Essays /

Local Government Regulation Essay

Essay preview

Essay title: In what ways and to what effect did local government intervene to ameliorate the adverse effects of industrialisation on the populations of towns and cities?

Towns and Cities in the nineteenth century grew extremely quickly as vast numbers of people congregated in urban environment’s which were created as a response to rapid industrialisation, this developed problems such as poor public health. The problems that became apparent had to be dealt with and this gave rise to local governments being set up to deal with these adverse effects. The effectiveness of the local government organisations can be demonstrated through looking at different towns and cities across Europe during this time of rapid industrialisation. I. Maver argues that the Glasgow Corporation was kept in prime efficiency by an array of experts who were the best in their fields; this suggests that the local government in Glasgow was working effectively to ameliorate the adverse effects of industrialisation.Whereas, A. Lees argues that the local governing elite in Hamburg effectively neglected the city’s population to focus on improving trade and commerce within the city. The main cities that will be used to demonstrate the contrasts in the effectiveness of local government’s attempts to address the adverse effects of industrialisation are: Glasgow which was largely effective in governing the population, Hamburg where the population was largely neglected by the local governing elites, Munich which can be used as a classic example of a well managed city and finally, Manchester whereby the local government tried to deal with the effects of industrialisation but ultimately failed. Despite all these cities playing a role as examples of the effectiveness of local government’s attempts to ameliorate the adverse effects of industrialisation, it will become clear that each city or town must be taken as an individual case and the effectiveness of the local government in dealing with the problems associated with industrialisation varied in different towns and cities in the nineteenth century.

Glasgow is an example of a city that responded reasonably well to the adverse effects of industrialisation on the population. For example, H. Fraser argues that in Glasgow in the 1860s and 1870s local government felt that it was essential that the populace was encouraged to wash to eradicate the contamination of the slums. In addition, the council in Glasgow made much of the fact that per capita the consumption of water was twice that of any English city. Therefore, this demonstrates the fact that the local governing body of Glasgow was essentially focused on improving conditions within the city and ensuring that the inhabitants of the city kept the highest possible standards of cleanliness to prevent the spread of disease. Furthermore, the officials employed by the Glasgow Corporation to run the gas and water supplies were far more advanc...

Read more


-1873 -1914 -1930 000 1 10 1000 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 1715 1750 1820 1860s 1868 1870s 1879 1880s 1890 1892 1950s 1993 2 2000 2001 2007 3 3.54 4 5 6 7 7.7 8 9 abil abl accord account across actual addit address adequ advanc advers affect air aldershot allow also ambit amelior appar area argu aris array associ assum assur attempt author avail bacteria balanc bank basi bath becam becom believ best beyond bibliographi bodi breath britain broad brought built cambridg came capita care case caus centr central centuri charact chemist chimney cholera citi claim classic clean cleanli clear combat commerc commit compet concern conclus condit congreg consequ consumpt contamin contrast control corpor could council countri creat cultur day deal dealt death decid declin demonstr depart despit detriment develop die differ discuss diseas dispos disput dramat due e ed edit edwardian effect effici effort elit emphasis employ encourag england english enjoy ensur enterpris environ envis epidem erad essay essenti establish europ european evid exampl exert experi expert expon extent extrem face facil fact fail far far-sight favour felt field fight filtrat final first focus found fraser fresh fundament furthermor gas gave germani give glasgow govern great greeneri grew grow h hamburg hard harsh health health-giv healthi healthiest hierarchi high highest highlight histori hous howev hygien hygienist ibid illustr imag impact implement impress improv includ indic individu industrialis industrialisation.whereas ineffect ineffici inhabit instead institut intent interest interven intervent invest issu j joseph keep kept l l.h lack landscap larg larger last lead leadership lee lessen life limit local london look lung made main major make manag manchest mani maver max measur meller modern moreov morri mosley much munich must need neglect nineteenth number offici one open organis other overal owe p145 p15 p262 p36 p37 p61 p73 p82 park part pay peopl per period pettenkoff pioneer place plant play polit pollut poor popul populac posit possibl precis prevent prime privat problem process prove provid public pure purer quarter quick quit r rapid rather realiti reason reduc refus regul resolv respiratori respond respons result rise rival rodger role run sanit sector seem seen set sewag sharp sheer show sight signific sinc slum smoke smoke-pollut smokeless solut space spectrum sprawl spread stabl standard strengthen structur style success suffici suggest superior suppli sustain system tackl take taken term terribl therefor throughout time titl took town trade tradit trainor tramway tree tri twice ultim unprepar upon urban urbanis use util vari vast victorian von wale want war wash wasn water way welfar well wherebi whether whole willing within work world worst would year zone