are touched including legislative, executive and judiciary body. Besides, to achieve a political stability, aspects of election and political parties are emphasised in such state. Since there are vary of political systems in each state, therefore comparison between two different countries is the best alternative to define similarities and differences, merits and demerits of each system. For this case study, United States is chosen to be compared with Malaysia in terms of politics and government. At a glance, Malaysia practices Constitutional Monarchy and Parliamentary Democracy System while in United States, Presidential System is implemented within the territory. In such condition, there are similarities found indirectly in terms of election process and so forth. For example, to form a government in Malaysia, the party must win 2/3 majority in a general election for every four years. It therefore follows the stage in democracy system same goes to United States. However, there is a distinction in term of power and authority. Since Malaysia practices Parliamentary system, so there is a diffusion of power in legislative and executive branches. While, all of government branches in United States are standing independently due to separation of power in its Presidential form. In terms of pol...

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