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American Government Terms Essay

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• Magna Carta
The Magna Carta was a document guaranteeing English political liberties • Mayflower Compact
An agreement to establish a government, entered into by the Pilgrims in the cabin of the Mayflower on November 11, 1620 • Common Sense
A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that called for the United States to declare independence from Britain immediately • Declaration of Independence
The proclamation made by the second American Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which asserted the freedom and independence of the 13 Colonies from Great Britain • Articles of Confederation

The first constitution of the 13 American states, adopted in 1781 and replaced in 1789 by the Constitution of the United States. • Constitution
The constitution written at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787 and subsequently ratified by the original thirteen states • Federalist Papers
The Federalist Papers are a series of 85 articles advocating the ratification of the United States Constitution. • Popular Sovereignty
The doctrine that sovereign power is vested in the people and that those chosen to govern, as trustees of such power, must exercise it in conformity with the general will. • Social contract

The voluntary agreement among individuals by which, according to any of various theories, as of Hobbes, Locke, or Rousseau, organized society is brought into being and invested with the right to secure mutual protection and welfare or to regulate the relations among its members. • Natural rights

Rights that people supposedly have under natural law. The Declaration of Independence of the United States lists life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness as natural rights. • Individual Rights

Rights to personal liberty established by the 13th and 14th Amendments to the U.S. constitution and certain Congressional acts, especially as applied to an individual or a minority group.

• Principles of democracy
! Fundamental worth 
2. Equality of all persons 
3. Majority ...

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